The Exorcist (film) - Wikipedia The Exorcist is a 1973 American supernatural horror film, adapted by William Peter Blatty from his 1971 novel of the same name, and starring Ellen Burstyn, Linda ...
The Exorcist (film) - Wikipedia The Exorcist is a 1973 American supernatural horror film adapted by William Peter Blatty from his 1971 novel of the same name and starring Ellen Burstyn Linda Blair Max von Sydow and Jason Miller On Golden Pond Special Edition The film is part of The Exorcist franchise The book inspired by the 1949 exorcism of Roland Doe deals with the demonic possession of a 12yearold girl and her mothers attempts to win back her child through an exorcism conducted by two priests The adaptation is relatively faithful to the book which itself has been commercially successful earning a place on The New York Times Best Seller list 56 The film experienced a troubled production even in the beginning several prestigious film directors including Stanley Kubrick and Arthur Penn turned it down Incidents such as the toddler son of one of the main actors being hit by a motorbike and hospitalized attracted claims that the set was cursed The complex special effects used as well as the nature of the film locations also presented severe challenges The films notable psychological themes include the nature of faith in the midst of doubt as well as the boundaries of maternal love as a mother has to do whatever she can to save her child 5 The Exorcist was released theatrically in the United States by Warner Bros on December 26 1973 Though booked at first in only twentysix theaters across the U S it soon became a major commercial success The film earned ten Academy Award nominations winning Best Sound Mixing and Best Adapted Screenplay It became one of the highestgrossing films in history grossing over 441 million worldwide in the aftermath of various rereleases and was the first horror film to be nominated for the Academy Award for Best Picture 67 The film has had a significant influence on popular culture 89 Several publications have regarded it one of the best horror films in history 7 For example it was named the scariest film of all time by Entertainment Weekly in 199910 by Movies com in 201011 by viewers of AMC in 2006 and by the editors of Time Out in 2014 12CHUD com rated it as the 10th best film of all time in 2014 13 In addition a scene from the film was ranked 3 on Bravos The 100 Scariest Movie Moments 14 In 2010 the Library of Congress selected the film to be preserved as part of its National Film Registry as being culturally historically or aesthetically significant 1516 On January 22 2016 20th Century Fox Television announced they were developing a television series of The Exorcist 17 It premiered on September 23 2016 Contents 1 Plot 2 Cast 3 Production 3 1 Writing 3 2 Casting 3 3 Direction 3 4 Filming 3 4 1 Father Merrins arrival scene 3 4 2 The spiderwalk scene 3 5 Editing 3 5 1 Special effects 3 5 2 Alleged subliminal imagery 3 5 3 Titles 3 6 Music 4 Release 4 1 Home media 4 1 1 Special edition 25th anniversary VHS and DVD release 4 1 1 1 DVD features 4 1 1 2 Box features 4 1 2 Extended edition DVD releases 4 1 3 Bluray 4 1 4 The Exorcist The Complete Anthology 5 Reception 5 1 Box office 5 2 Critical response 5 3 UK reception 5 4 Audience reception 6 Legacy 6 1 Awards and honors 6 1 1 Academy Awards 6 1 2 Golden Globe Awards 6 1 3 Library of Congress 6 1 4 American Film Institute Lists 6 2 Alternate and uncut versions 7 Sequels 8 See also 9 References 10 Bibliography 11 External links Lankester Merrin is a veteran Catholic priest and exorcist who is on an archaeological dig in Iraq the ancient city of Hatra18 a Unesco world heritage site There he finds an amulet that resembles the statue of Pazuzu a demon whom Merrin had defeated years before Merrin then realizes the demon has returned to seek revenge Meanwhile in Georgetown actress Chris MacNeil is living on location with her 12yearold daughter Regan where Chris has just wrapped the final scene of a film about student activism directed by her friend and associate Burke Dennings After playing with a Ouija board and contacting a supposedly imaginary friend whom she calls Captain Howdy Regan begins acting strangely including making mysterious noises stealing constantly using obscene language and exhibiting abnormal strength Chris hosts a party only for Regan to come downstairs unannounced telling one of the guests who is an astronaut Youre gonna die up there and then urinating on the floor Regans bed also begins to shake violently much to her and her mothers horror Chris consults multiple physicians but Dr Klein and his associates find nothing medically wrong with her daughter despite Regan undergoing a battery of diagnostic tests One night when Chris is out Burke Dennings is babysitting Regan only for Chris to come home to hear he has died falling out the window Although this is assumed to have been an accident given Burkes history of heavy drinking his death is investigated by Lieutenant William Kinderman who interviews Chris as well as priest and psychiatrist Father Damien Karras who has had his faith in God severely weakened and left badly shaken after the death of his frail mother The doctors thinking that Regan only believes she is possessed recommend an exorcism to be performed Chris arranges a meeting with Karras After recording Regan speaking backwards and witnessing the etching of the words Help Me on her stomach Karras is convinced Regan is possessed Believing her soul is in danger he decides to perform an exorcism The experienced Merrin is selected to do so instead with Karras present to assist Both priests witness Regan perform a series of bizarre vulgar acts and confine her to her bedroom They attempt to exorcise the demon but a stubborn Pazuzu toys with them especially Karras Karras shows weakness and is dismissed by Merrin who attempts the exorcism alone Karras enters the room and discovers Merrin has died of a heart attack After failing to revive Merrin the enraged Karras confronts the mocking laughing spirit of Pazuzu tackling the demon to the ground At Karrass furious demand Pazuzu then possesses Karras leaving Regans body In a moment of selfsacrifice the priest throws himself out of the window without allowing Pazuzu to compel him to harm Regan and is himself mortally injured Father Dyer an old friend of Karras happens upon the scene and administers the last rites to his friend A few days later Regan who is now back to her normal self prepares to leave for Los Angeles with her mother Although Regan has no apparent recollection of her possession she gives Father Dyer a kiss a likely hint at posthumous thanks to Father Merrin and Father Karras Kinderman who narrowly misses their departure befriends Father Dyer as he investigates Karrass death Ellen Burstyn as Chris MacNeil Max von Sydow as Father Lankester Merrin Jason Miller as FatherDr Damien Karras S J Linda Blair as Regan MacNeil Lee J Cobb as Lieutenant William F Kinderman Kitty Winn as Sharon Spencer Jack MacGowran as Burke Dennings Father William OMalley as Father Joseph Dyer Peter Masterson as Dr Barringer Robert Symonds as Dr Taney Barton Heyman as Dr Samuel Klein Arthur Storch as the psychiatrist Productionedit Writingedit See also Exorcism of Roland Doe Aspects of Blattys fictional novel were inspired by the 1949 exorcism performed on an anonymous young boy known as Roland Doe or Robbie Mannheim pseudonyms by the Jesuit priest Fr William S Bowdern who formerly taught at both St Louis University and St Louis University High School Does family became convinced the boys aggressive behavior was attributable to demonic possession and called upon the services of several Catholic priests including Bowdern to perform the rite of exorcism It was one of three exorcisms to have been sanctioned by the Catholic Church in the United States at that time Later analysis by paranormal skeptics has concluded that Doe was likely a mentally ill teenager acting out as the actual events likely to have occurred such as words being carved on skin were such that they could have been faked by Doe himself 7 The novel changed several details of the case such as changing the gender of the allegedly possessed victim from a boy into a girl and changing the alleged victims age 67 Although Friedkin has admitted he is very reluctant to speak about the factual aspects of the film he made the film with the intention of immortalizing the events involving Doe that took place in St Louis in 1949 and despite the relatively minor changes that were made the film depicts everything that could be verified by those involved In order to make the film Friedkin was allowed access to the diaries of the priests involved as well as the doctors and nurses he also discussed the events with Does aunt in great detail Friedkin has said that he does not believe that the headspinning actually occurred but this has been disputed Friedkin despite coming from a Jewish family is not affiliated with any religion of any kind 19 Castingedit Although the agency representing Blair did not send her for the role Blairs mother took her to meet with Warner Bros s casting department and then with Friedkin 20Pamelyn Ferdin a veteran of science fiction and supernatural drama was a candidate for the role of Regan but was ultimately turned down because her career thus far had made her too familiar to the public 21April Winchell was considered until she developed pyelonephritis which caused her to be hospitalized and ultimately taken out of consideration Denise Nickerson who played Violet Beauregarde in Willy Wonka & the Chocolate Factory was considered but the material troubled her parents too much and they pulled her out of consideration 21Anissa Jones known for her role as Buffy in Family Affair auditioned for the role but she too was rejected for much the same reason as Ferdin The part went instead to Blair a relative unknown until the films success The question of whether or not such a young actress even a talented one could carry the film on her shoulders was an issue from the beginning with film directors asked to do the project such as Mike Nichols being skeptical 6 As well the studio wanted Marlon Brando for the role of Father Lankester Merrin 22 Friedkin immediately vetoed this by stating it would become a Brando movie Jack Nicholson was up for the part of Karras before Stacy Keach was hired by Blatty According to Friedkin Paul Newman also wanted to portray Karras 23 Friedkin then spotted Miller following a performance of Millers play That Championship Season in New York 24 Even though Miller had never acted in a film Keachs contract was bought out by Warner Brothers and Miller was signed Jane Fonda Audrey Hepburn and Anne Bancroft were under consideration for the role of Chris 24 Blatty also suggested his friend Shirley MacLaine for the part but Friedkin was hesitant to cast her given her lead role in another possession film The Possession of Joel Delaney 1971 two years prior 24Ellen Burstyn received the part after she phoned Friedkin and emphatically stated she was going to play Chris 25 Friedkin originally intended to use Blairs voice electronically deepened and roughened for the demons dialogue Although Friedkin felt this worked fine in some places he felt scenes with the demon confronting the two priests lacked the dramatic power required and selected legendary radio actress Mercedes McCambridge an experienced voice actress to provide the demons voice 20 After filming Warner Brothers did not include a credit for McCambridge during early screenings of the film which led to Screen Actors Guild arbitration before she was credited for her performance 26Ken Nordine was also considered for the demons voice but Friedkin thought it would be best not to use a mans voice 27 Directionedit The puppet used in the film Warners had approached Arthur Penn Stanley Kubrick and Mike Nichols to direct all of whom turned the project down Originally Mark Rydell was hired to direct but William Peter Blatty insisted on Friedkin instead because he wanted his film to have the same energy as Friedkins previous film The French Connection After a standoff with the studio which initially refused to budge over Rydell Blatty eventually got his way Principal photography for The Exorcist began on August 21 1972 The shooting schedule was estimated to run 105 days but ultimately ran well over 200 Friedkin went to some extraordinary lengths reminiscent of some directors from the old Hollywood directing style manipulating the actors to get the genuine reactions he wanted Yanked violently around in harnesses both Blair and Burstyn suffered back injuries and their painful screams went right into the film 20 Burstyn injured her back after landing on her coccyx when a stuntman jerked her via cable during the scene when Regan slaps her mother 20 According to the documentary Fear of God The Making of the Exorcist however the injury did not cause permanent damage although Burstyn was upset the shot of her screaming in pain was used in the film After asking Father William OMalley if he trusted him and being told yes Friedkin slapped him hard across the face before a take to generate a deeply solemn reaction that was used in the film as a very emotional Father Dyer read last rites to Father Karras this offended the many Catholic crew members on the set He also fired blanks23 without warning on the set to elicit shock from Jason Miller for a take and only told Miller that pea soup would hit him in the chest rather than the face concerning the projectilevomiting scene resulting in his disgusted reaction Lastly he had Regans bedroom set built inside a freezer so that the actors breath could be visible on camera which required the crew to wear parkas and other coldweather gear 20 Filmingedit The Exorcist stairs in Georgetown Washington D C The films opening sequences were filmed in and near the city of Mosul Iraq The archaeological dig site seen at the films beginning is the actual site of ancient Hatra south of Mosul 30 The Exorcist stairs are concrete stairs located in Georgetown at the corner of Prospect St NW and 36th St NW leading down to M Street NW The stairs were padded with 12thick rubber to film the death of the character Father Karras Because the house from which Karras falls is set back slightly from the stairs the film crew constructed an extension with a false front to the house in order to film the scene 31 The stuntman tumbled down the stairs twice Georgetown University students charged people around 5 each to watch the stunt from the rooftops 32 Although the film is set in Washington D C many interior scenes were shot in various parts of New York City The MacNeil residence interiors were filmed at CECO Studios in Manhattan The bedroom set had to be refrigerated to capture the authentic icy breath of the actors in the exorcising scenes The temperature was brought so low that a thin layer of snow fell onto the set one morning Blair who was only in a thin nightgown says to this day she cannot stand being cold 34 Exteriors of the MacNeill house were filmed at 36th and Prospect in Washington using a family home and a false wall to convey the homes thrust toward the steps Several scenes were shot in the basement of Keating Hall at Fordham University in the Bronx The scenes involving Regans medical tests were filmed at New York University Medical Center and were performed by actual medical staff that normally carry out the procedures 35 In the film Regan first undergoes an electroencephalography EEG then an early type of cerebral angiography and finally a pneumoencephalography The scene in which Father Karras listens to the tapes of Regans dialogue were filmed in the basement of Keating Hall at Fordham University in the Bronx 36William OMalley who plays Father Joseph Dyer in the film was a reallife Jesuit and assistant professor of theology at Fordham at the time 37 The interior of Karras room at Georgetown was a meticulous reconstruction of Theology professor Father Thomas M King S J s corridor Jesuit room in New North Hall Fr Kings room was photographed by production staff after a visit by Blatty a Georgetown graduate and Friedkin Upon returning to New York every element of Kings room including posters and books was recreated for the set including a poster of Pierre Teilhard de Chardin S J a paleontologist on whom the character of Fr Merrin was loosely based Georgetown was paid 1000 per day of filming which included both exteriors such as Burstyns first scene shot on the steps of the Flemish Romanesque Healy Hall and interiors such as the defilement of the statue of the Virgin Mary in Dahlgren Chapel or the Archbishops office which is actually the office of the president of the university One scene was filmed in The Tombs a student hangout across from the steps that was founded by a Blatty classmate 38 Father Merrins arrival sceneedit Father Merrins arrival scene was filmed on Max von Sydows first day of work The scene where the elderly priest Father Merrin portrayed by Max von Sydow steps out of a cab and stands in front of the MacNeil residence between the open gates of the driveway silhouetted in a misty streetlamps glow and staring up at an intense beam of light shining from a bedroom window above is one of the most famous scenes in the movie The shot was used for film posters and home DVDVHS release covers The scene and photo was inspired by the 1954 painting Empire of Light LEmpire des lumières by René Magritte 39 The spiderwalk sceneedit Stuntwoman Ann Miles performed the spiderwalk scene in November 1973 Director Friedkin deleted this scene just prior to the December 26 1973 premiere as he judged the scene as appearing too early in the films plot and chose to remove it despite screenplay writer William Peter Blattys objection In the book the spiderwalk is somewhat more muted consisting of Regan following Sharon around near the floor and flicking a snakelike tongue at her ankles Editingedit Special effectsedit The Exorcist contained a number of special effects engineered by makeup artist Dick Smith In one scene from the film Max von Sydow is actually wearing more makeup than the possessed girl Linda Blair This was because director Friedkin wanted some very detailed facial closeups When this film was made von Sydow was 44 though he was made up to look 74 40Alan McKenzie stated in his book Hollywood Tricks of the Trade that the fact that audiences didnt realize von Sydow was wearing makeup at all is a tribute to the skills of veteran makeup artist Dick Smith Alleged subliminal imageryedit The Exorcist was also at the center of controversy due to its alleged use of subliminal imagery introduced as special effects during the production of the film Wilson Bryan Key wrote a whole chapter on the film in his book Media Sexploitation alleging multiple uses of subliminal and semisubliminal imagery and sound effects Key observed the use of the Pazuzu face in which Key mistakenly assumed it was Jason Miller made up in a death mask makeup and claimed that the safety padding on the bedposts were shaped to cast phallic shadows on the wall and that a skull face is superimposed into one of Father Merrins breath clouds Key also wrote much about the sound design identifying the use of pig squeals for instance and elaborating on his opinion of the subliminal intent of it all A detailed article in the JulyAugust 1991 issue of Video Watchdog examined the phenomenon providing still frames identifying several uses of subliminal flashing throughout the film 41 In an interview from the same issue Friedkin explained I saw subliminal cuts in a number of films before I ever put them in The Exorcist and I thought it was a very effective storytelling device The subliminal editing in The Exorcist was done for dramatic effectto create achieve and sustain a kind of dreamlike state 42 However these quick scary flashes have been labeled not truly subliminal43 and quasi or semisubliminal 44 In an interview in a 1999 book about the film The Exorcist author Blatty addressed the controversy by explaining that There are no subliminal images If you can see it its not subliminal Titlesedit The editing of the title sequence was the first major project for the film title designer Dan Perri As a result of the success of The Exorcist Perri went on to design opening titles for a number of major films including Taxi Driver 1976 Star Wars 1977 and Gangs of New York 2002 46 Musicedit Lalo Schifrins working score was rejected by Friedkin Schifrin had written six minutes of music for the initial film trailer but audiences were reportedly too scared by its combination of sights and sounds Warner Bros executives told Friedkin to instruct Schifrin to tone it down with softer music but Friedkin did not relay the message It has been claimed Schifrin later used the music written for The Exorcist for The Amityville Horror but he has denied this in interviews According to The Fear of God The Making of the Exorcist on the 25th Anniversary DVD release of the film Friedkin known for his temper literally took the tapes that Schifrin had recorded and threw them away in the studio parking lot In the soundtrack liner notes for his 1977 film Sorcerer Friedkin said had he heard the music of Tangerine Dream earlier he would have had them score The Exorcist Instead he used modern classical compositions including portions of the 1972 Cello Concerto No 1 of Polymorphia and other pieces by Polish composer Krzysztof Penderecki Five Pieces for Orchestra by Austrian composer Anton Webern as well as some original music by Jack Nitzsche The music was heard only during scene transitions The 2000 Version Youve Never Seen features new original music by Steve Boddacker as well as brief source music by Les Baxter What is now considered the Theme from The Exorcist Tubular Bells by Mike Oldfield became very popular after the films release Oldfield himself said he was not impressed with how his work was used in the film In 1998 a restored and remastered soundtrack was released by Warner Bros without Tubular Bells that included three pieces from Lalo Schifrins rejected score The pieces are Music from the unused Trailer an 11minute Suite from the Unused Score and Rock Ballad Unused Theme That same year the Japanese version of the original soundtrack LP did not include the Schifrin pieces but did include the main theme Tubular Bells by Mike Oldfield and The movement Night of the Electric Insects from George Crumbs string quartet Black Angels The Greek song playing on the radio when Father Karras leaves his mothers house is called Paramythaki mou My Tale and is sung by Giannis Kalatzis Lyric writer Lefteris Papadopoulos has admitted that a few years later when he was in financial difficulties he asked for some compensation for the intellectual rights of the song Part of Hans Werner Henzes 1966 composition Fantasia for Strings is played over the closing credits 48 Releaseedit Upon its December 26 1973 release the film received mixed reviews from critics ranging from classic to claptrap Home mediaedit Special edition 25th anniversary VHS and DVD releaseedit A limited special edition box set was released in 1998 for the films 25th anniversary it was limited to 50000 copies with available copies circulating around the Internet There are two versions a special edition VHS released on November 10 199851 and a special edition DVD released on December 1 1998 52 The only difference between the two copies is the recording format DVD featuresedit The original film with restored film and digitally remastered audio with a 1 851 widescreen aspect ratio An introduction by director Friedkin The 1998 BBC documentary The Fear of God The Making of The Exorcist Two audio commentaries Interviews with the director and writer Theatrical trailers and TV spots Box featuresedit A commemorative 52page tribute book covering highlights of the films preparation production and release features previously unreleased historical data and archival photographs Limited edition soundtrack CD of the films score including the original unused soundtrack Tubular Bells and Night of the Electric Insects omitted 8 lobby card reprints Exclusive senitype film frame magnification included Extended edition DVD releasesedit The extended edition labeled The Version Youve Never Seen which was released theatrically in 2000 was released on DVD on February 3 2004 53 The extended edition was later rereleased on DVD and released on Bluray with slight alterations under the new label Extended Directors Cut on October 5 2010 54 Blurayedit In an interview with DVD Review Friedkin mentioned that he was scheduled to begin work on The Exorcist Bluray on December 2 2008 55 This edition features a new restoration including both the 1973 theatrical version and the 2000 Version Youve Never Seen relabeled as Extended Directors Cut 56 It was released on October 5 2010 575859 A 40th Anniversary Edition Bluray was released on October 8 2013 containing both cuts of the film and many of the previously released bonus features in addition to two featurettes that revolve around author William Peter Blatty 60 The Exorcist The Complete Anthologyedit The Exorcist The Complete Anthology box set was released on DVD on October 10 200661 and on Bluray on September 23 2014 62 This collection includes the original theatrical release version of The Exorcist the extended version labelled The Exorcist The Version Youve Never Seen on the DVD release and The Exorcist Extended Directors Cut on the Bluray release the sequels Exorcist II The Heretic and The Exorcist III and the prequels Exorcist The Beginning and Dominion Prequel to the Exorcist Receptionedit Box officeedit The film earned 66 3 million in distributors domestic USCAN rentals during its theatrical release in 1974 becoming the second most popular film of that year trailing The Sting After several reissues the film eventually grossed 232671011 in North America64 which if adjusted for inflation would be the ninth highestgrossing film of all time and the topgrossing Rrated film of all time 65 To date it has a total gross of 441071011 worldwide 64 Critical responseedit Stanley Kauffmann in The New Republic wrote This is the scariest film Ive seen in yearsthe only scary film Ive seen in years If you want to be shakenand I found out while the picture was going that thats what I wantedthen The Exorcist will scare the shit out of you Variety noted that it was an expert telling of a supernatural horror story The climactic sequences assault the senses and the intellect with pure cinematic terror 67 In Castle of Frankenstein Joe Dante called it an amazing film and one destined to become at the very least a horror classic Director Friedkins film will be profoundly disturbing to all audiences especially the more sensitive and those who tend to live the movies they see Suffice it to say there has never been anything like this on the screen before 68Roger Ebert gave the film a 4outof4 star review praising the actors particularly Burstyn and the convincing special effects but at the end of the review wrote I am not sure exactly what reasons people will have for seeing this movie surely enjoyment won’t be one because what we get here aren’t the delicious chills of a Vincent Price thriller but raw and painful experience Are people so numb they need movies of this intensity in order to feel anything at all69 The reviews were not all positive however Vincent Canby writing in The New York Times dismissed The Exorcist as a chunk of elegant occultist claptrap a practically impossible film to sit through It establishes a new low for grotesque special effects 70Andrew Sarris complained that Friedkins biggest weakness is his inability to provide enough visual information about his characters whole passages of the movies exposition were one long buzz of small talk and name droppings The Exorcist succeeds on one level as an effectively excruciating entertainment but on another deeper level it is a thoroughly evil film 71 Writing in Rolling Stone Jon Landau felt the film was nothing more than a religious porn film the gaudiest piece of shlock this side of Cecil B DeMille minus that gentlemans wit and ability to tell a story Over the years The Exorcists critical reputation has grown considerably The film currently has an 87 Certified Fresh approval rating on the Rotten Tomatoes website based on 67 reviews the website collected 73Chicago Tribune film critic Gene Siskel placed it in the top five films released that year 74 BBC film critic Mark Kermode believes the film to be the best film ever made saying Theres a theory that great films give back to you whatever it is you bring to them Its absolutely true with The Exorcistit reflects the anxieties of the audience Some people think its an outright horrorfest but I dont It was written by a devout Catholic who hoped it would make people think positively about the existence of God William Peter Blatty who wrote the book thought that if there are demons then there are also angels and life after death He couldnt see why people thought it was scary Ive seen it about 200 times and every time I see something I havent seen before 75 Director Martin Scorsese placed The Exorcist on his list of the 11 scariest horror films of all time 76 In 2008 the film was selected by Empire Magazine as one of The 500 Greatest Movies Ever Made 77 It was also placed on a similar list of 1000 films by The New York Times 78 UK receptionedit The Exorcist was available on home video from the early 1980s in the UK After the British Board of Film Classification created the Video Recordings Act in 1984 the film was submitted for a home video certificate James Ferman Director of the Board vetoed the decision to grant a certificate to the film despite the majority of the group willing to pass it It was out of Fermans concerns that even with a proposed 18 certificate the films notoriety would entice underage viewers to seek it out As a result all video copies of The Exorcist were withdrawn in the UK and remained unavailable for purchase for more than a decade 79 Following a successful rerelease in cinemas in 1998 the film was submitted for home video release again in February 199980 and was passed uncut with an 18 certificate signifying a relaxation of the censorship rules with relation to home video in the UK in part due to James Fermans departure The film was shown on terrestrial television in the UK for the first time in 2001 on Channel 4 81 Audience receptionedit Roger Ebert while praising the film believed the special effects to be so unusually graphic he wrote That it received an R rating and not the X is stupefying 82 Some theaters provided Exorcist barf bags 83 Awards and honorsedit Academy Awardsedit The Exorcist was nominated for ten Academy Awards in 1974 winning two It is the first horror film to be nominated for Best Picture 84 At the 46th Annual Academy Awards ceremony the film won two statuettes highlighted in bold 70 The film was nominated for Academy Award for Best Picture – William Peter Blatty Academy Award for Best Actress – Ellen Burstyn Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor – Jason Miller Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress – Linda Blair Academy Award for Best Director – William Friedkin Academy Award for Writing Adapted Screenplay – William Peter Blatty Academy Award for Best Cinematography – Owen Roizman Academy Award for Best Film Editing – Jordan Leondopoulos Bud S Smith Evan Lottman Norman Gay Academy Award for Best Production Design – Bill Malley and Jerry Wunderlich Academy Award for Best Sound Mixing – Robert Knudson Chris Newman Golden Globe Awardsedit The Exorcist was nominated for seven total Golden Globes in 1974 At the 31st Golden Globes ceremony that year the film won four awards Golden Globe Award for Best Motion Picture – Drama Golden Globe Award for Best Director – William Friedkin Golden Globe Award for Best Supporting Actress – Motion Picture – Linda Blair Golden Globe Award for Best Screenplay – William Peter Blatty The film was nominated for Golden Globe Award for Best Actress – Motion Picture Drama – Ellen Burstyn Golden Globe Award for Best Supporting Actor – Motion Picture – Max von Sydow Golden Globe Award for New Star of the Year – Actress – Linda Blair Library of Congressedit 2010 National Film Registry American Film Institute Listsedit AFIs 100 Years 100 Movies – Nominated85 AFIs 100 Years 100 Thrills – 3 AFIs 100 Years 100 Heroes and Villains Regan MacNeil – 9 Villain AFIs 100 Years 100 Movie Quotes What an excellent day for an exorcism – Nominated86 AFIs 100 Years 100 Movies 10th Anniversary Edition – Nominated87 Alternate and uncut versionsedit Several versions of The Exorcist have been released The 1979 theatrical reissue was converted to 70mm with its 1 751 ratio cropped to 2 201 to use all the available screen width that 70mm offers This was also the first time the sound was remixed to sixchannel Dolby Stereo sound Almost all video versions feature this soundtrack The network TV version originally broadcast on CBS in the 80s was edited by William Friedkin who also shot a replacement insert of the Virgin Mary statue crying blood replacing the shot of a more obscenely desecrated statue Friedkin himself spoke the Demons new censored lines he was unwilling to work with Mercedes McCambridge again The lines Your mother sucks cocks in hell Karras and Shove it up your ass you faggot were redubbed by Friedkin as Your mother still rots in hell and Shut your face you faggot Several of Ellen Burstyns lines were also redubbed by the actress replacing Jesus Christ with Judas Priest and omitting the word fuck Most of the profanity spoken by Regan is also cut out as are the shots of her being abused with a crucifix and forcing Chris face into her crotch There is also a slightly alternate shot of Regans face morphed into the white face of the demon just after Merrin arrives at the MacNeil house the theatrical versions only show the beginning of the transformation This network TV version is rarely if ever used for TV and cable showings today In the television versions the image of the obscenely defiled statue of the Virgin Mary stays intact It stays on longer for the TV14 version but not much In some network versions Regan is not masturbating but having another fit The Special Edition released on DVD for the 25th Anniversary includes the original ending as a special feature not used in the theatrical release after Father Dyer is seen on top of the steps behind the MacNeils residence he walks away and is approached by Lt Kinderman They talk briefly about Regan and the events that just took place there Kinderman then invites Dyer to the movies to see Wuthering Heights and quotes Casablanca telling Dyer I think this is the beginning of a beautiful friendship The Special Edition DVD also includes a 75minute documentary titled The Fear of God on the making of The Exorcist The documentary includes screen tests and additional deleted scenes including Chris MacNeil and Regan going sightseeing in Washington After Chris hears about Burkes death Regan crawls down the stairs upside down on her arms and legs like a spider and then chases Chris and Sharon around the room Karras and Merrin sit on the stairs during a pause of the exorcism and exchange some words about whats happening to the girl The scene where the Demonic entity leaves Father Karras was originally done by filming Jason Miller in possession makeup then stopping the camera and shooting him again with the makeup removed This creates a noticeable jump in Father Karrass position as he is unpossessed The 25th anniversary video releases of The Exorcist smooth over the jumpy transition with a subtle computer morphing effect This updated effect was not featured in the prints used for the Warner Bros 75th anniversary film festivals A new edition labeled The Version Youve Never Seen later relabelled Extended Directors Cut was released in theaters on September 22 2000 and includes the following additions and changes A slightly different opening which shows the MacNeils home in Georgetown then cuts to the opening titles The scene where Chris MacNeil screams on the phone includes a new music cue and omits the line Ive been on this fucking line for 20 minutes and simply cuts to the next scene A new scene with Regan at the hospital receiving treatment to diagnose her unusual behavior The doctor tells Chris MacNeil that Regan told him to keep his fingers away from her Goddamn cunt as depicted in the novel This scene sets up her bizarre behavior earlier and clarifies the scene where Chris tells Regan its just like the doctor said its just nerves You just take your pills and youll be fine The party scene removes the shot of Regan laughing with the guests obviously because of her unusual behavior in the previous scene In the scene where Chris returns home and the lights go out new digital effects including satanic faces and images of the statue new sound effects and music have been added to the scene However in the later DVD and Bluray version retitled Extended Directors Cut one effect of the demon Pazuzus face appearing on Regans door has been removed The spiderwalk scene has been restored and digitally altered from the original scene Here crude wires from the scene have been digitally removed she comes down the stairs much faster and a second take with her mouth full of blood was used instead of a serpent tongue It then cuts to black and the next scene opens Before Regan grabs the psychiatrists crotch a new digital effect of her face morphing into the devil which is seen in subliminal cuts throughout including a new growl has been added A new music cue has been added to the scene with Lt Kinderman and Father Karras After Father Karras leaves for the night a new scene of him examining a tape of Regan trying to talk to her dad has been added and a new music cue ties the new scene and the scene of Father Karras at the mass together New scenes with Sharon trying to tune out the devil groans and a short moment with Chris MacNeil and Father Merrin which hints his vulnerability and weakness have been added A new music cue has been added to the scene with Father Karras and Father Merrin going up the stairs to perform the exorcism and a short scene has been added before they enter the room as depicted in the novel Father Merrin asks Chris MacNeil what Regans middle name is she tells him its Theresa and he says what a lovely name The scene with Father Karras and Father Merrin talking on the stairs as depicted in the novel and which was included on the 25th Anniversary DVD has been restored When Father Karras looks up at the window when hes possessed a new digital effect with Karras mothers face has been added and the scene includes the subtle morph effect that was included on the 25th anniversary edition DVD When Chris MacNeil gives Father Dyer Father Karras medal he gives it back to her and says I think you should keep it as depicted in the novel and instead of simply keeping it as in the original version On Golden Pond Special Edition A new short scene of Regan smiling and waving at Father Dyer as they drive away and Father Dyer waving back has been added The original ending with Father Dyer and Lt Kinderman has been restored The tubular bells music cue plays over them walking away and it ends before Lt Kinderman quotes Casablanca by saying I think this is the beginning of a beautiful friendship as portrayed in the novel In both the TVPG and TV14 rated network versions the image of the obscenely defiled statue of the Virgin Mary stays intact It stays on screen several seconds longer for the TV14 version On original TV airings the shot was replaced with one where the statues face is smashed in but without other defilement Edits may vary from network to network and nonpremium cable networks AMC TNT etc nearly always show only editedcensored versions of the film The DVD released for the 25th Anniversary retains the original theatrical ending and includes the extended ending with Dyer and Kinderman as a special feature as opposed the Version Youve Never Seen ending which features Dyer and Kinderman but omits the Casablanca reference The Exorcist The Complete Anthology box set was released on DVD in October 2006 and on Bluray in September 2014 This collection includes the original theatrical release version The Exorcist the extended version The Exorcist The Version Youve Never Seen the sequel with Linda Blair Exorcist II The Heretic the supposed end of the trilogy The Exorcist III and two different prequels Exorcist The Beginning and Dominion Prequel to the Exorcist As aforementioned Morgan Creek current owner of the franchise in association with Fox has now produced a television series of Blattys novel which is the basis for the original film In 1998 Warner rereleased the digitally remastered DVD of The Exorcist 25th Anniversary Special Edition The DVD includes the BBC documentary The Fear of God The Making of The Exorcist88 highlighting the neverbeforeseen original nonbloody variant of the spiderwalk scene To appease the screenwriter and some fans of The Exorcist Friedkin reinstated the bloody variant of the spiderwalk scene for the 2000 theatrically rereleased version of The Exorcist The Version Youve Never Seen In October 2010 Warner released The Exorcist Extended Directors Cut & Original Theatrical Edition on Bluray including the behindthescenes filming of the spiderwalk scene Linda R Hager the lighting double for Linda Blair was incorrectly credited for performing the stunt In 2015 Warner Bros finally acknowledged that stuntwoman Ann Miles was the only person who performed the stunt Sequelsedit See also The Exorcist and The Exorcist film series See alsoedit List of American films of 1973 List of film and television accidents Referencesedit a b The Exorcist – Box Office Data DVD and Bluray Sales Movie News Cast and Crew Information The Numbers Retrieved December 28 2011 The Exorcist 1973 Box Office Mojo Retrieved December 28 2011 a b Holtzclaw Mike October 24 2014 The sound and fury of The Exorcist Daily Press Retrieved August 8 2015 a b c d Susman Gary December 26 2013 The Exorcist 25 Things You Didnt Know About the Terrifying Horror Classic Moviefone com Retrieved August 8 2015 a b c d The Cold Hard Facts Behind the Story that Inspired The Exorcist Strange Magazine Retrieved August 10 2015 Layton Julia September 8 2005 Science howstuffworks com Science howstuffworks com Retrieved August 2 2012 Allmovie com Allmovie com September 9 2005 Retrieved August 2 2012 Ascher Rebecca July 23 1999 Entertainment Weekly The 25 Scariest Movies of All Time Ew com Retrieved August 2 2012 Movies com Get Repossessed With the Exorcist Movies Movies com August 27 2010 Retrieved August 2 2012 Time Out London The 100 best horror films Time Out August 27 2014 Retrieved April 2 2015 Nunziata Nick December 17 2014 The 100 Best Movies Ever – The Exorcist 10 CHUD com Retrieved August 29 2017 The 100 Scariest Movie Moments 100 Scariest Moments in Movie History Bravo NBCUniversal Cable Archived from the original on October 30 2007 Retrieved September 14 2015 Empire Strikes Back among 25 film registry picks Archived from the original on December 31 2010 Retrieved December 28 2010 Barnes Mike December 28 2010 Empire Strikes Back Airplane Among 25 Movies Named to National Film Registry The Hollywood Reporter Retrieved December 28 2010 Prudom Laura ‘The Exorcist’ Pilot Ordered at Fox with Modern Twist Variety com Retrieved February 2 2016 Freeman Colin 25 June 2014 Iraqs Exorcist temple falls into Isis jihadist hands The Telegraph Retrieved 22 August 2017 1 The Diane Rehm Show a b c d e Kermode Mark narrator Friedkin William director Blatty William Peter writer Linda Blair Ellen Burstyn Max von Sydow Jason Miller cast 1998 The Fear of God 25 Years of The Exorcist Documentaryformat= requires url= help Warner Bros a b Nastasi Alison February 21 2015 The Actors Who Turned Down Controversial Movie Roles Flavorwire Retrieved May 6 2016 Coffin Patrick 1 December 2013 The Unbearable Frightness of Being Retrieved 16 June 2015 a b William Friedkin director of THE EXORCIST at the 2013 Dallas International Film Festival on YouTube a b c Adams Ryan April 29 2013 William Friedkin on casting The Exorcist Awards Daily Retrieved May 6 2016 Emery Robert J 2000 The directors in their own words 2 TV Books p 258 ISBN 1575001292 The Exorcist actress Mercedes McCambridge dies at 85 USA Today March 17 2004 Retrieved 20131024 William Friedkin director of THE EXORCIST at the 2013 Dallas International Film Festival on YouTube Friedkin William Director 2000 The Exorcist The Version Youve Never Seen directors commentary audio track Motion picture Iraq Washington D C Warner Bros accessdate= requires url= help Truitt Brian October 7 2013 Exorcist creators haunt Georgetown thirty years later USA Today Retrieved June 24 2014 Excorcist Steps in Washington DC The Washington Post Retrieved 29 October 2014 Friedkins – The Exorcist Thefleshfarm com Retrieved August 2 2012 McLaughlin Katie October 31 2013 The Exorcist still turns heads at 40 CNN Retrieved May 6 2016 Hayes Cathy July 2 2012 Exorcist priest gets the ax from Fordham school for his old school ways Irish Central Retrieved April 29 2015 Larnick Eric October 6 2010 20 Things You Didnt Know About The Exorcist Moviefone Retrieved May 6 2016 Zak Dan October 30 2013 William Peter Blatty writer of ‘The Exorcist’ slips back into the light for its 40th anniversary The Washington Post Retrieved May 6 2016 Faherty Allanah January 14 2015 I Never Knew That These Artworks Inspired Some of the Scariest Horror Movies of All Time Movie Pilot Retrieved May 6 2016 Alan McKenzie Hollywood Tricks of The Trade p 122 Lucas Tim and Kermode Mark Video Watchdog Magazine issue No 6 JulyAugust 1991 pgs 20–31 The Exorcist From the Subliminal to the Ridiculous Friedkin William Interviewed in Video Watchdog Magazine issue No 6 JulyAugust 1991 pg 23 The Exorcist From the Subliminal to the Ridiculous Dark Romance – Book of Days – The subliminal demon of The Exorcist darkromance com Retrieved April 7 2008 Films that flicker the origins of subliminal advertising myths and practices subliminalworld org Retrieved April 7 2008 Perkins Will Dan Perri A Career Retrospective Art of the Title Archived from the original on 11 August 2017 Retrieved 11 August 2017 Henze Complete Deutsche Grammophon Recordings by Brett AllenBayes Limelight January 9 2014 The Exorcist – Special Widescreen Edition Box Set VHS Amazon com Retrieved January 8 2017 The Exorcist 25th Anniversary Special Edition Amazon com Retrieved January 8 2017 The Exorcist The Version Youve Never Seen Amazon com Retrieved January 8 2017 The Exorcist Directors Cut Extended Edition Amazon com Retrieved January 8 2017 Bluray com Bluray com October 20 2008 Retrieved October 2 2012 The Exorcist Announced on Bluray Bluray com Retrieved August 2 2012 Full Bluray Details to Make Your Head Spin – The Exorcist DreadCentral The Exorcist releasing on Bluray in October 2010 Morehorror com Retrieved August 2 2012 THE EXORCIST EXTENDED DIRECTOR’S CUT AVAILABLE OCTOBER 5 FROM WARNER HOME VIDEO Warnerbros com June 21 2010 Retrieved January 8 2017 The Exorcist 40th Anniversary Edition Bluray Bluray com June 20 2013 Retrieved June 25 2013 The Exorcist The Complete Anthology The Exorcist The Exorcist Unrated Exorcist II The Heretic The Exorcist III Exorcist The Beginning Exorcist Dominion Amazon com Retrieved January 8 2017 The Exorcist The Complete Anthology Bluray Amazon com Retrieved January 8 2017 a b The Exorcist Box Office Mojo Internet Movie Database Retrieved May 19 2011 All Time Box Office Adjusted for Ticket Price Inflation Box Office Mojo Internet Movie Database Retrieved May 19 2011 The Exorcist Variety January 1 1973 Retrieved November 3 2007 Dante Joe Castle of Frankenstein Vol 6 No 2 Whole Issue 22 pgs 32–33 Review of The Exorcist Ebert Roger The Exorcist Movie Review & Film Summary 1973 RogerEbert com Retrieved 29 October 2014 a b Canby Vincent December 27 1973 MOVIE REVIEW THE EXORCIST The New York Times Archived from the original on October 22 2012 Retrieved December 29 2008 Sarris Andrew The Village Voice review reprinted in The Story Behind The Exorcist written by Peter Travers and Stephanie Rieff pgs 154–158 Signet Books 1974 ISBN 9780451062079 The Exorcist 1973 Rotten Tomatoes Retrieved March 23 2016 The Official Site of Gene Siskel Cmgww com Archived from the original on April 2 2012 Retrieved August 2 2012 Mark Kermode 1998 The Exorcist British Film Institute Scorsese Martin October 28 2009 11 Scariest Horror Movies of All Time The Daily Beast Retrieved November 15 2009 Empireonline com Empireonline com December 5 2006 Retrieved August 2 2012 The Best 1000 Movies Ever Made The New York Times April 29 2003 Retrieved May 25 2010 BBFC Podcast Episode 50 – The Exorcist 1973 British Board of Film Classification www bbfc co uk Retrieved 20160909 Original BBFC co uk entry Bbfc co uk February 25 1999 Archived from the original on February 22 2014 Retrieved August 2 2012 TV premiere for The Exorcist BBC News March 4 2001 Retrieved May 15 2009 Ebert Roger December 26 1973 Movie Review – The Exorcist The Chicago SunTimes Retrieved August 2 2012 Screen shockers Independent The London Find Articles at BNET com Findarticles com Retrieved August 2 2012 dead link The 46th Academy Awards 1974 Nominees and Winners oscars org Retrieved August 28 2011 AFIs 100 Years 100 Movies Nominees PDF Retrieved August 2 2012 AFIs 100 Years 100 Movie Quotes Nominees PDF Retrieved August 2 2012 AFIs 100 Years 100 Movies 10th Anniversary Edition Ballot PDF Retrieved August 2 2012 The Exorcist 25th Anniversary Special Edition Timewarner com Retrieved August 2 2012 Bibliographyedit Biskind Peter 1999 Easy Riders Raging Bulls How the SexDrugsAnd Rock N Roll Generation Saved Hollywood Simon & Schuster ISBN 9780684857084 Fry Carol Lee 2008 Cinema of the occult new age satanism Wicca and spiritualism in film Rosemont Publishing & Printing Corp ISBN 9780934223959 Gebert Michael 1996 The Encyclopedia of Movie Awards St Martins Griffin ISBN 0668053089 Kermode Mark 2008 The Exorcist BFI Modern Classics British Film Institute ISBN 9780851709673 Konow David 2012 Its only a movie Reel Terror The Scary Bloody Gory HundredYear History of Classic Horror Films Macmillan ISBN 9781250013590 McCabe Bob 1999 The Exorcist London Omnibus ISBN 0711975094 Muir John Kenneth 2002 Horror Films of the 1970s McFarland ISBN 9780786491568 Pons Pedro Palao 2009 Dimension Desconocida Ediciones Robinbook ISBN 9788499170015 Travers Peter & Stephanie Rieff 1974 The Story Behind The Exorcist Signet Books ISBN 9780451062079 External linksedit Official website The Exorcist on IMDb The Exorcist at Rotten Tomatoes The Exorcist at Metacritic The Exorcist at AllMovie The Exorcist at Box Office Mojo The Exorcist at the TCM Movie Database The Haunted Boy of Cottage City The Cold Hard Facts Behind the Story that Inspired The Exorcist by Mark Opsasnick
Most Popular Movies
Warning: SQLite3Stmt::execute(): Unable to execute statement: disk I/O error in /var/www/bis/data/www/anyfilm.top/vendor/doctrine/cache/lib/Doctrine/Common/Cache/SQLite3Cache.php on line 141
Warning: SQLite3Stmt::execute(): Unable to execute statement: disk I/O error in /var/www/bis/data/www/anyfilm.top/vendor/doctrine/cache/lib/Doctrine/Common/Cache/SQLite3Cache.php on line 123
Get Movie & Poster!
Warning: SQLite3Stmt::execute(): Unable to execute statement: disk I/O error in /var/www/bis/data/www/anyfilm.top/vendor/doctrine/cache/lib/Doctrine/Common/Cache/SQLite3Cache.php on line 141
Warning: SQLite3Stmt::execute(): Unable to execute statement: disk I/O error in /var/www/bis/data/www/anyfilm.top/vendor/doctrine/cache/lib/Doctrine/Common/Cache/SQLite3Cache.php on line 123