Mulan (1998 film) - Wikipedia Mulan is a 1998 American animated musical action comedy-drama film produced by Walt Disney Feature Animation for Walt Disney Pictures. It is based on the Chinese ...
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Mulan (1998 film) - Wikipedia Mulan is a 1998 American animated musical action comedy-drama film produced by Walt Disney Feature Animation for Walt Disney Pictures. It is based on the Chinese ...
Mulan (1998 film) - Wikipedia For the franchise see Mulan franchise Lady And The Tramp Mandarin Chinese Edition Mulan is a 1998 American animated musical action comedydrama film produced by Walt Disney Feature Animation for Walt Disney Pictures It is based on the Chinese legend of Hua Mulan and was Disneys 36th animated feature It was directed by Tony Bancroft and Barry Cook with story by Robert D San Souci and screenplay by Rita Hsiao Philip LaZebnik Chris Sanders Eugenia BostwickSinger and Raymond Singer MingNa Eddie Murphy Miguel Ferrer and B D Wong star in the English version while Jackie Chan provided the voice of Captain Li Shang for the Chinese dubs of the film The films plot takes place during the Han dynasty where Fa Mulan daughter of aged warrior Fa Zhou impersonates a man to take her fathers place during a general conscription to counter a Hun invasion Released during the Disney Renaissance Mulan was the first of three features produced primarily at the Disney animation studio at DisneyMGM Studios in Orlando Florida Development for the film began in 1994 when a number of artistic supervisors were sent to China to receive artistic and cultural inspiration Mulan was well received by critics and the public grossing 304 million earning Golden Globe and Academy Award nominations and winning several Annie Awards including Best Animated Feature A 2004 directtovideo sequel Mulan II followed A liveaction adaptation of the film directed by Niki Caro was originally scheduled for November 2 2018 but was later pushed into a unmarked date release in North America Contents 1 Plot 2 Cast 3 Production 3 1 Development 3 2 Writing 3 3 Casting 3 4 Animation and design 4 Music 5 Release 5 1 Home media 6 Reception 6 1 Box office 6 2 Critical reception 6 3 Accolades 6 4 Reception in China 7 Legacy 7 1 Video game 7 2 Liveaction adaptation 7 3 References in Disney media 8 See also 9 References 10 Bibliography 11 External links Plot The film begins with a soldier walking through the Great Wall when a falcon named Hayabusa knocks off his helmet After the Huns who are led by the ruthless Shan Yu invade Han China by breaching the Great Wall the Chinese emperor orders a general mobilization Conscription notices require one man from each family to join the Chinese army When Fa Mulan hears that her elderly father Fa Zhou the only man in their family and an army veteran is once more to go to war she becomes anxious and apprehensive Taking her fathers old armor she disguises herself as a man so that she can enlist instead of her parent The anxious family quickly learn of her departure and Grandmother Fa prays to the family ancestors for Mulans safety The ancestors then order their Great Stone Dragon to protect Mulan A small dragon named Mushu is sent to awaken the Stone Dragon but accidentally destroys it in the process Mushu conceals this from the ancestors and resolves to protect Mulan himself Reporting to the training camp Mulan is able to pass as a man although her military skills are initially inexperienced Mushu provides clumsy guidance to Mulan on how to behave like a man Under the command of Captain Li Shang she and her fellow recruits Yao Ling and ChienPo gradually become trained warriors Desiring to see Mulan succeed Mushu creates a fake order from Shangs father General Li ordering Shang to follow the main Imperial Army into the mountains The reinforcements set out but arrive at a burntout encampment and discover that General Li and his troops have been massacred by the Huns As the reinforcements solemnly leave the mountains they are ambushed by the Huns but Mulan cleverly uses a cannon to cause an avalanche which buries most of the invaders An enraged Shan Yu slashes her in the chest and her deception is revealed when the wound is bandaged Instead of executing Mulan as the law requires Shang spares her life but nonetheless expels her from the army Mulan is left to follow alone as the recruits depart for the Imperial City to report the news of the Huns destruction However it is revealed that several Hun warriors including Shan Yu have survived the avalanche and Mulan catches sight of them as they make their way to the City intent on capturing the Emperor At the Imperial City Mulan is unable to convince Shang about Shan Yus intentions The Huns capture the Emperor then seize the palace With Mulans help Yao Ling and ChienPo pose as concubines and are able to enter the palace With the help of Shang they defeat Shan Yus men as Shang prevents Shan Yu from assassinating the Emperor Mulan lures the Hun leader onto the roof where she engages him in single combat Meanwhile acting on Mulans instructions and signal Mushu fires a huge skyrocket at Shan Yu The rocket strikes and propels him into a fireworks launching tower where he dies in the resulting explosion Mulan is praised by the Emperor and the assembled inhabitants of the city who bow to her in an unprecedented honor While she accepts the crest of the Emperor and the sword of Shan Yu as gifts she politely declines his offer to be his advisor and asks to return to her family Mulan returns home and presents these gifts to her father who is more overjoyed to have Mulan back safely Having become enamored with Mulan Shang soon arrives under the pretext of returning her helmet but accepts the familys invitation to stay for dinner Mushu is granted a position as a Fa family guardian by the ancestors amid a returning celebration Cast From left to right CriKee Mushu Fa Mulan Kahn Main article List of Disneys Mulan characters MingNa Wen as Mulan singing voice provided by Lea Salonga Eddie Murphy as Mushu B D Wong as Captain Li Shang singing voice provided by Donny Osmond Miguel Ferrer as Shan Yu June Foray as Grandmother Fa singing voice provided by Marni Nixon Harvey Fierstein as Yao Gedde Watanabe as Ling singing voice provided by Matthew Wilder Jerry Tondo as ChienPo James Hong as ChiFu SoonTek Oh as Fa Zhou Pat Morita as The Emperor of China George Takei as First Ancestor Miriam Margolyes as The Matchmaker Freda Foh Shen as Fa Li James Shigeta as General Li Frank Welker as CriKee and Khan Mulans horse Chris Sanders as Little Brother Mulans dog Mary Kay Bergman as various ancestors Kelly Chen Coco Lee and Xu Qing voiced Mulan in the Cantonese Taiwanese Mandarin and Mainland standard versions of the film respectively while Jackie Chan provided the voice of Li Shang in all three Chinese versions and appeared in the version of promotional music videos of Ill Make a Man Out of You Production Development In 1989 Walt Disney Feature Animation Florida had opened with 40 to 50 employees3 with its original purpose to produce cartoon shorts and featurettes 4 However by late 1993 following several animation duties on Beauty and the Beast Aladdin and The Lion King Disney executives were convinced to allow the Feature Animation Florida studios to produce their first independent film 5 Around that same time Disney Feature Animation developed an interest into Asianthemed legends beginning with the optioning several books by childrens book author Robert D San Souci who had a consulting relationship with Disney executive Jay Dyer Around that same time a short straighttovideo film titled China Doll about an oppressed and miserable Chinese girl who is whisked away by a British Prince Charming to happiness in the West was in development Thomas Schumacher asked Souci if he had any additional stories in which Souci turned in a manuscript of a book based on the Chinese poem The Song of Fa Mu Lan Ultimately Disney decided to combine the two separate projects 78 Following the opening of the Feature Animation Florida studios Barry Cook who had served as a specialeffects animator department since 19829 had directed the Roger Rabbit cartoon Trail MixUp produced at the satellite studio Upon a lunch invitation with Thomas Schumacher Cook was offered two projects in development a Scottish folk tale with a dragon or Mulan Knowledgeable about the existence of dragons in Chinese mythology Cook suggested adding a dragon to Mulan in which a week later Schumacher urged Cook to drop the Scottish project and accept Mulan as his next project Following this Cook was immediately assigned as the initial director of the project11 and cited influences from Charlie Chaplin and David Lean during production 12 While working as a supervising animator on the gargoyles on The Hunchback of Notre Dame Tony Bancroft was offered to codirect the film following a recommendation from Rob Minkoff codirector of The Lion King to Schumacher in which he accepted13 and joined the creative team by early 1995 Development for Mulan began in 1994 after the production team sent a select group of artistic supervisors to China for three weeks to take photographs and drawings of local landmarks for inspiration and to soak up local culture 15 Key members of the creative team at the time – Pam Coats Barry Cook Ric Sluiter Robert Walker and Mark Henn – were invited to travel to China as a research trip to study the landscape people and history of the original legend From June 17 to July 2 1994 the research trip flew to Beijing China which is where Pam Coats became inspired by the placement of flags on the Great Wall Datong Luoyang Xian Jiayuguan Dunhuang and Guilin Writing In its earliest stages the story was originally conceived as a Tootsielike romantic comedy film where Mulan who was a misfit tomboy that loves her father is betrothed to Shang whom she has not met On her betrothal day her father Fa Zhou carves her destiny on a stone tablet in the family temple which she shatters in anger running away to forge her own destiny In November 1993 Chris Sanders who had just finished storyboard work on The Lion King was hoping to work on The Hunchback of Notre Dame until Schumacher appointed him to work on Mulan instead Acting as Head of Story Sanders grew frustrated with the romantic comedy aspect of the story and urged producer Pam Coats to be more faithful to the original legend by having Mulan leave home because of the love for her father This convinced the filmmakers to decide to change Mulans character in order to make her more appealing and selfless 20 Sequence Six – in which Mulan takes her fathers conscription order cuts her long hair and dons her fathers armor – served as a pivotal moment in the evolution of Mulans character Director Barry Cook explained that the sequence initially started as a song storyboarded by Barry Johnson and redrawn by character designer ChenYi Chang Following the story changes to have Mulan leave to save her father the song was dropped Storyboard artist and cohead of story Dean DeBlois was tasked to revise the sequence and decided to board the sequence with minimal dialogue Assisted with an existing musical selection from another film score courtesy of Sanders the sequence reel was screened for Peter Schneider and Thomas Schumacher both of whom were impressed DeBlois stated Sequence Six was the first sequence that got put into production and it helped to establish our silent approach Additionally General Li was not originally going to be related to Shang at all but by changing the story the filmmakers were able to mirror the stories of both Shangs and Mulans love for their fathers 23 Because there was no dragon in the original legend Mulan did not have animal companions it was Roy E Disney who suggested the character of Mushu 12 Veteran story artist Joe Grant created the cricket character CriKee for though animator Barry Temple admitted the directors didnt want him in the movie the story department didnt want him in the movie The only people who truly wanted him in the movie were Michael Eisner and Joe Grant – and myself because I was assigned the character I would sit in meetings and they’d say Well wheres the cricket during all this Somebody else would say Oh to hell the cricket They felt CriKee was a character who wasnt necessary to tell the story which is true Throughout development on the film Grant would slip sketches of CriKee under the directors door 25 Casting Before production began the production team sought out Chinese Japanese Filipino or Korean vocal talents 26Tia Carrere was an early candidate to voice the title character27 and Lea Salonga who had been the singing voice of Princess Jasmine in Aladdin was also cast as Mulans speaking voice but the directors did not find her attempt at a deeper speaking voice when Mulan impersonated Ping convincing so MingNa Wen was brought in to speak the role Salonga returned to provide the singing voice 28 Wen herself landed the role after the filmmakers listened to her narration at the beginning of The Joy Luck Club Coats reflected on her decision stating When we heard MingNa doing that voiceover we knew we had our Mulan She has a very likable and lovely voice and those are the qualities we were looking for 29 For the role of Mushu Disney was aiming for top Hollywood talent in the vein of Robin Williamss performance as the Genie29 and approached Eddie Murphy who at first balked during recording in the Disney studios and asked to record the voice in his basement at his Bubble Hill mansion in Englewood New Jersey 30 For the speaking voice of Captain Li Shang B D Wong was hired31 although his singing voice for the song Ill Make a Man Out of You was performed by Donny Osmond who had originally auditioned as the speaking voice of the title character in Hercules 32 Osmonds casting originated from a suggestion from the casting director32 and throughout recording Osmond studied Wongs dialogue tapes and aimed to match his inflections and personality 33 Osmond commented that his sons decided that he had finally made it in show business when he was in a Disney film 34 Likewise for the role of Grandmother Fa June Foray provided for the speaking voice and Marni Nixon supplied the singing voice 35 Animation and design To achieve a harmonious visual look producer designer Hans Bacher and art director Ric Sluiter along with Robert Walker and Head of Backgrounds Robert Stanton collaborated to establish a proper chronological location for the film in Chinese history Since there was no general consensus on the time of Mulans existence they based on the visual design on the Ming and Qing dynasties An important element of Bachers design was to turn the art style closer to Chinese painting with watercolor and simpler design as opposed to the details of The Lion King and The Hunchback of Notre Dame 37 Bacher further studied more than thirtyfive film directors ranging from the silent era German Expressionism British and American epics of the 1950s and 60s and the spaghetti westerns for inspiration for composition lighting and staging that would establish settings that enhanced the characters and additional inspiration was found in the earlier Disney animated films such as Bambi Pinocchio and Dumbo to establish a sense of staging In October 1997 the Walt Disney Company announced a major expansion of its Florida animation operations constructing a 200000squarefoot fourstory animation building and the addition of 400 animators to the workforce 40 To create 2000 Hun soldiers during the Huns attack sequence the production team developed crowd simulation software called Attila This software allows thousands of unique characters to move autonomously A variant of the program called Dynasty was used in the final battle sequence to create a crowd of 3000 in the Forbidden City Pixars photorealistic open API RenderMan was used to render the crowd Another software developed for this movie was Faux Plane which was used to add depth to flat twodimensional painting Although developed late in production progress Faux Plane was used in five shots including the dramatic sequence which features the Great Wall of China and the final battle sequence when Mulan runs to the Forbidden City During the scene in which the Chinese are bowing to Mulan the crowd is a panoramic film of real people bowing It was edited into the animated foreground of the scene 41 Music Main article Mulan soundtrack In March 1994 Stephen Schwartz was attached to compose the lyrics and music for the songs for the film 42 Following the research trip to China in June 1994 Schwartz was contacted by former Disney studio chairman Jeffrey Katzenberg to compose songs for The Prince of Egypt which he agreed Peter Schneider thenpresident of Walt Disney Feature Animation threatened to have Schwartzs name removed from any publicity materials for Pocahontas and The Hunchback of Notre Dame Michael Eisner phoned Schwartz and urged him to back out of his commitment to DreamWorks which he refused and left the project 43 After Schwartzs departure his three songs Written in Stone Destiny and China Doll were dropped amid story and character changes by 1995 4445 Shortly after Disney music executive Chris Montan heard Matthew Wilders demo for a stage musical adaption of Anne Rices Cry to Heaven and selected Wilder to replace Schwartz David Zippel then joined to write the lyrics 44 The film featured five songs composed by Wilder and Zippel with a sixth originally planned for Mushu but dropped following Eddie Murphys involvement with the character 46 Although Danny Elfman and Thomas Newman were considered to score the film English composer Rachel Portman was selected as the film composer However Portman became pregnant during production and decided to back out 13 Following Portmans departure Randy Edelmanwhose Dragonheart theme was used in the trailerand Kitarō were considered44 until Jerry Goldsmith became available and signed on after dropping out of a project 13 The films soundtrack is credited for starting the career of pop singer Christina Aguilera whose first song to be released in the U S was her rendition of Reflection the first single from the Mulan soundtrack The song and Aguileras vocals were so well received that it landed her a recording contract with RCA records 47 In 1999 she would go on to release her selftitled debut album on which Reflection was also included The pop version of Reflection has a Polish version Lustro performed by Edyta Górniak and 2 Spanish versions for Spain performed by Malú and Latin America performed by Lucero Other international versions include a Brazilian Portuguese version by Sandy & Junior Imagem a Korean version performed by Lena Park and a Mandarin version by Coco Lee The music featured during the haircut scene often referred as the Mulan Decision score is different in the soundtrack album The soundtrack album uses an orchestrated score while the movie uses heavy synthesizer music The synthesizer version is available on the limited edition CD 48 Salonga who often sings movie music in her concerts has done a Disney medley which climaxes with an expanded version of Reflection not the same as those in Aguileras version Salonga also provided the singing voice for Mulan in the movies sequel Mulan II Release Because of the disappointing box office performances of The Hunchback of Notre Dame and Hercules Disney restricted its marketing campaign for Mulan spending 30 million on promotional advertisements compared to more than 60 million for Hercules the year before 49 Instead of the lavish media event premieres of Pocahontas in Central Park and the electric light parade on Fifth Avenue for Hercules Disney opted to premiere the film at the Hollywood Bowl complete with Chinese lanterns and fortune cookies 4950 Two days before the general release McDonalds launched its promotional campaign by including one of eight toys free with the purchase of a Happy Meal 51 In collaboration with Disney Hyperion Books published The Art of Mulan authored by Jeff Kurtti which chronicled the production of the film In addition with its publication Hyperion Books also issued a collectors folding accordion book of the ancient poem that inspired the film 52 On August 18 1998 around 3700 backpacks and 1800 pieces of luggage were recalled back to their manufacture Pyramid Accessories Inc when it is discovered they contained leadbased paint 53 Home media The film was first released on VHS on February 2 1999 as part of the Walt Disney Masterpiece Collection line That year the film was released on DVD as part of the Limited Issues line In 2000 it was released on DVD as part of the Walt Disney Gold Classic Collection line The second DVD release entered moratorium on January 31 2002 54 On October 26 2004 Walt Disney Home Entertainment released Mulan on DVD as a 2disc Special Edition 55 In March 2013 Walt Disney Studios Home Entertainment released Mulan and Mulan II on Bluray and DVD to coincide with the films 15th anniversary 56 Reception Box office Mulans opening weekend box office gross revenues were 22 8 million2 making it the secondhighest grossing movie that week behind only The XFiles 57 It went on to gross 120 million in the U S and Canada combined and 304 million worldwide making it the secondhighest grossing family film of the year behind A Bugs Life and the seventhhighest grossing film of the year overall 58 While Mulan domestically outgrossed the two Disney films which had preceded it The Hunchback of Notre Dame and Hercules its box office returns failed to match those of the Disney films of the early 1990s such as Beauty and the Beast Aladdin and The Lion King Internationally its highest grossing releases included those in the United Kingdom 14 6 million and France 10 2 million 60 Critical reception Reception of Mulan was mostly positive Rotten Tomatoes gives it a rating of 86 based on 73 reviews with an average rating of 7 510 The sites consensus reads Exploring themes of family duty and honor Mulan breaks new ground as a Disney film while still bringing vibrant animation and sprightly characters to the screen 61 In a 2009 countdown Rotten Tomatoes ranked it twentyfourth out of the fifty canonical animated Disney features 62 On Metacritic the film has a score of 71 out of 100 based on 24 critics indicating generally favorable reviews 63CinemaScore reported that audiences gave the film a rare A grade Kyle Suggs described the visuals as breathtaking64 and Dan Jardine described them as magnificently animated 65 Film critic Roger Ebert gave Mulan three and a half stars out of four in his written review He said that Mulan is an impressive achievement with a story and treatment ranking with Beauty and the Beast and The Lion King Negative reviews described it as a disappointment The songs were accused of not being memorable and slowing down the pace of the movie 66 Ed Gonzalez of Slant Magazine criticized the film as soulless in its portrayal of Asian society 67 This movie was also the subject of comment from feminist critics Mimi Nguyen says the film pokes fun at the ultimately repressive gender roles that seek to make Mulan a domesticated creature 68 Nadya Labi agreed saying there is a lyric in the film that gives the lie to the bravado of the entire girlpower movement She pointed out that Mulan needed to become a boy in order to accomplish what she did Kathleen Karlyn an assistant professor of English at the University of Oregon also criticized the films portrayal of gender roles In order to even imagine female heroism were placing it in the realm of fantasy Pam Coats the producer of Mulan said that the film aims to present a character who exhibits both masculine and feminine influences being both physically and mentally strong Accolades Mulan won several Annie Awards including Best Animated Feature and Individual achievement awards to Pam Coats for producing Barry Cook and Tony Bancroft for directing Rita Hsiao Christopher Sanders Phillip LaZebnick Raymond Singer and Eugenia BostwickSinger for writing Chris Sanders for storyboarding Hans Bacher for production design David Tidgwell for effects animation MingNa for voice acting for the character of Mulan Ruben A Aquino for character animation and Matthew Wilder David Zippel and Jerry Goldsmith for music Tom Bancroft and Mark Henn were also nominated for an Annie Award for Character Animation 70 The musical score also received significant praise Jerry Goldsmith won the 1999 BMI Film Music Award Goldsmith was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Original Music Score but lost to Stephen Warbecks score for Shakespeare in Love 71 Goldsmith was nominated for the Golden Globe Award for Best Original Score Matthew Wilder and David Zippel were nominated for a Golden Globe Award for Best Original Song for Reflection They were beaten by The Truman Show and The Prayer from Quest for Camelot respectively 72 The film is recognized by American Film Institute in these lists 2008 AFIs 10 Top 10 Nominated Animation Film73 Reception in China Disney was keen to promote Mulan to the Chinese hoping to replicate their success with the 1994 film The Lion King which was one of the countrys highestgrossing Western films at that time Disney also hoped it might smooth over relations with the Chinese government which had soured after the release of Kundun a Disneyfunded biography of the Dalai Lama that the Chinese government considered politically provocative 74 China had threatened to curtail business negotiations with Disney over that film and as the government only accepts ten Western films per year to be shown in their country Mulans chances of being accepted were low 75 Finally after a years delay the Chinese government did allow the film a limited Chinese release but only after the Chinese New Year so as to ensure that local films dominated the more lucrative holiday market 7677 Box office income was low due to both the unfavorable release date and rampant piracy Chinese people also complained about Mulans depiction as too foreignlooking and the story as too different from the myths 7879 Legacy Video game A Windows Macintosh and PlayStation pointandclick adventure interactive storybook based on the film Disneys Animated Storybook Mulan titled Disneys Story Studio Mulan on PlayStation was released on December 15 1999 The game was developed by Media Station for computers and Revolution Software under the name Kids Revolution for PlayStation 8081 The game was met with generally positive reception and holds a 70 67 average rating at the review aggregator website GameRankings 82 Liveaction adaptation Walt Disney Pictures first expressed interest in a liveaction adaptation of Mulan in the 2000s Zhang Ziyi was to star in it and Chuck Russell was chosen as the director The film was originally planned to start filming in October 2010 but was eventually canceled 83 In 2015 Disney again began developing a liveaction remake 84 Elizabeth Martin and Lauren Hyneks script treatment reportedly featured a white merchant who falls in love with Mulan and is drawn into a central role in the countrys conflict with the Huns 85 According to a Vanity Fair source the spec script was only a jumpingoff point and all main characters will in fact be Chinese 86Dawn of the Planet of the Apes and Jurassic World screenwriters Rick Jaffa and Amanda Silver are to rewrite Hynek and Martins screenplay with Chris Bender J C Spink and Jason Reed producing 87 In February 2017 it was announced that Niki Caro will direct the liveaction adaptation of the 1998 animated film and will be the second woman at the studio to direct a movie budgeted at over 100 million after Ava DuVernay 88 The casting process of a Chinese actress to portray the heroine began in October 2016 The film was originally scheduled to be released on November 2 2018 but it was later taken off the release schedule with The Nutcracker and the Four Realms taking its old slot 8990 References in Disney media Although she is royalty neither by birth nor marriage her husband is merely a highranking military officer Mulan is part of the Disney Princess media franchise 91 In the film Lilo & Stitch Nani has a poster of Mulan in her room 92Mulan is also present in the Disney and Square Enix video game series Kingdom Hearts In the first Kingdom Hearts and in Kingdom Hearts Chain of Memories Mushu is a summonable character93 and in Kingdom Hearts II the movie is featured as a playable world named The Land of Dragons with the plot being changed to accommodate the games characters Sora Donald and Goofy and Mulan both as herself and as Ping able to join the players party as a skilled sword fighter 93 Actress Jamie Chung plays a liveaction version of Mulan in the second third and fifth seasons of the ABC television series Once Upon a Time 94 See also History of the Han dynasty for info on the period this film is loosely based on Han–Xiongnu War for info on the conflict this film is loosely based on List of Disney animated features List of Disney animated films based on fairy tales List of animated featurelength films List of traditional animated feature films References Mulan TheNumbers Nash Information Services Retrieved May 14 2012 a b Mulan 1998 Box Office Mojo Retrieved August 11 2007 Pack David January 11 2004 Disney Animation Unit Fades Away In Orlando Orlando Sentinel Retrieved June 3 2015 Hinman Catherine November 19 1990 Disney Dips Into Local Inkwell Florida Animation Team Lends Hand To Rescuers Orlando Sentinel Retrieved November 19 2015 King Jonathon December 26 1993 New Home Same Magic Orlando Sentinel Retrieved June 3 2015 Brown Corie Shapiro Laura June 8 1998 Women Warrior Fee required Newsweek Retrieved June 3 2015 – via HighBeam Research Whipp Glenn June 19 1998 Mulan Breaks the Mold with Girl Power Newest Heroine Isnt Typical Disney Damsel Waiting for Her Prince to come Los Angeles Daily News TheFreeLibrary com Retrieved June 3 2015 Hinman Catherine July 15 1992 How The Disney Film Short Off His Rockers Made It To The Big Screen A Little Project That blew Up Orlando Sentinel Retrieved June 3 2015 Abcott Jim June 21 1998 Florida Animation Studio Comes Of Age With Mulan Orlando Sentinel Retrieved June 3 2015 a b Vincent Mal June 20 1998 With Mulan Disney bids for another classic Fee required The VirginianPilot Retrieved June 3 2015 – via HighBeam Research a b c Tony Bancroft August 14 2008 Tony Bancroft balances the yin and the yang in directing Mulan Interview Interview with Jérémie Noyer Retrieved June 3 2015 Discovering Mulan Documentary film Mulan DVD Walt Disney Home Entertainment 2004 Lady And The Tramp Mandarin Chinese Edition Finding Mulan Documentary film Mulan DVD Walt Disney Home Entertainment 2004 Hicken Jackie June 24 2014 50 things you might not know about your favorite Disney films 19982013 edition Deseret News Retrieved June 3 2015 13 Things You Didn’t Know About Mulan blog disney com March 21 2015 Retrieved June 3 2015 Schaefer Stephen June 16 1998 Disneys newest heroine fights her own battles in Mulan Fee required The Boston Herald Retrieved June 30 2015 – via HighBeam Research Tsai Michael June 21 2002 Lilo captures Hawaii spirit in an appealing way The Honolulu Advertiser Retrieved June 30 2015 Hischak Thomas S 2011 Disney Voice Actors A Biographical Dictionary McFarland p 186 ISBN 9780786462711 a b Vice Jeff June 19 1998 `Mulan ala Disney The Deseret News Retrieved June 30 2015 Pearlman Cindy June 14 1998 `Mulan earns her stripes Disney banks on a brave new girl Fee required Chicago SunTimes Retrieved June 30 2015 – via HighBeam Research Vancheri Barbara June 17 1998 Busy Donny Osmond makes a captain sing Pittsburgh PostGazette Retrieved June 30 2015 a b Pearlman Cindy June 30 1998 `Donny & Marie Round 2 Fee required Chicago SunTimes Retrieved June 10 2015 – via HighBeam Research Exteen idol Osmond provides voice of Shang Knight Ridder Lubbock AvalancheJournal June 26 1998 Retrieved June 30 2015 Scheerer Mark July 8 1998 Donny Osmond rolls with the punches for Mulan success CNN Retrieved August 11 2007 King Susan June 25 1998 Fa a Long Long Way to Come Los Angeles Times Retrieved June 30 2015 Art Design Documentary film Mulan DVD Walt Disney Home Entertainment 2004 Shenot Christine March 8 1997 Disney Expanding At Mgm Building Animation Empire Orlando Sentinel Retrieved June 3 2015 Mulan DVD Commentary DVD Walt Disney Home Entertainment 2004 Gray Tim March 17 1994 Disney puts on a glitzy ‘Lion’ show Variety Retrieved November 18 2014 de Giere Carol September 8 2008 Defying Gravity The Creative Career of Stephen Schwartz from Godspell to Wicked Applause Books pp 250–252 ISBN 9781557837455 a b c The Music of Mulan OoCities 1997 Retrieved November 18 2014 Stephen Schwartz comments on Other Shows and Songs PDF stephenschwartz com 2010 Retrieved November 18 2014 Songs of Mulan Documentary film Mulan DVD Walt Disney Home Entertainment 2004 Smith Andy One talented teen Providence Journal accessdate= requires url= help Clemmensen Christian July 7 2007 Filmtracks Mulan Jerry Goldsmith Retrieved July 28 2007 a b Eller Claudia Bates James June 12 1998 Bridled Optimism Los Angeles Times Retrieved June 30 2015 USA WALT DISNEY PRESENTS ITS LATEST ANIMATED EXTRAVAGANZA MULAN ITN May 30 1998 Retrieved June 30 2015 McDonalds Launches First Global Kids Meal Offer Los Angeles Times June 16 1998 Retrieved June 30 2015 Disney banks on books Variety June 12 1998 Retrieved June 3 2015 Mulan backpacks luggage recalled due to lead paint Associated Press The Daily News Kentucky August 18 1998 Retrieved June 30 2015 Time Is Running Out Four of Disneys Greatest Animated Classics Are Disappearing Into the Vault TheFreeLibrary com Press release Walt Disney Press Release PR Newswire January 23 2002 The Disney Animation Resource Channel July 28 2014 Mulan 2Disc Special Edition Trailer retrieved October 14 2016 Review Disney stays simple with Mulan I & II The Hunchback of Notre Dame I & II and Brother Bear 1 & 2 on Bluray Inside the Magic March 26 2013 Retrieved October 14 2016 Box Office Report for XFiles Archived from the original on November 13 2006 Retrieved August 11 2007 1998 worldwide grosses Retrieved August 11 2007 Woods Mark December 7 1998 ‘Bug’s’ bags bucks Variety Retrieved March 16 2014 Rotten Tomatoes Retrieved October 13 2014 Disney Animation Celebration Rotten Tomatoes Retrieved November 28 2009 httpwww metacritic commoviemulan Suggs Kyle 1998 Review of Mulan Christian Spotlight Retrieved August 11 2007 Jardine Dan 1998 Review of Mulan Apollo Guide Archived from the original on May 12 2008 Retrieved August 11 2007 Review of Mulan Need Coffee 1998 Retrieved August 11 2007 Gonzales Ed 1998 Review of Mulan Slant Magazine Retrieved August 11 2007 Nguyen Mimi Negotiating Asian American superpower in Disneys Mulan Pop Politics Media LLC Archived from the original on February 18 2008 Retrieved August 11 2007 26th Annie Award Winners 1998 Archived from the original on July 22 2012 Retrieved April 29 2016 1998 Academy Award Winners 1999 Retrieved August 9 2007 1998 56th Golden Globe Awards LA Times Archived from the original on May 20 2007 Retrieved August 11 2007 AFIs 10 Top 10 Nominees PDF Archived from the original on July 16 2011 Retrieved 20160819 CS1 maint BOT originalurl status unknown link Chinese unimpressed with Disneys Mulan BBC News March 19 1999 Retrieved June 11 2012 Michael Fleeman 1998 Hollywood hopes more movies will follow Clinton to China Associated Press Retrieved June 23 2007 Kurtenbach Elaine February 8 1999 China Allows Disney Film Screening Associated Press Retrieved June 23 2007 Shelly Kraicer August 14 1999 China vs Hollywood the BBC World Service talks to me Retrieved June 23 2007 Chinese unimpressed with Disneys Mulan BBC March 19 1999 Retrieved June 23 2007 Langfitt Frank March 5 1999 Disney magic fails `Mulan in China The Baltimore Sun Retrieved June 23 2007 Disneys Story Studio Mulan GameSpot Retrieved October 15 2012 Disneys Story Studio Mulan Allgame Retrieved October 15 2012 Disneys Story Studio Mulan GameRankings Retrieved October 15 2012 Zhang Ziyi to produce and star in 3D Mulan film Channel News Asia July 27 2010 Retrieved August 14 2010 Ford Rebecca March 30 2015 Disney Developing LiveAction Mulan Exclusive The Hollywood Reporter Retrieved March 30 2015 Fallon Claire October 10 2016 Original LiveAction ‘Mulan’ Script Reportedly Starred A White Love Interest Retrieved January 26 2017 Desta Yohana 10 October 2016 Dont Worry Mulan Will Not Feature a White Male Lead HWD Retrieved 11 October 2016 Kroll Justin October 4 2016 Disney’s LiveAction ‘Mulan’ to Hit Theaters in November 2018 Rick Jaffa and Amanda Silver Rewriting Variety Retrieved October 7 2016 Sun Rebecca Disneys LiveAction Mulan Finds Director Exclusive Hollywood Reporter Retrieved 15 February 2017 McClintock Pamela October 4 2016 Disneys LiveAction Mulan Gets Winter 2018 Release Date The Hollywood Reporter Retrieved October 4 2016 Fuster Jeremy July 15 2017 Disney’s ‘Nutcracker and the Four Realms’ Sets Fall 2018 Release Bumping LiveAction ‘Mulan’ The Wrap Retrieved July 15 2017 Disney Princess Archived from the original on March 12 2007 Retrieved August 18 2007 Lilo & Stitch Easter Egg Archive www eeggs com Retrieved August 18 2007 a b Official Kingdom Hearts Website SWF February 8 2006 Retrieved August 11 2007 Hibberd James July 6 2012 Once Upon a Time scoop Hangover 2 actress cast as legendary warrior EXCLUSIVE Entertainment Weekly Retrieved July 6 2012 Bibliography Kurtti Jeff 1998 The Art of Mulan Hyperion Books ISBN 9780786863884 External links Official website Mulan on IMDb Mulan at AllMovie Mulan at Rotten Tomatoes Mulan at the Big Cartoon DataBase