Michael Caine - Wikipedia Sir Michael Caine CBE (/ k eɪ n /; born Maurice Joseph Micklewhite Jr., 14 March 1933), is an English actor, producer, and author. Renowned for his distinctive ...
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Michael Caine - Wikipedia Sir Michael Caine CBE (/ k eɪ n /; born Maurice Joseph Micklewhite Jr., 14 March 1933), is an English actor, producer, and author. Renowned for his distinctive ...
Michael Caine - Wikipedia For other uses see Michael Caine disambiguation Michael Caine Acting In Film An Actor S Take On Movie Making Sir Michael Caine CBE keɪn born Maurice Joseph Micklewhite Jr 14 March 1933 is an English actor producer and author Renowned for his distinctive working class cockney accent Caine has appeared in over 115 films and is regarded as a British film icon 2 He made his breakthrough in the 1960s with starring roles in British films including Zulu 1964 The Ipcress File 1965 Alfie 1966 for which he was nominated for an Academy Award The Italian Job 1969 and Battle of Britain 1969 His most notable roles in the 1970s included Get Carter 1971 The Last Valley Sleuth 1972 for which he earned his second Academy Award nomination The Man Who Would Be King 1975 and A Bridge Too Far 1977 He achieved some of his greatest critical success in the 1980s with Educating Rita 1983 earning him the BAFTA and Golden Globe Award for Best Actor In 1986 he received an Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor for his performance in Woody Allens Hannah and Her Sisters Caine played Ebenezer Scrooge in The Muppet Christmas Carol 1992 Having by that time practically retired from acting on the big screen he enjoyed a career resurgence in the late 1990s receiving his second Golden Globe Award for his performance in Little Voice in 1998 and receiving his second Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor for The Cider House Rules the following year Caine played Nigel Powers in the 2002 parody Austin Powers in Goldmember and Alfred Pennyworth in Christopher Nolans The Dark Knight Trilogy He appeared in several other of Nolans films including The Prestige 2006 Inception 2010 Interstellar 2014 and Dunkirk 2017 He also appeared as a supporting character in Alfonso Cuaróns Children of Men and Pixars 2011 film Cars 2 As of February 2017 films in which he has starred have grossed over 3 5 billion domestically and over 7 8 billion worldwide 3 Caine is ranked as the twelfth highest grossing box office star 4 Caine is one of only two actors nominated for an Academy Award for acting in every decade from the 1960s to the 2000s the other one being Jack Nicholson Laurence Olivier was also nominated for an acting Academy Award in five different decades beginning in 1939 and ending in 1978 In 2000 Caine was knighted by Queen Elizabeth II in recognition of his contribution to cinema Contents 1 Early life 2 Career 2 1 1950s 2 2 1960s 2 3 1970s 2 4 1980s 2 5 1990s 2 6 2000s 2 7 2010s 3 Awards and honours 4 Popular culture 5 Personal life 6 Political views 7 Music 8 Filmography 9 Awards and nominations 10 References 11 External links Early lifeedit A blue plaque erected in 2003 marks Caines birthplace at St Olaves Hospital Michael Caine was born Maurice Joseph Micklewhite Jr on 14 March 1933 in St Olaves Hospital in Rotherhithe London567 the son of Maurice Joseph Micklewhite Sr 1899–1957 a fish market porter and Ellen Frances Marie Burchell 19 May 1900 – c December 1989 a cook and charwoman 8 His father had Irish and reportedly Irish Traveller ancestry910 and was a Catholic though Caine was brought up in his mothers Protestant religion 11 Caine had a maternal halfbrother David William Burchell 11 July 1925 – March 1992 and a full brother Stanley Micklewhite 1936–2013 Caine grew up in Southwark London and during the Second World War he was evacuated to North Runcton near Kings Lynn in Norfolk 12 After the war his father was demobilised and the family were rehoused by the council in Marshall Gardens at the Elephant and Castle in a prefabricated house made in Canada13 as much of Londons housing stock had been damaged during the Blitz in 1940–1941 “ The prefabs as they were known were intended to be temporary homes while London was reconstructed but we ended up living there for eighteen years and for us after a cramped flat with an outside toilet it was luxury 14 ” In 1944 he passed his eleven plus exam winning a scholarship to Hackney Downs School formerly The Grocers Companys School 15 After a year there he moved to Wilsons Grammar School in Camberwell now Wilsons School in Wallington London which he left at sixteen after gaining a School Certificate in six subjects He then worked briefly as a filing clerk and messenger for a film company in Victoria Street and film producer Jay Lewis in Wardour Street 16 From 28 April 1952 when he was called up to do his national service until 1954 he served in the British Armys Royal Fusiliers first at the BAOR HQ in Iserlohn Germany and then on active service during the Korean War He had gone into Korea feeling sympathetic to communism coming as he did from a poor family but the experience left him permanently repelled 17 He experienced a situation where he knew he was going to die the memory of which stayed with him and formed his character he later said The rest of my life I have lived every bloody moment from the moment I wake up until the time I go to sleep 18 Caine would like to see the return of national service to help combat youth violence stating Im just saying put them in the Army for six months Youre there to learn how to defend your country You belong to the country Then when you come out you have a sense of belonging rather than a sense of violence 19 1950sedit Caine began his acting career at the age of 20 in Horsham Sussex when he responded to an advertisement in The Stage for an assistant stage manager who would also perform small walkon parts for the Horshambased Westminster Repertory Company who were performing at the Carfax Electric Theatre 20 Adopting the stage name Michael Scott in July 1953 he was cast as the drunkard Hindley in the Companys production of Wuthering Heights 21 He moved to the Lowestoft Repertory Company in Suffolk for a year when he was 21 It was here that he met his first wife 22 He has described the first nine years of his career as really really brutal 23 Whilst in Lowestoft rep at the Arcadia Theatre with Jackson Stanleys Standard Players he appeared in nine plays wc 18154 as Bryan Avery in the Wilfred Massey play The Feminine Touch wc 1254 as Philip Ryder in John Essexs play The 10 5 Never Stops wc 8154 as Peter a young man in R C Sherriffs Miss Mabel wc 22254 as Valentine Christie in Joan Morgans This Was A Woman wc 1354 as Richard Baine in Merely Murder by Guy Paxton and Edward V Hoille wc 8354 as Ronnie in The Maniac wc 15354 as John Dixon Ernests rather erratic son of 23 in Armitage Owens The Dixon Family and finally wc 5454 as Eddie Regan in Wilfred Masseys John Marlows Profession On 3 April he had married Patricia Haines at Lothingland Register Office whilst living in Cleveland Road Lowestoft before moving on to London When his career took him to London in 1954 after his provincial apprenticeship his agent informed him that there was already a Michael Scott performing as an actor in London and that he had to come up with a new name immediately Speaking to his agent from a telephone booth in Leicester Square London he looked around for inspiration noted that The Caine Mutiny was being shown at the Odeon Cinema in 1954 and decided to change his name to Michael Caine He joked on television in 1987 that had a tree partly blocking his view been a few feet to the left he might have been called Michael Mutiny Humphrey Bogart was his screen idol and he would later play the part originally intended for Bogart in John Hustons The Man Who Would Be King 24 He also later joked in interviews that had he looked the other way he would have ended up as Michael One Hundred and One Dalmatians 25 In 1959 he was Peter OTooles understudy in Lindsay Andersons West End staging of Willis Halls The Long and the Short and the Tall He took over the role when OToole left to make Lawrence of Arabia and went on to a fourmonth tour of Britain and Ireland Michael Caines first film role was as one of the privates in George Bakers platoon in the 1956 film A Hill in Korea The stars of the film were George Baker Stanley Baker Harry Andrews and Michael Medwin with Stephen Boyd and Ronald Lewis and Robert Shaw also had a small part He appeared regularly on television in small roles His first credited role on the BBC was Boudousse in the Jean Anouilh play The Lark in 1956 Other parts included three roles in Dixon of Dock Green in 1957 1958 and 1959 prisonerofwar series Escape 1957 crimethriller drama Mister Charlesworth and a court orderly in The Caine Mutiny Court Martial 1958 1960sedit Michael Caine in the trailer for Zulu 1964 Caine continued to appear on television in serials The Golden Girl and No Wreath for the General but was then cast in the play The Compartment written by Johnny Speight a twohander also starring Frank Finlay This was followed by main roles in other plays including the character Tosh in Somewhere for the Night a SundayNight Play written by Bill Naughton televised on Sunday 3 December 1961 another twohander by Johnny Speight The Playmates and two editions of BBC plays strand First Night Funny Noises with Their Mouths and The Way with Reggie both 1963 He also acted in radio plays including Bill Naughtons Looking for Frankie on the BBC Home Service 1963 and Ping Pong on the BBC Third Programme 1964 A big break came for Caine when he was cast as Meff in James Saunders Cockney comedy Next Time Ill Sing To You when this play was presented at the New Arts Theatre in London on 23 January 1963 26 Scenes from the plays performance were featured in the April 1963 issue of Theatre World magazine 27 When this play moved to the Criterion in Piccadilly with Michael Codron directing he was visited backstage by Stanley Baker one of the four stars in Caines first film A Hill in Korea who told him about the part of a Cockney private in his upcoming film Zulu a film Baker was producing and starring in Baker told Caine to meet the director Cy Endfield who informed him that he already had given the part to James Booth a fellow Cockney who was Caines friend because he looked more Cockney than Caine did Endfield then told the 62 Caine that he did not look like a Cockney but like an officer and offered him a screen test for the role of a snobbish upper class officer after Caine assured him that he could do a posh accent Caine believes Endfield offered him a Cockney the role of an aristocrat because being American he did not have the endemic British classprejudice Though he tested poorly Endfield gave him the part that would make him a film star 28 Location shooting for Zulu took place in Natal South Africa for 14 weeks in 1963 293031 According to his 2011 autobiography The Elephant to Hollywood Caine had been signed to a sevenyear contract by Joseph E Levine whose Embassy Films was distributing Zulu After the return of the cast to England and the completion of the film Levine released him from the contract telling him I know youre not but you gotta face the fact that you look like a queer on screen Levine gave his contract to his Zulu costar James Booth 32 Subsequently Caines agent got him cast in the BBC production Hamlet at Elsinore 1964 as Horatio in support of Christopher Plummers Hamlet Horatio was the only classical role which Caine who had never received dramatic training would ever play Caine wrote I decided that if my onscreen appearance was going to be an issue then I would use it to bring out all Horatios ambiguous sexuality 33 Caines roles as effeteseeming aristocrats were to contrast with his next projects in which he was to become notable for using a regional accent rather than the Received Pronunciation then considered proper for film actors At the time Caines working class Cockney just as with The Beatles Liverpudlian accents stood out to American and British audiences alike Zulu was closely followed by two of his bestknown roles the spy Harry Palmer in The Ipcress File 1965 and the womanising title character in Alfie 1966 He went on to play Palmer in a further four films Funeral in Berlin 1966 Billion Dollar Brain 1967 Bullet to Beijing 1995 and Midnight in Saint Petersburg 1995 Caine made his first film in the United States in 1966 after an invitation from Shirley MacLaine to play opposite her in Gambit During the first two weeks whilst staying at the Beverly Hills Hotel he met longterm friends John Wayne and agent Swifty Lazar 34 1970sedit Michael Caine in the trailer for Get Carter 1971 After working on The Italian Job with Noël Coward and a solid role as RAF fighter pilot Squadron Leader Canfield in the allstar cast of Battle of Britain both 1969 Caine played the lead in Get Carter 1971 a British gangster film Caine was busy with successes including Sleuth 1972 opposite Laurence Olivier and John Hustons The Man Who Would Be King 1975 costarring Sean Connery which received widespread acclaim 35The Times applauded the lovely double act of Caine and Connery clowning to their doom while Huston paid tribute to Caines improvisation as an actor Michael is one of the most intelligent men among the artists Ive known I dont particularly care to throw the ball to an actor and let him improvise but with Michael its different I just let him get on with it 35 In 1976 he appeared in the screen adaptation by Tom Mankiewicz of the Jack Higgins novel The Eagle Has Landed as Oberst Colonel Kurt Steiner the commander of a Luftwaffe paratroop unit disguised as Polish paratroopers whose mission was to kidnap or kill the thenBritish Prime Minister Winston Churchill alongside costars Donald Sutherland Robert Duvall Jenny Agutter and Donald Pleasence Subsequently in 1978 he starred in The Silver Bears an adaptation of Paul Erdmans 1974 novel of the same name Caine also was part of an allstar cast in A Bridge Too Far 1977 1980sedit At the end of the 1970s his choice of roles was frequently criticisedsomething to which he has referred with selfdeprecating comments about taking parts strictly for the money Caine then averaged two films a year but these included such failures as the BAFTA Awardnominated The Magus 1968 the Academy Awardnominated The Swarm 1978 Ashanti 1979 which he claimed were his worst three films Beyond the Poseidon Adventure 1979 The Island 1980 The Hand 1981 and a reunion with his Sleuth costar Laurence Olivier in The Jigsaw Man 1982 Although Caine also took better roles including a BAFTAwinning turn in Educating Rita 1983 an Oscarwinning one in Hannah and Her Sisters 198636 and a Golden Globenominated one in Dirty Rotten Scoundrels 1988 he continued to appear in poorly received films such as Blame It on Rio the Dick Clement and Ian La Frenais comedy Water the criticalcommercial flop Jaws The Revenge 1987 about which he had mixed feelings concerning the production and the final cut and Bullseye 1990 On Jaws The Revenge Caine said I have never seen the film but by all accounts it was terrible However I have seen the house that it built and it is terrific 3738 His other successful films critically or financially were the 1978 Academy Awardwinning California Suite the 1980 Golden Globenominated slasher film Dressed to Kill the 1981 war film Escape to Victory featuring Sylvester Stallone and footballers from the 1960s and 1970s including Pelé and Bobby Moore the 1982 film Deathtrap and the 1986 Academy Awardnominated Mona Lisa In 1987 Caine narrated Hero the official film of the 1986 FIFA World Cup 39 He also starred in Without a Clue portraying Sherlock Holmes and also acted as Chief Insp Frederick Abberline in the 1988 TV series Jack the Ripper 1990sedit In the 1990s he found good parts harder to come by He played the mysterious bartender Mike in Mr Destiny in 1990 A high point came when he played Ebenezer Scrooge in the critically acclaimed The Muppet Christmas Carol 1992 He played the beleaguered stage director Lloyd Fellowes in the film adaptation of Noises Off 1992 He also played a villain in the Steven Seagal film On Deadly Ground 1994 He was in two straight to video Harry Palmer sequels and a few television films However Caines reputation as a pop icon was still intact thanks to his roles in films such as The Italian Job and Get Carter His performance in Little Voice 1998 was seen as something of a return to form and won him a Golden Globe Award Better parts followed including The Cider House Rules 1999 for which he won his second Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor 40 2000sedit Caine in London at the European premiere of The Dark Knight July 2008 In the 2000s Caine appeared in Miss Congeniality 2000 Last Orders 2001 The Quiet American 2002 for which he was Oscarnominated and others Several of Caines classic films have been remade including The Italian Job Get Carter Alfie and Sleuth In the 2007 remake of Sleuth Caine took over the role Laurence Olivier played in the 1972 version and Jude Law played Caines original role Caine is one of the few actors to have played a starring role in two different versions of the same movie Sean Connery starred in Thunderball and its remake Never Say Never Again in that case in the same role as well In an interview with CNN Law spoke of his admiration for Caine I learned so much just from watching how he monitored his performance and also how little he has to do Hes a master technician and sometimes he was doing stuff I didnt see I couldnt register Id go back and watch it on the monitor it was like Oh my God the amount of variety hes put in there is breathtaking 2 Caine also starred in Austin Powers in Goldmember 2002 as Austins father and in 2003 he costarred with Robert Duvall in Secondhand Lions Caine played family elder Henry Lair in the 2004 film Around the Bend In 2005 he was cast as Bruce Waynes butler Alfred Pennyworth in the first production of the new Batman film series Batman Begins Also in 2005 he played as Isabels Nicole Kidman father in Bewitched In 2006 he appeared in the films Children of Men and The Prestige In 2007 he appeared in Flawless and in 2008 and 2012 he reprised his role as Alfred in Christopher Nolans critically acclaimed Batman sequels The Dark Knight and The Dark Knight Rises as well as starring in the British drama Is Anybody There which explores the final days of life It was reported by Empire magazine that Caine had said that Harry Brown released on 13 November 2009 would be his last lead role 41 Caine later clarified that he had no intention of retiring stating that You don’t retire in this business the business retires you 4243 2010sedit Caine second from right with the cast of Inception at the 10 July premiere in 2010 Caine appeared in Christopher Nolans science fiction thriller Inception as Prof Stephen Miles Cobbs Leonardo DiCaprio mentor and fatherinlaw He voiced Finn McMissile in Pixars 2011 film Cars 2 and also voiced a supporting role in the animation Gnomeo & Juliet He also starred in the 2012 film Journey 2 The Mysterious Island as Josh Hutchersons characters grandfather the film also featured Dwayne Johnson and Vanessa Hudgens Caine reprised his role as Alfred Pennyworth in the Batman sequel The Dark Knight Rises which was released in July 2012 He appeared in Christopher Nolans 2014 sciencefiction film Interstellar as Dr Brand 44 Caine costarred in Kingsman The Secret Service 2015 by director Matthew Vaughn 45 He also appeared in the lead role of retired composer Fred Ballinger in the comedydrama film Youth for which he received widespread acclaim In October 2015 Caine read Hans Christian Andersens Little Claus and Big Claus for the childrens fairytales app GivingTales in aid of UNICEF together with Sir Roger Moore Stephen Fry Ewan McGregor Dame Joan Collins Joanna Lumley David Walliams Charlotte Rampling and Paul McKenna 46 Caine appeared in a cameo in Christopher Nolans 2017 actionthriller Dunkirk 2017 based on the British evacuation in World War II as radio communication to the Royal Air Force 47 Awards and honoursedit Michael Caines handprints in Leicester Square London Caine has been nominated for an Oscar six times winning his first Academy Award for the 1986 film Hannah and Her Sisters and his second in 1999 for The Cider House Rules in both cases as a supporting actor His performance in Educating Rita in 1983 earned him the BAFTA and Golden Globe Award for Best Actor Caine is one of only two actors nominated for an Academy Award for acting in every decade from the 1960s to 2000s the other one being Jack Nicholson Laurence Olivier was also nominated for an acting Academy Award in five different decades beginning in 1939 and ending in 1978 as has Paul Newman 1950s 60s 80s 90s and 2000s He was appointed Commander of the Order of the British Empire CBE in the 1992 Queens Birthday Honours48 and in the 2000 Birthday Honours he was knighted as Sir Maurice Micklewhite CBE by Elizabeth II at Buckingham Palace 4950 In a tribute to his background he stated I was named after my father and I was knighted in his name because I love my father I always kept my real name Im a very private and familyorientated person 51 In 2000 he received a BAFTA Academy Fellowship Award 52 In 2008 Caine was awarded the prize for Outstanding Contribution to Showbusiness at the Variety Club Awards 53 On 5 January 2011 he was made a Commander of the Ordre des Arts et des Lettres by Frances culture minister Frédéric Mitterrand 54 In May 2012 Caine was awarded the Honorary Freedom of the London Borough of Southwark as a person of distinction and eminence of the borough 55 Popular cultureedit I kept my cockney accent in order to let other working class boys know that if I made it they could do it too Caine speaking to CNNs The Screening Room in 2007 on retaining his accent 2 Caine is regarded as a British cultural icon with Mairi Mackay of CNN stating Michael Caine has been personifying British cool since the swinging sixties He has brought some of British cinemas most iconic characters to life and introduced his very own laidback cockney gangster into pop culture He doggedly retained a regional accent at a time when the plummy tones of Received Pronunciation were considered obligatory It is a sweet irony that his accent has become his calling card 2 With his distinctive voice and manner of speaking Caine is a popular subject for impersonators and mimics 56 Most Caine impressions include the catchphrase Not a lot of people know that 2 The catchphrase emanates from Caines habit of informing people of obscure interesting facts that he has collected 57 Referring to Caine as being the biggest mine of useless information Peter Sellers initiated the catchphrase when he appeared on BBC1s Parkinson show on 28 October 1972 and said Not many people know that This is my Michael Caine impression You see Mikes always quoting from the Guinness Book of Records At the drop of a hat hell trot one out Did you know that it takes a man in a tweed suit five and a half seconds to fall from the top of Big Ben to the ground Now theres not many people who know that58 Over the years Caine himself had parodied the phenomenon both his catchphrase and his interesting facts and has imitated others impressions of him 59 In an interview with Michael Parkinson in 2007 Caine commented on the impersonations of his voice I can do it Hello My name is Michael Caine Not many people know that I sound like a bloody moron You know where theyve got me now On birthday cards Its your birthday today Not many people know that Now theyve got me on Satellite navigation Its me going take the second turn on the right and youll wind up right in the shit 59 In 1983 Caine used his not a lot of people know that phrase as a joke in the film Educating Rita 2 The British comedy sketch show Harry Enfields Television Programme included a series of sketches in which Paul Whitehouse played a character called Michael Paine an amalgam of previous Michael Caine impressions who in a reference to The Ipcress File wears oversized thickrimmed glasses and a trench coat He introduces himself with the line My name is Michael Paine and I am a nosy neighbour and in a spoof of the stakeout at the beginning of The Ipcress File recounts to the camera the suspiciously mundane behaviour of his neighbours before saying Not a lot of people know that I know that 60 A parody of Michael Caine also appears in the animated series Ugly Americans in the episode The Dork Knight which also parodies the film The Dark Knight In the episode Caine appears as himself portrayed in the light of his Alfred Pennyworth interpretation and constantly annoys the protagonists with endless anecdotes of his career The 2010 television series The Trip starring Rob Brydon and Steve Coogan featured improvised scenes in which the two leads argue over who can do the better Michael Caine impression 61 Among the lines they repeat in their attempts to outdo each other are You were only supposed to blow the bloody doors off and She was only sixteen – from The Italian Job and Get Carter respectively 61 Coogan and Brydon later did their impressions from a balcony at the Royal Albert Hall during a celebration of Caines work only to be interrupted by the real Caine telling them to be quiet 62 Craig Ferguson has run segments on his show where he parodies Caine usually while wearing a space suit 63 In a 2010 interview with The Telegraph Caine spoke of the impersonations and how everyone he meets quotes lines at him to the point he quotes them quoting him 60 When asked did he ever tire of telling his anecdotes Caine states I enjoy making people laugh The trick is to tell them against yourself If you praise yourself your stories aren’t funny 60 Personal lifeedit Caine with Scarlett Johansson at the Nobel Peace Prize Concert December 2008 Caine lives in Leatherhead Surrey and is patron to the Leatherhead Drama Festival 64 He has also lived in North Stoke Oxfordshire Clewer near Windsor Berkshire Lowestoft in Suffolk and Chelsea Harbour in London In addition Caine owns an apartment at the Apogee in Miami Beach Florida He still keeps a small flat near where he grew up in south east London Caine has published two volumes of memoirs Whats It All About in 1992 and The Elephant to Hollywood in 2010 65 He was married to actress Patricia Haines from 1955 to 1962 They have a daughter Dominique who was named after the heroine of the novel The Fountainhead by Ayn Rand 66 He dated Bianca Jagger in 1968 Caine has been married to actress and model Shakira Baksh since 8 January 1973 They met after Caine saw her appearing in a Maxwell House coffee commercial and a friend gave him her telephone number He called her every day for ten days until she finally agreed to meet him 67 They have a daughter Natasha Haleema 6869 As a Christian married to a Muslim he says no questions or issues ever come up and describes his wifes beliefs as very benign 70 Proud of his working class roots Caine has discussed the opportunities his film career gave him I got to play football with Pelé for God’s sake And I danced with Bob Fosse 60 He also became close friends with John Lennon stating With John and I it was a case of bonding because we were both working class and we shared a sense of humour We were pretending we weren’t who people thought we were 60 His closest friends included two James Bond actors Sean Connery and the late Roger Moore 60 Caine quit his 80aday cigarette habit in the early 1970s after a lecture by Tony Curtis 71 Caine is a fan of the sport of cricket This was alluded to by Gary Oldman who acted with Caine in the Dark Knight Rises when he talks about Caines acting methods Its Take one He got it Take two got it Take three got it Hes just on the money He doesnt fuck around because he wants to get back to cricket 72 Some time after his mother died Caine and his younger brother Stanley learned they had an elder halfbrother named David He suffered from severe epilepsy and had been kept in Cane Hill Mental Hospital his entire life Although their mother regularly visited her first son in the hospital even her husband did not know the child existed David died in 1992 73 Trivia books written by Caine include Not Many People Know That And Not Many People Know This Either Michael Caines Moving Picture Show and Not A Lot of People Know This is 1988 Proceeds from the books went to the National Playing Fields Association a UK charity which Caine served as Vice President which aims to protect and promote open spaces for sports and recreation in British cities and towns 74 In July 2016 Caine changed his name by deed poll to his longtime stage name in order to simplify security checks at airports A security guard would say Hi Michael Caine and suddenly I’d be giving him a passport with a different name on it Maurice Joseph Micklewhite I could stand there for an hour So I changed my name 75 Political viewsedit Caine has often been outspoken about his political views He left the United Kingdom for the United States in the late 1970s citing the income tax levied on top earners by the Labour government of James Callaghan but returned to the UK eight years later after taxes had been lowered by the Conservative government of Margaret Thatcher I decided not to become a tax exile so I stayed in Britain but they kept putting the tax up so Id do any old thing every now and then to pay the tax that was my tax exile money Maggie Thatcher came in and put the taxes back down and in the end you know you dont mind paying tax What am I going to do Not pay tax and drive around in a RollsRoyce with cripples begging on the street like you see in some countries76 Following the launch of his film Harry Brown Caine called for the reintroduction of national service in the UK to give young people a sense of belonging rather than a sense of violence 77 In 2009 Caine publicly criticised the Labour government of Gordon Brown for its reintroduced 50 per cent income tax rate on top earners and threatened to return to the US if his taxes were increased further 78 During the run up to the 2010 General Election Caine publicly endorsed the Conservative Party and appeared with party leader David Cameron for the launch of a civilian noncompulsory National Service for 16yearolds although Caine stated he had previously supported New Labour under the leadership of Tony Blair in 1997 79 In July 2014 Caine was reported to have been a celebrity investor in a tax avoidance scheme called Liberty 80 Caine also voted for Brexit stating he would rather be a poor master than a rich servant 81 Caine is a fan of chillout music and released a compilation CD called Cained in 2007 on the UMTV record label 8283 He met Elton John and was discussing musical tastes when Caine said that he had been creating chillout mix tapes as an amateur for years 8384 Also in music Caine provided vocal samples for the Skapop band Madness for their 1984 hit Michael Caine as his daughter was a fan He has sung in film roles as well including Little Voice and for the 1992 musical film The Muppet Christmas Carol Filmographyedit Main article Michael Caine filmography Awards and nominationsedit Main article List of awards and nominations received by Michael Caine Referencesedit Michael Caine Front Row Interviews 29 September 2010 BBC Radio 4 Retrieved 18 January 2014 a b c d e f Screening Room Special Michael Caine 29 October 2007 CNN 25 June 2015 Michael Caine – Box Office Data Movie Star Thenumbers com Retrieved 20 March 2014 People Index Box Office Mojo Retrieved 6 December 2015 Michael Caine Biography Encyclopaedia Britannica Rotherhithe did not become part of the London Borough of Southwark until its creation in 1965 In 1933 it was part of the Metropolitan Borough of Bermondsey in the County of London abolished 1965 Michael Caine My Autobiography The Elephant to Hollywood Hodder & Stoughton 2011 p 16 Michael Caine Biography 1933– FilmReference com Michael Caine Acting In Film An Actor S Take On Movie Making Retrieved 16 April 2009 Michael Caine – Inside the Actors Studio on YouTube Bravo Michael Caine Family Tree PDF Retrieved 26 April 2013 Lifestyle – Caines magical performance in Is Anybody Out There WalesOnline 1 May 2009 Retrieved 6 July 2012 Michaorfolk childhood Runctonweb co uk Archived from the original on 30 August 2009 Retrieved 17 October 2009 Michael Caine My Autobiography The Elephant to Hollywood Hodder & Stoughton 2011 p 28 Michael Caine My Autobiography The Elephant to Hollywood Hodder & Stoughton 2011 p 29 For an account of his evacuation and early school years as sent to Jerry Pamanother Hackney Downs pupil whom he met in the 1950s who was 6 years his senior and who has become his publicist for over 50 yearssee MC Michael Caine A Message from Evacuee Maurice Micklewhite The Cloves Lines The Newsletter of The Clove Club The Old Boys of Hackney Downs School 3 2 March 2009 16 William Hall 2004 The Biography of Sir Michael Caine70 Not Out John Blake ISBN 1844540197 Mao The Unknown Story by Jung Chang and Jon Halliday pub 2005 p446 ch35 Michael Caine Interview The Talks thetalks com Shropshire News – Midlands News – Breaking News UK Shropshire Star Retrieved 17 April 2010 Horsham Carfax Electric Theatre – Hidden Horsham Hidden Horsham Archived from the original on 21 August 2009 Retrieved 17 October 2009 Interview with Mike Ostler by Roxanne Blakelock 15 October 2004 for the British Library Theatre Archive Project at www bl uk Retrieved 4 January 2012 The Actors – Sir Michael Caine Q&A Indie London at www indielondon co uk Retrieved 4 January 2012 Rob Carnevale The Prestige – Michael Caine Interview Indie London at www indielondon co uk Retrieved 4 January 2012 Caine Michael 2011 The Elephant to Hollywood New York Henry Holt & Co p 6 ISBN 9780805093902 Close 2 March 2001 Michael Caine I The Guardian London Retrieved 17 October 2009 Saunders James 1962 Next Time Ill Sing To You Retrieved 14 January 2012 ROB WILTON THEATRICALIA Theatre World Magazines 1960s Phyllis demon co uk 4 December 1965 Retrieved 26 April 2013 Caine Michael 2011 The Elephant to Hollywood New York Henry Holt & Co pp 50–52 ISBN 9780805093902 The TwoHeaded Spy Turner Classic Movies Film Article at www tcm com Retrieved 12 January 2012 Zulu War 1879 Discussion and Reference Forum A Small Victorian War in 1879 in www 1879zuluwar comt3518filmsofmichaelcaine Retrieved 14 January 2012 Extract from The Elephant to Hollywood in Readers Digest Australia at www readersdigest com au Retrieved 14 January 2012 Caine p 62 Caine p 63 Hamilton Fiona 1 July 2007 Best of Times Worst of Times Michael Caine The Times London Retrieved 5 April 2010 a b William Hall 2007 Sir Michael Caine The Biography John Blake Publishing Thomas Bob 30 April 1987 Threetime loser Caine becomes Oscar winner Kentucky New Era Google News Archive Associated Press Retrieved 21 October 2014 Michael Caine Biography Tiscali Archived from the original on 10 September 2006 Collin Robbie 14 March 2013 Michael Caine Extraordinarily good and spectacularly awful The Daily Telegraph Retrieved 24 July 2014 FIFA World Cup and Official FIFA Events Programming FIFA Films Retrieved 28 January 2013 Sir Michael Caine collects top French honour BBC Retrieved 14 July 2012 Pierce Nev 27 August 2009 Dirty Harry Empire Magazine London Bauer Media Group October 2009 93 ISSN 09574948 Caine rules out retirement rumours Metro 13 September 2009 Retrieved 20 September 2009 Posner Michael 22 May 2010 For Michael Caine vengeance means big box office The Globe and Mail Retrieved 7 September 2017 White James 5 May 2013 Michael Caine Heads To Interstellar Empire Retrieved 5 May 2013 Mark Millar Twitter Roger Moore backs childrens fairy tales app in aid of Unicef The Guardian 18 June 2015 Chris Nolan on Dunkirk and leaving the Dark Knight behind NJ com Retrieved 19 July 2017 No 52952 The London Gazette Supplement 12 June 1992 p 7 No 55879 The London Gazette Supplement 19 June 2000 p 1 No 56136 The London Gazette 2 March 2001 p 2633 My name is still Michael Caine says man dubbed Sir Maurice The Independent Retrieved 21 December 2015 Kubrick and Caine honoured BBC Retrieved 14 July 2012 Variety Club honours actor Caine BBC News BBC 17 November 2008 Retrieved 17 November 2008 France Bestows Culture Honor on Michael Caine The New York Times 6 January 2011 Retrieved 6 January 2011 Southwark Council southwark gov uk My name is Sir Michael Caine mimics the impersonators BBC Retrieved 24 December 2014 Michael Caine Interview BBC TVs Parkinson show 15 December 2007 Peter Sellers Interview BBC TVs Parkinson show 28 October 1972 a b Michael Caine Impersonates Michael Caine Huffington Post a b c d e f Michael Caine interview for his autobiography The Elephant to Hollywood The Telegraph 25 June 2015 a b This Is How Michael Caine Speaks Steve Coogan & Rob Brydon Compare Impressions Huffington Post Retrieved 26 June 2015 httpswww youtube comwatchv=BeC0tjIMA scottish king scottishking blogspot com Welcome to the Leatherhead Drama Festival 2008 Leatherheaddramafestival org Archived from the original on 4 June 2009 Retrieved 17 October 2009 Radio 4 Programmes – Front Row Sir Michael Caine BBC 29 September 2010 Retrieved 8 January 2012 John Hind 13 September 2009 This Much I Know an Interview with Michael Caine The Observer UK Retrieved 14 November 2010 Michael Caine – Biography Talk Talk Retrieved 14 November 2010 WIRED 20170406 Morgan Freeman Michael Caine and Alan Arkin Answer the Webs Most Searched Questions WIRED retrieved 20170408 Births England and Wales 1837–2006 Archived 13 July 2015 at the Wayback Machine Mark Duff Michael Caines Important dates Michaelcaine com Retrieved 17 October 2009 This much I know The Guardian Retrieved 14 July 2015 Caine Michael Whats It All About 1992 p 325 Hollywood goes to cricket You wont find this on TMZ ESPN Cricinfo Retrieved 12 September 2015 Michael Caine The Biography Channel Archived from the original on 29 March 2009 Retrieved 17 October 2009 Every Child Deserves a Place to Play NPFA Retrieved 29 July 2015 Chan Rosalie 21 July 2016 Michael Caine Has Changed His Name Time Retrieved 23 July 2016 Caine comes full circle Essex Chronicle 9 November 2009 Retrieved 26 January 2014 Harry Brown Star Sir Michael Caine Says Put Young People in the Army To Stop Escalating Violence Sky News Retrieved 17 April 2010 permanent dead link Michael CaineThe Government has reached its limit with me The Daily Telegraph 25 April 2009 Retrieved 26 January 2014 Young Kevin 20 April 2010 Political celebrities Then & now BBC News George Michael and Michael Caine accused of tax avoidance through Liberty scheme The Independent 9 July 2014 Retrieved 11 July 2014 httpwww telegraph co uknews20170406sirmichaelcainerevealsvotedbrexitwouldratherpoormasteramp Various Artists – Cained UMTV Archived from the original on 20 July 2011 Retrieved 17 October 2009 a b Van Eliot Actor Michael Caine Releases Chill Compilation Cained Wired com Retrieved 26 April 2013 Michael Caine to release chillout album The Times Retrieved 31 July 2007 External linksedit Official website Michael Caine on IMDb Michael Caine at the TCM Movie Database Michael Caine at Box Office Mojo Michael Caine at the British Film Institutes Screenonline Michael Caine at the American Film Institute Catalog Michael Caine on National Public Radio in 2010 Michael Caine on Charlie Rose The Films of Michael Caine on YouTube compilation of film clips 4 minutes PLAY DIRTYCaine Special on Location in Spain Martyn Palmer Double act Michael Caine and Jude Law lunch and discussion The Times 17 November 2007 Charlie Rose video interview 3 February 2003 IGN com interview 18 March 2003 200 years of Michael Caines family tree Sir Michael Caine interview on BBC Radio 4 Desert Island Discs 25 December 2009 Preceded byMichael Gough Alfred Pennyworth Actor2005–2012 Succeeded bySean Pertwee