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Dan Rather - Wikipedia CBS Evening News anchor (1981–2005) 60 Minutes correspondent (1975–1981; 2005–2006)
Dan Rather - Wikipedia Daniel Irvin Rather Jr CBS Evening News June 23 2006 born October 31 1931 is an American journalist and the former news anchor for the CBS Evening News He was most recently managing editor and anchor of the television news magazine Dan Rather Reports on the cable channel AXS TV Rather was anchor of the CBS Evening News for 24 years from March 9 1981 to March 9 2005 He also contributed to CBSs 60 Minutes Rather became embroiled in controversy about a disputed news report involving President George W Bushs Vietnamera service in the National Guard and subsequently left CBS Evening News in 2005 and he left the network entirely after 44 years in 2006 1 Along with Peter Jennings at ABC News and Tom Brokaw at NBC News Rather was one of the Big Three news anchors in the U S during the 1980s 1990s and early 2000s The three all hosted their networks flagship nightly news programs for over 20 years and all three started and retired or died within a year of one another Contents 1 Early life 2 Early career 3 CBS News 3 1 JFK assassination to Watergate 3 2 CBS Evening News anchor 4 Journalistic history and influence 4 1 Nixon 4 2 Space Shuttle Challenger disaster 4 3 Afghanistan Reagan and George H W Bush 4 4 The Wall Within 4 5 Killian documents 4 5 1 Lawsuit 4 6 Departure from the CBS Evening News 4 7 Departure from CBS News 5 PostCBS career 6 Personal life 7 Awards 8 Criticism 8 1 Claims of bias 8 2 From Walter Cronkite 8 3 From Dallas CBS news director Eddie Barker 9 Notable incidents and controversies 9 1 1968 Democratic convention 9 2 Chicago cab ride 9 3 Galloway lawsuit 9 4 Kenneth what is the frequency 9 5 Courage 9 6 Dead air 10 Ratherisms 11 In popular culture 12 Ratings 13 References 14 Further reading 15 External links Early lifeedit Rathers boyhood home being restored at the Wharton County Museum Daniel Irvin Rather Jr ˈræðər was born on October 31 1931 in Wharton County Texas the son of Daniel Irvin Rather Sr a ditch digger2 and the former Byrl Veda Page The Rathers moved to Houston where Dan attended Love Elementary School and Hamilton Middle School He graduated in 1950 from John H Reagan High School in Houston In 1953 he earned a bachelors degree in journalism from Sam Houston State University3 where he was editor of the school newspaper The Houstonian At Sam Houston4 he was a member of the Caballeros the founding organization of the Epsilon Psi chapter of the Sigma Chi fraternity 5 After obtaining his undergraduate degree Rather briefly attended South Texas College of Law in Houston which awarded him an honorary Juris Doctor in 1990 In 1954 Rather enlisted in the United States Marine Corps but was soon discharged because he had rheumatic fever as a child 6 Early careeredit Rather began his journalism career in 1950 as an Associated Press reporter in Huntsville Texas Later he was a reporter for United Press 1950–1958 several Texas radio stations and the Houston Chronicle 1954–1955 Around 1955 Rather did a story on heroin Under the auspices of the Houston Police he experienced the drug which he characterized as a special kind of hell 7 While at Sam Houston State Rather worked for KSAMFM radio in Huntsville Texas calling junior high high school and Sam Houston State football games 8 He later spent four seasons as the playbyplay announcer for the University of Houston football team 9 During the 1959 minor league baseball season Rather was the playbyplay radio announcer for the Houston Buffs team of the triple A American Association In 1959 he began his television career as a reporter for KTRKTV the ABC affiliate in Houston Rather was subsequently promoted to the director of news for KHOUTV the CBS affiliate in Houston Ray Miller news director of KPRCTV the NBC affiliate in Houston also mentored Rather in the early years On February 28 1962 Rather left Houston for New York City for a sixmonth trial initiation Rather didnt fit in easily on the East Coast and his first reports for CBS included coverage of the crash of American Airlines Flight 1 in Jamaica Bay and a less memorable event on the suffocation of children at a hospital in Binghamton Shortly after Rather was made chief of CBSs Southwest bureau in Dallas In August 1963 he was appointed chief of the Southern bureau in New Orleans responsible for coverage of news events in the South Southwest Mexico and Central America 10 CBS Newsedit Rather speaking about his experiences in his 61 years of journalism before a group of NATO commanders at Camp Eggers in Kabul Afghanistan in July 2011 JFK assassination to Watergateedit In his autobiography written with help from ghostwriter Mickey Herskowitz Rather wrote that he was in Dallas to return film from an interview that morning in Uvalde at the ranch of former Vice President John Nance Garner who actually celebrated his 95th Rather erroneously called it his 98th birthday on November 22 11 Although hired in August to set up a southern bureau for CBS in New Orleans Rather had only recently moved from Dallas to New Orleans in November 12 and would not have been in Dallas except for the need to get film to Dallas CBS affiliate KRLDTV now KDFW to feed to New York Although he had no assigned reporting role in Dallas Rather says he happened to be on the other side of the railroad tracks beyond the triple underpass thirty yards from a grassy knoll that would later figure in so many conspiracy theories 13 His job was to fetch a film drop from a camera truck at that location and take it to the station for editing He did not witness or hear the shooting he said He heard nothing of what may have caused the commotion until he reached KRLD running all the way through Dealey Plaza The moment I cleared the railroad tracks I saw a scene I will never forget Some people were lying on the grass some screaming some running some pointing Policemen swarmed everywhere and distinctly above the din I heard one shout DONT ANYBODY PANIC And of course there was nothing but panic wherever you looked 14 There is at least one glaring error in Rathers 1976 book Within an hour of the arrest the police disclosed that a paraffin test of Oswalds hands and face showed that he had fired a gun 15 Lee Harvey Oswald had been arrested in Oak Cliff at 155 p m Texas time but the paraffin test was not administered until 855 CST according to expert Pat Speer who has explained the tests done and their results 161718 In his autobiography he also claims to be one of the first to see the Zapruder film showing the assassination and the first to describe it on television 19 The film was never shown on television to the general public and Rather reported the fatal headshot as forcing Kennedys head to be thrown violently forward when it was thrown backwards This report is sometimes included as part of conspiracy theories which purport that the direction in which Kennedys head moved supports one theory or another Later he reported that some Dallas schoolchildren had applauded when they were notified of the presidents death 20 Administrators said that the thrust of the announcement was that school was to be dismissed early making the students delight more understandable and did not mention the assassination However teacher Joanna Morgan confirmed that students had cheered at the news that Kennedy was shot 21 This story infuriated local journalists at thenCBS affiliate KRLDTV now Foxownedandoperated KDFWTV Rathers reporting during the national mourning period following the Kennedy assassination and subsequent events brought him to the attention of CBS News management which rewarded him in 1964 with the networks White House correspondent position After serving as a foreign correspondent for CBS in London in 1965 and Vietnam in 1966 he served his second tenure as White House correspondent during the Richard Nixon presidency Rather was among those journalists who accompanied Nixon to China 22 He covered the Watergate investigation as well as impeachment proceedings In 1970 he drew the assignment as anchor for the CBS Sunday Night News23 19701973 19741975 and later for the CBS Saturday Evening News 19731976 CBS Evening News anchoredit After President Nixons resignation in 1974 Rather took the assignment of chief correspondent for the documentary series CBS Reports In December 1975 he became a correspondent of the longrunning Sunday night news show 60 Minutes just as the program was moved from a Sunday afternoon timeslot to primetime Success there and a threat to bolt to ABC News helped Rather pull ahead of longtime correspondent Roger Mudd in line to succeed Walter Cronkite as anchor and Managing Editor of CBS Evening News Good evening President Reagan still training his spotlight on the economy today signed a package of budget cuts that he will send to Congress tomorrow Lesley Stahl has the story Rathers first lines in his debut as anchor of The CBS Evening News Rather assumed the position upon Cronkites retirement making his first broadcast on March 9 1981 From the beginning of his tenure it was clear that Rather had a significantly different style of reporting the news In contrast to the avuncular Cronkite who ended his newscast with Thats the way it is Rather searched to find a broadcast ending more suitable to his tastes For one week during September 1986 Rather tried ending his broadcasts with the word courage24 and was roundly ridiculed for it He eventually found a wrapup phrase more modest than Cronkites and more relaxed than his own previous attempt for nearly two decades Rather ended the show with Thats part of our world tonight Rather also held other positions during his time as anchor In January 1988 he became host of the newly created 48 Hours and in January 1999 Rather joined the new 60 Minutes II as a correspondent While Rather had inherited Cronkites ratings lead the success of the Evening News with Rather at the helm fluctuated wildly After a dip to second place Rather regained the top spot in 1985 until 1989 when he ceded the ratings peak to rival Peter Jennings at ABCs World News Tonight By 1992 however the Evening News had fallen to third place where it remained until Bob Schieffer who acted as the interim anchor between Rather and Katie Couric saw the Evening News rise to 2 ahead of ABC World News Tonight in the wake of the death of Peter Jennings but remaining behind NBC Nightly News Rather has been a frequent collaborator with CBS News producer Susan Zirinsky who was producer of the news while he was a reporter and anchor 25 The traditionally strong journalistic bench of CBS News was changed in 1984 when new owner Lawrence Tisch oversaw layoffs of thousands of CBS News employees including correspondents David Andelman Fred Graham Morton Dean and Ike Pappas Fewer videotape crews were dispatched to cover stories and numerous bureaus were closed This eventually caused CBS News to fall into third place in the ratings 26 For a short time from 1993 to 1995 Rather coanchored the evening news with Connie Chung Chung had previously been a Washington correspondent for CBS News and anchored short news updates on the West Coast On joining the CBS Evening News however she worked to report pop news stories that did not fit the style of broadcast In one incident she was on an airplane interviewing Tonya Harding who was accused of being behind the plot to injure fellow Olympic ice skater Nancy Kerrigan 27 Chung ultimately left the network and Rather went back to doing the newscast alone At the end of Rathers time as anchor CBS Evening News lagged behind NBC Nightly News and ABC World News Tonight in the ratings though it was still drawing approximately 7 milliondubious – discuss viewers a night Criticism of Rather reached a fever pitch after 60 Minutes II ran his 2004 report about President Bushs military record Numerous critics questioned the authenticity of the documents upon which the report was based Rather subsequently admitted on air that the documents authenticity could not be proven 28 In the aftermath of the incident CBS fired multiple members of CBS News staff but allowed Rather to stay on Journalistic history and influenceedit Nixonedit During Richard Nixons presidency critics accused Rather of biased coverage against him At a Houston news conference in March 1974 Nixon fielded a question from Rather still CBSs White House correspondent who said Thank you Mr President Dan Rather of CBS News The room filled with jeers and applause prompting Nixon to joke Are you running for something Rather replied No sir Mr President Are you29 His question accused Nixon of not cooperating with grand jury investigation and House Judiciary Committee in relation to the Watergate scandal 29 According to NBC’s Tom Brokaw the network considered hiring him to replace Rather as its White House correspondent but these plans were scrapped after word was leaked to the press The controversy did little to dent Rathers overall tough coverage of the Watergate scandal which helped raise his profile Space Shuttle Challenger disasteredit Main article Space Shuttle Challenger disaster In January 1986 NASA faced repeated delays in the preparations to launch the space shuttles Columbia and Challenger in close sequence Rathers description of the 10 January delay of the space shuttle Columbia as starcrossed space shuttle Columbia stood ready for launch again today and once more the launch was scrubbed Heavy rain was the cause this time The launch has been postponed so often since its original date December 18 that its now known as mission impossible was an example of the biting sarcasm and pressure the media was applying to NASA over scheduling 30Columbia launched 12 January On 27 January Rathers reporting of the impending Challenger launch began as follows Yet another costly redfacesallaround spaceshuttlelaunch delay This time a bad bolt on a hatch and a badweather bolt from the blue are being blamed Whats more a rescheduled launch for tomorrow doesnt look good either Bruce Hall has the latest on todays hightech low comedy Dan Rather 27 January 1986 31 On 28 January Challengers destruction occurred 73 seconds after launch Afghanistan Reagan and George H W Bushedit Rather speaking with Lt Gen William B Caldwell and Sergeant Maj Beam about the Afghan National Security Forces training mission and other issues at Camp Eggers in Kabul Afghanistan on July 26 2011 During the Soviet war in Afghanistan Rather was on camera wearing a traditional Mujahideen headdress and garments while reporting from near the front lines These reports helped Rather gain prominence with the Evening News audience and the nickname Gunga Dan Rathers reports were also spoofed by the comic strip Doonesbury It later turned out that Rathers reports played a role in moving Congressman Charlie Wilson to try to help the struggling mujahideen which led to the largestever CIA covert operation in supplying aid and advanced arms to the mujahideen which in turn eventually led to the Soviets quitting Afghanistan 32 Rathers energy and spirit helped him outcompete Roger Mudd for the anchor spot on the Evening News Mudd was a more senior correspondent and a frequent substitute anchor for Walter Cronkite on Evening News He also anchored Sunday evening broadcast but it was Rather who traveled through Afghanistan when news led there A few years into his service as anchor Rather began wearing sweaters beneath his suit jacket to soften and warm his onair perceptions to viewers 33 Later during the 1980s Rather gained further renown for his forceful and skeptical reporting on the IranContra affair which eventually led to an onair confrontation with then Vice President George H W Bush Bush referred to Rathers dead air incident saying I want to talk about why I want to be President why those 41 percent of the people are supporting me And I dont think its fair to judge my whole career by a rehash on Iran How would you like it if I judged your career by those seven minutes when you walked off the set in New York Rather ignored Bushs comment 34 Shortly after Iraq invaded Kuwait Rather secured an interview with Iraqi leader Saddam Hussein There is no powerful and quick strike that a people could deliver whatever their overall power The United States depends on the Air Force The Air Force has never decided a war in the history of wars Saddam Hussein in an interview with Dan Rather on August 29 199035 On February 24 2003 Rather conducted another interview with Hussein before the 2003 Invasion of Iraq In the interview Hussein invited Rather to be the moderator of a live television debate between himself and George W Bush The debate never took place 36 The Wall Withinedit On June 2 1988 Rather hosted a CBS News special The Wall Within In it he interviewed six former servicemen each of whom said he had witnessed horrible acts in Vietnam Two of the men said that they had killed civilians and two others said that they had seen friends die Each talked about the effects the war had upon their lives – including depression unemployment drug use and homelessness Killian documentsedit Main article Killian documents controversy On September 8 2004 Rather reported on 60 Minutes Wednesday that a series of memos critical of President George W Bushs Texas Air National Guard service record had been discovered in the personal files of Lt Bushs former commanding officer Lt Col Jerry B Killian 37 Once copies of the documents were made available on the Internet their authenticity was quickly called into question Much of this was based on the fact that the documents were proportionally printed and displayed using other modern typographic conventions usually unavailable on military typewriters of the 1970s The font used on the documents has characteristics that exactly match standard font features of Microsoft Word This led to claims that the memos were forgeries 38 The accusations then spread over the following days into mainstream media outlets including The Washington Post39The New York Times40 and the Chicago SunTimes 41 Rather and CBS initially defended the story insisting that the documents had been authenticated by experts 42 CBS was contradicted by some of the experts it originally cited43 and later reported that its source for the documents – former Texas Army National Guard officer Lt Col Bill Burkett – had misled the network about how he had obtained them 44 On September 20 CBS retracted the story Rather stated If I knew then what I know now I would not have gone ahead with the story as it was aired and I certainly would not have used the documents in question 45 The controversy has been referred to by some as Memogate and Rathergate 46 Following an investigation commissioned by CBS474849 CBS fired story producer Mary Mapes and asked three other producers connected with the story to resign Many believe Rathers retirement was hastened by this incident 50 On September 20 2007 Rather was interviewed on Larry King Live commenting Nobody has proved that they were fraudulent much less a forgery The truth of this story stands up to this day 51 Lawsuitedit On September 19 2007 Rather filed a 70 million lawsuit against CBS its former parent company Viacom CBS President and CEO Leslie Moonves Sumner Redstone chairman of both Viacom and CBS and Andrew Heyward former president of CBS News Rather accused the network and its ownership and management of making him a scapegoat in the Killian story A CBS spokesman claimed that the lawsuit was old news and without merit 52 On September 21 2009 Rathers lawyers claimed that Bushs military service would be proven to be a sham and Rather would be vindicated 53 On September 29 2009 a New York state appeals court dismissed Rathers lawsuit against CBS 54 On January 12 2010 New Yorks top court refused to reinstate Rathers 70 million breachofcontract lawsuit against CBS Corp On May 18 2012 Rather appeared on Real Time With Bill Maher and claimed he had been fired for reporting a story about George W Bushs year of absence from the reserve unit he served with and that the news corporations had been very uncomfortable with running the story Departure from the CBS Evening Newsedit Weve shared a lot in the 24 years weve been meeting here each evening and before I say Good night this night I need to say thank you Thank you to the thousands of wonderful professionals at CBS News past and present with whom its been my honor to work over these years And a deeply felt thanks to all of you who have let us into your homes night after night it has been a privilege and one never taken lightly Not long after I first came to the anchor chair I briefly signed off using the word Courage I want to return to it now in a different way to a nation still nursing a broken heart for what happened here in 2001 and especially to those who found themselves closest to the events of September 11 to our soldiers sailors airmen and marines in dangerous places to those who have endured the tsunami and to all who have suffered natural disasters and must now find the will to rebuild to the oppressed and to those whose lot it is to struggle in financial hardship or in failing health to my fellow journalists in places where reporting the truth means risking all and to each of you Courage For the CBS Evening News Dan Rather reporting Good night 55 Rathers speech at the end of his farewell newscast Rather retired as the anchorman and Managing Editor of the CBS Evening News in 2005 his last broadcast was Wednesday March 9 2005 56 He had worked as the anchorman for 24 full years the longest tenure of anyone in American television history and for a short time continued to work as a correspondent for 60 Minutes Bob Schieffer a fellow Texan and host of Face the Nation took over Rathers position on an interim basis with Katie Couric replacing Schieffer in 2006 Since retiring Rather has spoken out strongly about what he perceives as a lack of courage by American journalists On January 24 2006 Rather spoke to a Seattle audience Before the speaking engagement he told a newspaper reporter In many ways on many days reporters have sort of adopted the attitude of go along get along What many of us need is a spine transplant Rather added Whether its City Hall the State House or the White House part of our job is to speak truth to power 57 Departure from CBS Newsedit In June 2006 reports surfaced that CBS News would most likely not renew Dan Rathers contract 56 According to a Washington Post article sources from CBS said that executives at the network decided there is no future role for Rather On June 20 2006 CBS News and Sports president Sean McManus announced that Rather would leave the network after 44 years 58 Rather issued a separate statement which accompanied the news of the departure59 I leave CBS News with tremendous memories But I leave now most of all with the desire to once again do regular meaningful reporting My departure before the term of my contract represents CBSs final acknowledgement after a protracted struggle that they had not lived up to their obligation to allow me to do substantive work there As for their offers of a future with only an office but no assignments it just isnt in me to sit around doing nothing So I will do the work I love elsewhere and I look forward to sharing details about that soon PostCBS careeredit Following his departure from CBS Dan Rather joined Mark Cubans cable network AXS TV then called HDNet to host and produce the weekly onehour news show Dan Rather Reports from 2006 until 2013 6061 Since 2013 Rather has hosted and produced the hourlong series The Big Interview on AXS TV where he sits down for indepth interviews with influential figures in music and entertainment such as John Fogerty Quentin Tarantino Simon Cowell Aaron Sorkin and Sammy Hagar 6263646566 He has also produced several documentary specials for the network under the banner Dan Rather Presents including specials about Americas Mental Health Crisis the United States Secret Service and The Shameful Side of International Adoption676869 Rather also appears frequently on a number of news shows including MSNBCs The Rachel Maddow Show70 and The Last Word with Lawrence ODonnell71 and on CNN 72 He has also written for The Huffington Post73 and Mashable 74 On May 28 2007 Rather compared historical events to events in the Star Wars films in the History Channel special Star Wars The Legacy Revealed In 2012 Rather published an autobiography titled Rather Outspoken My Life in the News 75 In 2015 Rather launched an independent production company called News and Guts Media through which he produces The Big Interview among other projects 61 In 2015 Rather also began actively posting on Facebook76 He credits young staffers at News and Guts Media with pushing him to try social media While his posts were considerably longer than typical social media posts they resonated with the audience which soon grew to more than two million followers Even late night TV noticed Rathers unusual but effective Facebook presence77 Subject matter ranges from current political events to journalism to childhood memories Personal lifeedit Rather at South by Southwest 2007 discussing media the internet and asking the hard questions Rather married Jean Goebel in 1957 They have a son and daughter and maintain homes in New York City and Austin Texas 78 Their daughter Robin is an environmentalist and community activist in Austin Texas Their son Dan is an assistant district attorney in the District Attorneys office in Manhattan New York Sam Houston State University renamed its mass communications building after Rather in 1994 The building houses The Houstonian and KSHU the studentrun radio and television stations In May 2007 Rather received an honorary Doctor of Humane Letters from Siena College in Loudonville New York for his lifetime contributions to journalism A columnist whose work is distributed by King Features Syndicate Rather continues to speak out against alleged influence in journalism by corporations and governments At a 2008 conference in Minneapolis Minnesota sponsored by the group Free Press Rather criticized both local and national news organizations stating – according to reports – that there is no longer incentive to do good and valuable news 79 Dan Rather at the 64th Annual Peabody Awards He has received numerous Emmy Awards several Peabody Awards and various honorary degrees from universities Award Year Program Title Peabody 1975 CBS News Peabody 1976 60 Minutes Peabody 1994 CBS Reports DDay Peabody 1995 CBS Reports In the Killing Fields of America Paul White AwardRadio Television Digital News Association 199780 Lifetime Achievement Peabody 2000 48 Hours Heroes Under Fire Peabody 2001 60 Minutes II Memories of a Massacre Peabody 2004 60 Minutes II Abuse at Abu Ghraib Emmy Trustees Award 2014 Lifetime Achievement In addition to these awards Rather was inducted into the Television Hall of Fame in 2004 Criticismedit As one of the last broadcast news journalists from the era of the Big Three network news primacy Rather was generally regarded highly within his profession by longserving journalists Rather has however been the object of criticism from people who accuse him of having a liberal bias 81 Claims of biasedit For much of his career Rather has been the target of critics who have accused him of having a liberal bias 8283 Rathers onscreen comments and electionnight reporting have come under attack as well dating back to Richard Nixons presidency In a June 2002 interview with Larry King his longtime coworker and selfdescribed liberal Andy Rooney stated that Rather is transparently liberal 84 During the weeks following the Killian documents stories Rather received widespread criticism from other journalists and historians 85 In an interview with commentator Bill Maher Rather accused Fox News Channel of receiving talking points from the Republicancontrolled White House Fox News commentator Bill OReilly who had defended Rather during the Killian documents incident criticized Rather for not offering any evidence to support the claim 86 In 2002 Bernard Goldberg published a book with the title Bias alleging a liberal bias in print and broadcast news organizations In the book Goldberg used Dan Rather as a primary example of a news anchor with a liberal bias He also criticized the anchor for his criticisms of President George W Bushs and Vice President Dan Quayles service in the National Guard rather than the Active Duty military during the Vietnam War and questioned Rathers own service 87 Fairness and Accuracy in Reporting has accused Rather of having an unwillingness to challenge official power and policy in his reporting 88 Investigative reporter Mark Hertsgaard characterized Rather as a stern antiCommunist during the Reagan administration for allegedly having reported the pronouncements of public officials with considerable respect 89 In April 2001 according to a frontpage story in The Washington Post Rather spoke at a Democratic party fundraiser in Austin Texas where he was the featured speaker One of the official hosts for the fundraiser was Rathers daughter Robin Rather Rather said that he did not realize that his daughter was a host of the fundraiser Rather also said that he did not realize that the event was a partisan fundraiser although he did realize that after he arrived at the event 90 From Walter Cronkiteedit During an appearance on CNNs American Morning former CBS anchor Walter Cronkite said about Rather It surprised quite a few people at CBS and elsewhere that without being able to pull up the ratings beyond third in a threeman field that they tolerated his being there for so long Cronkite also stated that Bob Schieffers succession was long overdue 91 From Dallas CBS news director Eddie Barkeredit In the aftermath of the Kennedy assassination while Rather was a Dallas reporter he interviewed a minister who said some local schoolchildren had cheered upon learning of the Presidents shooting The Associated Press later confirmed the story A teacher at the school backed up the Rather story confirming that some students at the school had cheered at the principals news about Kennedy 92Eddie Barker local Dallasarea news director for CBS said that Rather had in fact been aware that the children were merely happy about being sent home early and they had not been given a reason for early school closure Barkers children attended the school as he informed Rather He stated that Rather had deliberately misrepresented the facts by indicating that the children were happy about the shooting Barker attempted to fire Rather but was overruled by the national CBS News management 20 Notable incidents and controversiesedit 1968 Democratic conventionedit During live coverage of the 1968 Democratic National Convention Rather attempted to interview a delegate from Georgia who appeared as though he was being forcibly removed by men without identification badges As Rather approached the delegate to question the apparent strongarm tactics of the Chicago political machine under Mayor Daley he was punched in the stomach by one of the men knocking him to the ground He lifted me right off the floor and put me away I was down the breath knocked out of me as the whole group blew on by me In the CBS control room they had switched the camera onto me just as I was slugged Chicago cab rideedit On November 10 1980 Rather landed at Chicagos OHare International Airport and got into a cab He asked the cab driver to take him to the home of Studs Terkel whom he was interviewing for 60 Minutes A police spokesman stated that the cab driver refused to go to the address and instead wildly drove through the city streets with Rather shouting out the window asking for help The cabbie was charged with disorderly conduct Rather called the incident a rather minor thing By the time the case was about to come to trial he was about to add anchoring the CBS Evening News to his 60 Minutes role at CBS News Rather declined to press charges citing a mounting schedule of reporting assignments 9394 Galloway lawsuitedit In 1980 Rather and CBS were taken to court when Carl Galloway a California doctor claimed that a report on 60 Minutes wrongfully implicated him in an insurance fraud scheme CBS stated Galloway had signed the bogus report and was suing Rather because he was upset at being caught The jury sided with CBS and Rather and they won the case 95 During the trial Galloways side used outtakes from the TV report showing that one interview was rehearsed 95 Kenneth what is the frequencyedit On October 4 1986 while walking along Park Avenue to his apartment in Manhattan Rather was attacked and punched from behind by a man who demanded to know Kenneth what is the frequency while a second assailant chased and beat him As the assailant pummeled and kicked Rather he kept repeating the question In describing the incident Rather said I got mugged Who understands these things I didnt and I dont now I didnt make a lot of it at the time and I dont now I wish I knew who did it and why but I have no idea 96 Until the crime was resolved years later Rathers description of the bizarre crime led some to doubt the veracity of his account97 although the doorman and building supervisor who rescued Rather fully confirmed his version of events 96 The assault remained unsolved for some time and was referenced multiple times in popular culture The phrase Whats the frequency Kenneth became a popularculture reference over the years such as in a scene in the graphic novel Like a Velvet Glove Cast in Iron by cartoonist Daniel Clowes In 1994 the band R E M released the song Whats the Frequency Kenneth on their album Monster Rather later sang with R E M during a sound check prior to a gig at New Yorks Madison Square Garden which was shown the following night on the Late Show with David Letterman before their performance of Crush with Eyeliner In 1997 a TV critic writing in the New York Daily News solved the mystery publishing a photo of the alleged assailant William Tager who received a 12 1⁄2to25year prison sentence for killing NBC stagehand Campbell Montgomery outside The Today Show studio in 1994 97 Rather confirmed the story Theres no doubt in my mind that this is the person 97 New York District Attorney Robert M Morgenthau said William Tagers identity as the man who attacked Mr Rather was established in the course of an investigation by my office 98 Tager claimed he thought television networks were beaming signals into his brain 99 When he murdered the stagehand Tager was trying to force his way into an NBC studio with a weapon in order to find out the frequency the networks were using to attack him so that he could block it Tager was paroled in October 2010 and is believed to be living in New York City Courageedit For one week in September 1986 Rather signed off his broadcasts to CBS with the single word Courage He said that it was just a signature line and had nothing to do with the news at the time Other newscasters ridiculed and parodied Rather and he dropped it 100 Afterward he said And thats part of our world On his last CBS Evening News broadcast he once again signed off with Courage this time linking it to the September 11 2001 attacks as well as to courage shown by fellow journalists Dead airedit On September 11 1987 Rather walked off the set in anger just before a remote Evening News broadcast from Miami where Pope John Paul II had begun a rare U S tour when a U S Open tennis match was being broadcast into the time scheduled for the newscast He was upset that the news was being cut into to make room for sports and discussed it with the sports department The Steffi Graf–Lori McNeil tennis match coverage then ended sooner than expected at 632 p m but Rather had disappeared CBS Sports had finally agreed to break away immediately after the match without commentary Thus over 100 affiliates were forced to broadcast six minutes of dead air 101 The next day Rather apologized for leaving the anchor desk The following year when Rather asked then Vice President Bush about his role in the Iran–Contra affair during a live interview Bush responded by saying Dan how would you like it if I judged your entire career by those seven minutes when you walked off the set in New York102 Ratherismsedit Rather is known for his many colorful analogies and descriptions during live broadcasts Similar to those used by baseball announcer Red Barber cycling commentator Phil Liggett and Formula 1 commentator Murray Walker these Ratherisms are also called Texanisms or Danisms by some A few of the more colorful ones several of which were used throughout the 2008 HBO madeforTV movie Recount about the 2000 Election include This race is shakier than cafeteria JellO 103 This thing is as tight as the rusted lugnuts on a 55 Ford 103 His characterization of the Republican Partys assessment of President Obama104 He couldnt sell watermelons if you gave him the state troopers to flag down the traffic In popular cultureedit Rather at the LBJ Presidential Library in 2016 He has been referenced in the television shows Saturday Night Live and Family Guy and many films An animated caricature of him made a cameo appearance in the JibJab political cartoon Good to Be in D C Rather made a cameo in a 1971 episode of All in the Family entitled The Man in the Street in which Archie wants to see himself interviewed for the evening news but it is preempted by a speech given by Richard Nixon CBS Evening News June 23 2006 Rather in actual news footage appears to in Edith Bunkers words tell us what Mr Nixon just said In 2004 he was featured in the documentary film Barbecue A Texas Love Story by Austinbased director Chris Elley 105 Two years later Rather and Elley educated a group of New Yorkers in Madison Square Park about the true meaning of BBQ and its significance to the identity of the Lone Star State Rather began the discussion with a direct statement Lets get this straight folks If it aint beef and it aint in Texas then it aint barbecue In the 2006–07 graphic novel Shooting War which is set in the year 2011 an 80yearold Dan Rather is shown to be one of the last journalists still reporting from Iraq Rather had a cameo in the premiere of the Fall 2007 drama Dirty Sexy Money on ABC television He gueststarred as himself in The Simpsons episode E Pluribus Wiggum Rather appeared on The Daily Show in May 2009 wearing an Afro wig and muttonchop sideburns to narrate a segment about the late former President Nixon eating a burrito as a parody of MSNBCs extensive coverage of President Obama and Vice President Bidens hamburger lunch 106 Rather appears in the 2008 awardwinning documentary Boogie Man The Lee Atwater Story A character Dano an imitation of Rather appears on the Brad and Britt morning show on WZTK radio Features of the imitation include mentioning I have the documents whenever a dubious claim is made Dano is also heard sometimes interviewing President Obamas teleprompter A skit on the 38th season of Sesame Street featured Anderson Cooper interviewing two grouches Walter Cranky and Dan Rather Not who when asked to answer questions demurred with the phrase Id rather not 107 Robert Redford portrayed Rather in the 2015 film Truth Ratingsedit Under Rathers predecessor Walter Cronkite CBS Evening News was a strong 1 in the ratings108 and Rather maintained a small ratings lead for a few years among the networks news broadcasts through the early 1980s 109 However Tom Brokaw and his NBC Nightly News and Peter Jennings of ABC News World News Tonight both became more popular than Rathers broadcast 110 Referencesedit Dan Rather Leaves CBS After 44 Years PBS News Hour June 20 2006 Retrieved August 10 2016 Rathers reputation suffered after a 60 Minutes story about President Bushs Vietnamera service in the National Guard Archived copy Archived from the original on 20151122 Retrieved 20151106 Palmer Brian Dan Rather goes bananas Slate com Retrieved 20120604 then called Sam Houston State Teachers College The name was later changed For more details see the Name changes section of the article about the school that is now as of 2017 called Sam Houston State University Sigma Chi Epsilon Psi ChapterSam Houston State University Home Page Retrieved 20080308 Dan Rather Biography Encyclopedia of World Biography www notablebiographies com September 2005 Retrieved 20081029 Ladies Home Journal July 1980 Dan Rather interview Horn Barry Life goes full circle with turn in booth A Rather good color man CNN Retrieved April 30 2010 On the Go Houston Chronicle August 11 1963 p 15 Dan Rather with Mickey Herskowitz The Camera Never Blinks 1976 page 113 Rather The Camera Never Blinks page 111 Dan Rather The Camera Never Blinks page 114 Dan Rather The Camera Never Blinks page 115 Rather The Camera Never Blinks page 123 Chapter 4d Casts of Contention Walter Cronkite announces death of JFK on YouTube NBC News Live Coverage of The Assassination of President John Kennedy Part 4 on YouTube OswaldsGhost American Experience a b Philip Chalk Wrong from the Beginning Even in 1963 Dan Rather was a poor excuse for a newsman March 14 2005 The Weekly Standard Morning Record Dallas Students Cheer Shooting of Kennedy Dallas Morning Record Retrieved 20130110 Assignment China The Week that Changed the World Salmineo says 20060617 Dan Rather Reportedly Out At CBS The Moderate Voice Retrieved 20120604 Rathers Curtain Closer Courage CBS News 8 March 2005 httpwww newyorker commagazine20050307signoff Columbia Broadcasting System – The Museum of Broadcast Communications Museum tv Retrieved 20120604 Picture This Kerrigan Harding Meet by Accident Washingtonpost com 19940217 Retrieved 20120604 Dan Rather Will Not Go Away Quietly The Atlantic Wire 20120416 Retrieved 20120604 a b Richard Nixon QuestionandAnswer Session at the Annual Convention of the National Association of Broadcasters Houston Texas American Presidency Project March 19 1974 Mahler Julianne G 2009 Organizational Learning at NASA The Challenger and Columbia Accidents Washington DC Georgetown University Press pp 112–113 ISBN 9781589016026 JohnsonFreese Joan Roger Handberg 1997 Space the Dormant Frontier Changing the Paradigm for the 21st Century Greenwood Publishing Group p 88 Retrieved 22 August 2013 Hunter Stephen December 21 2007 Charlie Wilson Firing on All Cylinders The Washington Post p C01 Retrieved March 8 2008 Dowd Maureen January 11 2004 The Argyle General The New York Times Retrieved March 8 2008 Boyer Peter J 19880126 Rathers Questioning of Bush Sets Off Shouting on Live Broadcast The New York Times Retrieved 20081106 Persian Gulf Region Air University United States Air Force Saddam Hussein to debate George W Bush Anusha com 20030221 Retrieved 20120604 New Questions On Bush Guard Duty CBS News September 8 2004 Retrieved 20071011 What Blogs Have Wrought Weeklystandard com 20040927 Retrieved 20120604 Rather Defends CBS Over Memos on Bush The Washington Post September 10 2004 Memos on Bush Are Fake but Accurate Typist Says The New York Times CBS falls for Kerry campaigns fake memo Chicago SunTimes September 12 2004 Requires archive access Memmott Mark 20040913 – Amid criticism CBS stands by its reports Usatoday com Retrieved 20120604 Expert Cited by CBS Says He Didnt Authenticate Papers The Washington Post September 14 2004 Rather On The Document Errors CBS News September 20 2004 Dan Rather Statement On Memos CBS September 20 2004 Bloggers Freer Than Reporters Slate Jack Shafer April 8 2005 CBS ousts 4 over Bush Guard story MSNBC Retrieved 20120604 Thornburgh report leaves some questions unanswered Niemanwatchdog org Retrieved 20120604 Appendix 4 Panel Observations Peter Tytells Analysis of Typestyle Issues PDF CBS News Dan Rather to Step Down at CBS Anchors Decision Comes Amid Probe of Flawed Bush Report The Washington Post November 23 2004 Rather I was forced to step down Cnn com 20070921 Retrieved 20120604 Dan Rather files 70M suit against CBS Sept 19 2007 Martinez Jose September 29 2009 Appeals court tosses Dan Rathers 70M suit against CBS Daily News New York Appeals court dismisses Dan Rathers suit vs CBS Dan Rather Delivers Final Newscast CBS Anchor Signs Off After 24 Years Cdn emmys tv 20050310 Retrieved 20120604 a b NewsHour with Jim Lehrer 20060620 Dan Rather Leaves CBS PBS Retrieved 20120604 Sam Skolnik Demand solid news Rather urges Seattlepi com January 25 2006 David Bauder Dan Rather Signs Off CBS June 20 2006 Johnson Peter 20060615 Dan Rather will leave CBS after 44 years Usatoday Com Retrieved 20120604 Dana Rebecca 20060911 Fall In Scamps New York Observer Archived from the original on 20061022 Retrieved 20061107 a b Mashable man Dan Rather isnt the retiring type Associated Press 20150731 archived from the original on 20160428 retrieved 20160404 Dan Rather’s skills on display in ‘The Big Interview’ Lansing State Journal 20160118 retrieved 20160404 Sammy Hagar hits the road with Dan Rather USA Today 20160221 retrieved 20160404 Dan Rather has revealing conversation with Quentin Tarantino 20151124 retrieved 20160404 Aaron Sorkin Talks ‘West Wing’ ‘Newsroom’ In Premiere Of AXS TV Interview Series Video Deadline 20130912 retrieved 20160404 Simon Cowell on Dan Rathers The Big Interview Newsday Long Island 20140807 retrieved 20160404 Dan Rather headed to ‘Presents’ documentary series New York Post 20140416 retrieved 20160404 Dan Rather on The Secret Service Mark Cuban and Not Having ‘to Kiss Up to Anybody’ Ad Week 20141021 retrieved 20160404 Review of Dan Rather’s Documentary on International Adoption CreatingAFamily org 20141203 retrieved 20160404 Dan Rather helps put 2016 chaos into perspective MSNBC 20160314 retrieved 20160404 Dan Rather answers if the press failed MSNBC 20160329 retrieved 20160404 On CNN Dan Rather Says That Trumps Inflammatory Language Should Be Considered Inciting Violence Media Matters 20160316 retrieved 20160404 The Defining Challenge of the 21st Century The Huffington Post 20151211 retrieved 20160404 Dan Rather Journalists are failing us on gun violence Mashable 20120826 retrieved 20160404 Mashable man Dan Rather isnt the retiring type The Washington Post 20120511 retrieved 20160404 httpwww thedailybeast comhowdanratherbecametheonlygoodnewsmanonfacebook httpwww nbc comthetonightshowvideojimmyfalloninterviewsdanratheraboutfacebookanddonaldtrump3464425 Dan Rather Retorting Texas Monthly March 2005 Eggerton John 8 June 2008 Former CBS anchor lashes out at corporate news at media reform conference in Minneapolis Broadcasting & Cable Dan Rather Accepting the Paul White Award Archived from the original on August 6 2007 Retrieved August 6 2007 CS1 maint Unfit url link Radio Television Digital News Association Conference & Exhibition September 20 1997 Retrieved 20140527 Dan Rathers Liberal Bias Archive mrc org Retrieved 20120604 Dan Rather a pioneer and a lightning rod at The Christian Science Monitor Dropping the anchorman at The Economist Interview With Andy Rooney CNN June 5 2002 In Rush to Air CBS Quashed Memo Worries The Washington Post – September 19 2004 OReilly Bill December 4 2006 Dan Rather Owes FOX News an Apology FOX News Goldberg Bernard 2002 Bias A CBS Insider Exposes How the Media Distort the News Regnery Publishing ISBN 9780895261908 Rathers Retirement and Liberal Bias Fairness and Accuracy in Reporting 20050302 Retrieved 20081221 Hertsgaard 1988 p 167 Kurtz Howard 4 April 2001 Rather Spoke at Democratic Fundraiser The Washington Post p A1 Retrieved 22 September 2011 From the March 8 2005 edition of American Morning on CNN transcript Quoted in Vasquez Diego 20050307 Bittersweet solong for Dan Rather Media Life Magazine Retrieved 20090116 Dallas Students Cheer Shooting of Kennedy The Morning Record AP November 27 1963 Albin Krebs and David Bird November 11 1980 The Ride of Dan Rather The New York Times Albin Krebs and Robert McG Thomas February 28 1981 Rather Withdraws Charges Against Cab Driver The New York Times a b Woo Elaine January 12 2009 William W Vaughn dies at 78 lawyer defended Dan Rather in 83 slander case LA Time a b McFadden Robert D October 6 1986 Park Ave Assault on Rather Leaves Mystery as to Motive The New York Times Retrieved 21 April 2015 a b c Bruni Frank January 30 1997 Belatedly the Riddle of an Attack on Rather Is Solved The New York Times Retrieved 21 April 2015 No Doubt in Rather Case The New York Times November 5 2004 Strange story behind R E M ’s song What’s the Frequency Kenneth Morning Edition 20050310 Dan Rather Courage to the End NPR Retrieved 20120604 Boyer Peter J 19870913 Rather Walked Off Set of CBS News The New York Times CNN Crossfire discusses RatherBush Tiff on CBS YouTube 20101107 Retrieved 20120604 a b Goldberg Bernard 2001 Bias A CBS Insider Exposes How the Media Distort the News Dan Rather Makes Watermelon Quip in Depicting GOP Attacks on Obama Fox News March 8 2010 httpwww bbqfilm com Nixon Has a Burrito The Daily Show May 6 2009 Comedy Central httparchive sesameworkshop orgaboutuspressroompresskitsseason38parodydescriptions php Ariens Chris 20090618 Walter Cronkite Gravely Ill Mediabistro com Retrieved 20120604 TVRadio Notes CBS Evening News hits 10year ratings low Old postgazette com 20030705 Retrieved 20120604 Hall Jane 19870810 Taking the Heat for Sagging Ratings CBS Anchor Dan Rather Is Toughing It Out in Last Place People Retrieved 20120604 Further readingedit Dan Rather Digby Diehl 2012 Rather outspoken my life in the news Grand Central Pub ISBN 9781455502417 OCLC 756584260 Leonard Downie Robert G Kaiser 2003 The news about the news American journalism in peril Vintage ISBN 9780375714153 Hertsgaard Mark 1988 On Bended Knee The Press and the Reagan Presidency Farrar Straus & Giroux ISBN 9780374251970 Rather Dan The Palace Guard with Gary Gates Dan Rather Mickey Hershkowitz 19840202 The Camera Never Blinks Adventures of a TV Journalist Ballantine Books ISBN 9780345318336 OCLC 444864709 Rather Dan I Remember with Peter Wyden Rather Dan with Herskowitz Mickey The Camera Never Blinks Twice 1995 William Morrow Dan Rather 19990602 Deadlines and datelines William Morrow & Co ISBN 9780688165666 Peter J Boyer 19890415 Who killed CBS the undoing of Americas number one news network St Martins Press ISBN 9780312915315 2nd Saddam interview External linksedit Dan Rathers Personal Website Dan Rather at Encyclopædia Britannica Dan Rather on IMDb Dan Rather interview video at the Archive of American Television Appearances on CSPAN Media offices Preceded byWalter Cronkite CBS Evening News anchorMarch 9 1981 – March 9 2005coanchor with Connie Chung 1993–1995 Succeeded byBob Schieffer