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Django Unchained - Wikipedia Django Unchained is a 2012 American revisionist Western film written and directed by Quentin Tarantino, starring Jamie Foxx, Christoph Waltz, Leonardo DiCaprio, Kerry ...
Django Unchained - Wikipedia This article is about the 2012 film directed by Quentin Tarantino starring Jamie Foxx A Man Called Django For the 1966 film directed by Sergio Corbucci see Django 1966 film Django Unchained is a 2012 American revisionist Western film written and directed by Quentin Tarantino starring Jamie Foxx Christoph Waltz Leonardo DiCaprio Kerry Washington and Samuel L Jackson with Walton Goggins Dennis Christopher James Remar Michael Parks and Don Johnson in supporting roles Set in the Old West and Antebellum South it is a highly stylized tribute to Spaghetti Westerns in particular the 1966 Italian film Django by Sergio Corbucci whose star Franco Nero has a cameo appearance Development of Django Unchained began in 2007 when Tarantino was writing a book on Sergio Corbucci By April 2011 Tarantino sent his final draft of the script to The Weinstein Company Casting began in the summer of 2011 with Michael K Williams and Will Smith being considered for the role of the title character before Foxx was cast Principal photography took place from November 2011 to March 2012 in California Wyoming and Louisiana Django Unchained premiered at the Ziegfeld Theatre in New York City on December 11 2012 and was released on December 25 2012 in the United States The film was nominated for several film industry awards including five Academy Awards Waltz won several awards for his performance among them Best Supporting Actor at the Golden Globes BAFTAs and Academy Awards Tarantino won an Academy Award a Golden Globe and a BAFTA award for writing the films original screenplay The film grossed over 425 million worldwide in theaters against its 100 million budget making it Tarantinos highestgrossing theatrical release Contents 1 Plot 2 Cast 3 Production 3 1 Development 3 2 Casting 3 3 Costume design 3 4 Filming 4 Music 5 Release 5 1 Box office 5 2 Home media 6 Reception 6 1 Critical and scholarly response 6 2 Top ten lists 6 3 Objections to specific elements of the film 6 3 1 Portrayal and descriptions of AfricanAmericans and slavery 6 3 2 Use of violence 6 3 3 Historical inaccuracies 6 4 Accolades 7 Comic book adaptation 8 Potential future projects 8 1 Miniseries 8 2 Novels 8 3 Crossover 9 Alleged copyright infringement 10 See also 11 References 12 External links In 1858 Texas the Speck brothers Ace and Dicky drive a group of black slaves on foot Among the shackled slaves is Django sold off and separated from his wife Broomhilda von Shaft The Speck brothers are stopped by Dr King Schultz a German dentistturnedbounty hunter from Düsseldorf who asks to buy one of the slaves He questions Django about his knowledge of the Brittle brothers a group of outlaws for whom Dr Schultz is carrying a warrant When Ace becomes suspicious Dr Schultz a superior gunslinger kills Ace with a fast draw then shoots Dickys horse pinning Dicky to the ground and crushing his leg Dr Schultz insists on honorably paying Dicky a fair price for Django before leaving him at the mercy of the newlyfreed slaves who kill him and follow the North Star to freedom As Django can identify the Brittle brothers Dr Schultz offers him his freedom in exchange for help tracking them down After tracking and killing the Brittles to a plantation in Tennessee owned by the wealthy Spencer Bennett the liberated Django partners with Dr Schultz through the winter and becomes his apprentice Later that evening the duo are hunted by Spencer Bennett and a large gang of white supremacists a reference to the early Ku Klux Klan but Dr Schultz deceives and kills most of his gang with an explosive in their carriage and Django kills Bennett himself Dr Schultz explains that he feels responsible for Django since Django is the first person he has ever freed and felt morally obliged to help Django reunite with Broomhilda Now fully trained Django collects his first bounty keeping the handbill for good luck In 1859 Django and Dr Schultz travel to Mississippi where they learn the identity of Broomhildas owner Calvin J Candie the charming but cruel owner of the Candyland plantation where slaves are forced to fight to the death in brutal wrestling matches called Mandingo fights Dr Schultz and Django meet Calvin at his gentlemans club in Greenville and submit their offer to buy one of his best fighters however this is a pretense Their ulterior motive is to purchase Broomhilda Intrigued Calvin invites them to his ranch at Candyland During the ride to Candyland they come across a group of Calvins slave trackers cornering one of Calvins Mandingo fighters Dartagnan who tried to run away due to no longer wanting to fight Calvin says that because he bought Dartagnan for 500 Dartagnan who has only fought three times must fight at least five times When Django and Dr Schultz offer to reimburse Calvin and then change their minds Calvin has his chief tracker Mr Stonecipher unleash several attack dogs that tear Dartagnan to pieces After finding Broomhilda and telling her of their plan Dr Schultz claims to be charmed by her and offers to buy her as well During dinner Calvins staunchly loyal house slave Stephen becomes suspicious Deducing that Django and Broomhilda know each other and that the sale of the Mandingo fighter is a ruse Stephen alerts Calvin who alters the deal so that Broomhilda will be sold instead of the Mandingo fighter Dr Schultz agrees and the papers for her freedom are drawn up and signed Calvin smugly insists that the deal be sealed through a handshake which Dr Schultz refuses When Calvin threatens to have his bodyguard Butch Pooch kill Broomhilda Dr Schultz who has finally had enough of Calvins cruelty and still thinking about Dartagnans death kills Calvin by shooting him in the heart with his concealed derringer As Stephen mourns over his masters death Butch turns around and kills Dr Schultz by shooting him with his sawedoff shotgun and is killed by Django in turn with his own revolver A shootout begins and Django shoots down a great number of Calvins henchmen before surrendering when Broomhilda is taken hostage The next morning Stephen tells Django that Calvins sister Lara Lee CandieFitzwilly is in charge now and he will be sold to a mine and worked to death En route to the mine Django proves to his escorts that he is a bounty hunter by showing them his handbill The escorts release him and give him a revolver which he immediately uses to kill them before stealing a horse and returning to Candyland with a bag of dynamite At the plantation Django kills more of Calvins henchmen including Mr Stonecipher and all the other trackers takes Broomhildas freedom papers from the dead Dr Schultzs pocket and frees his wife from a nearby cabin When Calvins mourners return from his burial Django kills Lara and the remaining henchmen releases the two remaining house slaves and kneecaps Stephen before igniting the dynamite that he has planted throughout the mansion Django and Broomhilda watch from a distance as the mansion explodes killing Stephen before they ride off together Jamie Foxx Christoph Waltz Kerry Washington and Samuel L Jackson in Paris at the films France premiere January 2013 Jamie Foxx as Django Freeman Christoph Waltz as Dr King Schultz Leonardo DiCaprio as Monsieur Calvin J Candie Kerry Washington as Broomhilda Hildi von Shaft Samuel L Jackson as Stephen Don Johnson as Spencer Big Daddy Bennett Walton Goggins as Billy Crash James Remar as Ace Speck and Butch Pooch Dennis Christopher as Leonide Leo Moguy James Russo as Dicky Speck David Steen as Mr Stonecipher Tom Wopat as U S Marshal Gill Tatum Dana Gourrier as Cora Nichole Galicia as Sheba Laura Cayouette as Lara Lee CandieFitzwilly Ato Essandoh as DArtagnan Sammi Rotibi as Rodney Clay Donahue as Fontenot Escalante Lundy as Big Fred Miriam F Glover as Betina Quentin Tarantino as Frankie Omar J Dorsey as Chicken Charlie Franco Nero as Amerigo Vessepi Other roles include Russ Tamblyn as Son of a Gunfighter Amber Tamblyn as Daughter of a Son of a Gunfighter Don Stroud as Sheriff Bill Sharp Bruce Dern as Old Man Carrucan M C Gainey as Big John Brittle Cooper Huckabee as Lil Raj Brittle Doc Duhame as Ellis Brittle Jonah Hill as Bag Head 2 a member of a Ku Klux Klanlike group Lee Horsley as Sheriff Gus Snowy Snow Rex Linn as Tennessee Harry Misty Upham as Minnie Danièle Watts as Coco and Clay Donahue Fontenot as Luigi Zoë Bell Michael Bowen Robert Carradine Jake Garber Ted Neeley James Parks and Tom Savini play Candyland trackers while Michael Parks and John Jarratt alongside Tarantino himself in a cameo appearance as Frankie play the LeQuint Dickey Mining Company employees Productionedit Developmentedit Tarantino in Paris at the films French premiere January 2013 In 2007 Tarantino discussed an idea for a type of Spaghetti Western set in the United States preCivil War Deep South He called this type of film a southern stating that he wanted to do movies that deal with Americas horrible past with slavery and stuff but do them like spaghetti westerns not like big issue movies I want to do them like theyre genre films but they deal with everything that America has never dealt with because its ashamed of it and other countries dont really deal with because they dont feel they have the right to 4 Tarantino later explained the genesis of the idea I was writing a book about Sergio Corbucci when I came up with a way to tell the story I was writing about how his movies have this evil Wild West a horrible Wild West It was surreal it dealt a lot with fascism So Im writing this whole piece on this and Im thinking I dont really know if Sergio was thinking this while he was doing this But I know Im thinking it now And I can do it 5 Tarantino finished the script on April 26 2011 and handed in the final draft to The Weinstein Company 6 In October 2012 frequent Tarantino collaborator RZA said that he and Tarantino had intended to cross over Django Unchained with RZAs Tarantinopresented martialarts film The Man with the Iron Fists The crossover would have seen a younger version of the blacksmith character from RZAs film appear as a slave in an auction However scheduling conflicts prevented RZAs participation 7 One inspiration for the film is Corbuccis 1966 spaghetti western Django whose star Franco Nero has a cameo appearance in Django Unchained 8 Another inspiration is the 1975 film Mandingo about a slave trained to fight other slaves 9 Tarantino included scenes in the snow as a homage to The Great Silence 10 Silenzio takes place in the snow I liked the action in the snow so much Django Unchained has a big snow section in the middle Tarantino said in an interview 10 The title Django Unchained alludes to the titles of the 1966 Corbucci film Django Hercules Unchained the American title for the 1959 Italian epic fantasy film Ercole e la regina di Lidia about the mythical heros escape from enslavement to a wicked master and to Angel Unchained the 1970 American biker film about a biker exacting revenge on a large group of rednecks 1112 Castingedit Among those considered for the title role of Django Michael K Williams and Will Smith were mentioned as possibilities but in the end Jamie Foxx was cast in the role 1314 Smith later said he turned down the role because it wasnt the lead 15Tyrese Gibson sent in an audition tape as the character 16Franco Nero the original Django from the 1966 Italian film was rumored for the role of Calvin Candie17 but instead was given a cameo appearance as a minor character Nero suggested that he play a mysterious horseman who haunts Django in visions and is revealed in an ending flashback to be Djangos father Tarantino opted not to use the idea 18Kevin Costner was in negotiations to join as Ace Woody19 a Mandingo trainer and Candies righthand man but Costner dropped out due to scheduling conflicts 20Kurt Russell was cast instead21 but also later left the role 22 When Kurt Russell dropped out the role of Ace Woody was not recast instead the character was merged with Walton Gogginss character Billy Crash 23 Jonah Hill was offered the role of Scotty Harmony a gambler who loses Broomhilda to Candie in a poker game24 but turned it down due to scheduling conflicts with The Watch 2526Sacha Baron Cohen was also offered the role but declined in order to appear in Les Misérables Neither Scotty nor the poker game appear in the final cut of the film 24 Hill later appeared in the film in a different role 27Joseph GordonLevitt said that he would have loved loved to have been in the film but would be unable to appear because of a prior commitment to direct his first film Don Jon 28 Costume designedit Djangos valet costume was inspired by Thomas Gainsboroughs 1770 oil painting The Blue Boy In a January 2013 interview with Vanity Fair costume designer Sharen Davis said much of the films wardrobe was inspired by spaghetti westerns and other works of art For Djangos wardrobe Davis and Tarantino watched the television series Bonanza and referred to it frequently The pair even hired the hatmaker who designed the hat worn by the Bonanza character Little Joe played by Michael Landon Davis described Djangos look as a rocknroll take on the character Djangos sunglasses were inspired by Charles Bronsons character in The White Buffalo 1977 Davis used Thomas Gainsboroughs 1770 oil painting The Blue Boy as a reference for Djangos valet outfit 29 In the final scene Broomhilda wears a dress similar to that of Ida Gallis character in Blood for a Silver Dollar 1965 Davis said the idea of Calvin Candies costume came partly from Rhett Butler and that Don Johnsons signature Miami Vice look inspired Big Daddys creamcolored linen suit in the film King Schultzs faux chinchilla coat was inspired by Telly Savalas in Kojak Davis also revealed that many of her costume ideas did not make the final cut of the film leaving some unexplained characters such as Zoë Bells tracker who was intended to drop her bandana to reveal an absent jaw 29 Filmingedit Principal photography for Django Unchained started in California in November 201130 continuing in Wyoming in February 201231 and at the National Historic Landmark Evergreen Plantation in Wallace Louisiana outside of New Orleans in March 2012 32 The film was shot in the anamorphic format on 35 mm film 33 Although originally scripted a subplot centering on Zoë Bells masked tracker was cut and remained unfilmed due to time constraints 34 After 130 shooting days the film wrapped up principal photography in July 2012 35 Django Unchained was the first Tarantino film not edited by Sally Menke who died in 2010 Editing duties were instead handled by Fred Raskin who had worked as an assistant editor on Tarantinos Kill Bill 36 Raskin was nominated for a BAFTA Award for Best Editing but lost to William Goldenberg for his work on Argo Main article Django Unchained soundtrack The film features both original and existing music tracks Tracks composed specifically for the film include 100 Black Coffins by Rick Ross and produced by and featuring Jamie Foxx Who Did That To You by John Legend Ancora Qui by Ennio Morricone and Elisa and Freedom by Anthony Hamilton and Elayna Boynton 37 The theme Django was also the theme song of the 1966 film 38 Musician Frank Ocean wrote an original song for the films soundtrack but it was rejected by Tarantino who explained that Ocean wrote a fantastic ballad that was truly lovely and poetic in every way there just wasnt a scene for it 39 Frank Ocean later published the song entitled Wiseman on his Tumblr blog The film also features a few famous pieces of western classical music including Beethovens Für Elise and Dies Irae from Verdis Requiem Tarantino has stated that he avoids using full scores of original music I just dont like the idea of giving that much power to anybody on one of my movies 4041 The films soundtrack album was released on December 18 2012 37 Ennio Morricone made statements criticizing Tarantinos use of his music in Django Unchained and stated that he would never work with the director after this film42 but later agreed to compose an original film score for Tarantinos The Hateful Eight in 2015 In a scholarly essay on the films music Hollis Robbins notes that the vast majority of film music borrowings come from films made between 1966 and 1974 and argues that the political and musical resonances of these allusions situate Django Unchained squarely in the Vietnam and Watergate era during the rise and decline of Black Power cinema 43Jim Croces hit I Got A Name was featured in the soundtrack Releaseedit The first teaser poster was inspired by a fanart poster by Italian artist Federico Mancosu His artwork was published in May 2011 a few days after the synopsis and the official title were released to the public In August 2011 at Tarantinos request the production companies bought the concept artwork from Mancosu to use for promotional purposes as well as on the crew passes and clothing for staff during filming 44 Django Unchained was released on December 25 2012 in the United States by The Weinstein Company and released on January 18 2013 by Sony Pictures Releasing in the United Kingdom 4546 The film was screened for the first time at the Directors Guild of America on December 1 2012 with additional screening events having been held for critics leading up to the films wide release 47 The premiere of Django Unchained was delayed by one week following the shooting at an elementary school in Newtown Connecticut on December 14 2012 48 The film was released on March 22 2013 by Sony Pictures in India 49 In March 2013 Django Unchained was announced to be the first Tarantino film approved for official distribution in Chinas strictly controlled film market 50 Lily Kuo writing for Quartz wrote that the film depicts one of Americas darker periods when slavery was legal which Chinese officials like to use to push back against criticism from the United States 51 The film was released in China on May 12 2013 52 Box officeedit After a total of 143 days the film ended its American theatrical run on May 16 2013 with a gross of 162805434 in North America 53 It grossed 262562804 in foreign countries including 51597323 of Germany 37297979 of France and 24893462 of the United Kingdom making a worldwide total gross of 425368238 3 As of 2013 Django Unchained became Tarantinos highestgrossing film surpassing his 2009 film Inglourious Basterds which grossed 321 4 million worldwide 54 Home mediaedit The film was released on DVD Bluray and Digital Download on April 16 2013 55 In the United States the film has grossed 31939733 from DVD sales and 30286838 from Bluray sales making a total of 62226571 56 Receptionedit Critical and scholarly responseedit On Rotten Tomatoes the film has an approval rating of 87 based on 255 reviews and an average rating of 810 The sites critical consensus reads Bold bloody and stylistically daring Django Unchained is another incendiary masterpiece from Quentin Tarantino 57Metacritic which assigns a weighted average score to reviews from mainstream critics gives the film a score of 81 out of 100 based on 42 reviews indicating universal acclaim 58 Roger Ebert of the Chicago SunTimes gave the film four stars out of four and said The film offers one sensational sequence after another all set around these two intriguing characters who seem opposites but share pragmatic financial and personal issues Ebert also added had I not been prevented from seeing it sooner because of an injury this would have been on my years best films list 59Peter Bradshaw film critic for The Guardian awarded the film five stars writing I can only say Django delivers wholesale that particular narcotic and delirious pleasure that Tarantino still knows how to confect in the cinema something to do with the manipulation of surfaces Its as unwholesome deplorable and delicious as a forbidden cigarette 9 Writing in The New York Times critic A O Scott compared Django to Tarantinos earlier Inglourious Basterds Like Inglourious Basterds Django Unchained is crazily entertaining brazenly irresponsible and also ethically serious in a way that is entirely consistent with its playfulness Designating the film a Times critics pick Scott said Django is a troubling and important movie about slavery and racism 60 Filmmaker Michael Moore praised Django tweeting that the movie is one of the best film satires ever A rare American movie on slavery and the origins of our sick racist history 61 To the contrary Owen Gleiberman film critic for the Entertainment Weekly wrote Django isnt nearly the film that Inglourious was Its less clever and it doesnt have enough major characters – or enough of Tarantinos trademark structural ingenuity – to earn its twohourand45minute running time 62 In his review for the Indy Week David Fellerath wrote Django Unchained shows signs that Tarantino did little research beyond repeated viewings of Sergio Corbuccis 1966 spaghetti Western Django and a blaxploitation from 1975 called Boss Nigger written by and starring Fred Williamson 63New Yorkers Anthony Lane was disturbed by their Tarantinos fans yelps of triumphant laughter at the screening I attended as a white woman was blown away by Djangos guns 64 An entire issue of the academic journal Safundi was devoted to Django Unchainedcitation needed Django Unchained and the Global Western featuring scholars who contextualize Tarantinos film as a classic western Dana Phillips writes Tarantinos film is immensely entertaining not despite but because it is so very audaciouseven at times downright lurid thanks to its treatment of slavery race relations and that staple of the Western violence No doubt these are matters that another director would have handled more delicately and with less stylistic excess than Tarantino who has never been bashful Another director also would have been less willing to proclaim his film the first in a new genre the Southern 65 Top ten listsedit Django Unchained was listed on many critics top ten lists 66 1st – Amy Nicholson Movieline 1st – Chase Whale Twitch Film 2nd – Mick LaSalle San Francisco Chronicle 2nd – Drew McWeeny Hitfix 2nd – Michelle Orange The Village Voice 2nd – Nathan Rabin The A V Club 2nd – Betsy Sharkey Los Angeles Times tied with Lincoln 3rd – Richard Jameson MSN Movies 3rd – Alan Scherstuhl The Village Voice 4th – Mark Mohan The Oregonian 4th – Joe Neumaier New York Daily News 4th – James Rocchi MSN Movies 4th – Kristopher Tapley HitFix 4th – Drew Taylor & Caryn James Indiewire 5th The Huffington Post 5th – David Ehrlich Movies com 5th – Scott Foundas The Village Voice 5th – Wesley Morris The Boston Globe 6th – James Berardinelli Reelviews 6th – Lisa Kennedy Denver Post 6th – Kat Murphy MSN Movies 6th – Richard Roeper Chicago SunTimes 6th – Mike Scott The TimesPicayune 7th – Drew Hunt Chicago Reader 7th – A O Scott The New York Times 8th – Ty Burr The Boston Globe 9th – Todd McCarthy The Hollywood Reporter 10th – Karina Longworth The Village Voice 10th – Joshua Rothkopf Time Out New York 10th – Marlow Stern The Daily Beast 10th – Peter Travers Rolling Stone Top 10 ranked alphabetically – Claudia Puig USA Today Top 10 ranked alphabetically – Joe Williams St Louis PostDispatch Top 10 ranked alphabetically – Stephanie Zacharek Film com Objections to specific elements of the filmedit Portrayal and descriptions of AfricanAmericans and slaveryedit Some commentators have felt that the films heavy usage of the word nigger is inappropriate affecting them to an even greater extent than the depicted violence against the slaves 67 Other reviewers68 have defended the usage of the language in the historic context of race and slavery in the United States 69 Filmmaker Spike Lee in an interview with Vibe said he would not see the film explaining All Im going to say is that its disrespectful to my ancestors Thats just me Im not speaking on behalf of anybody else 70 Lee later wrote American slavery was not a Sergio Leone Spaghetti Western It was a Holocaust My ancestors are slaves stolen from Africa I will honor them 71Louis Farrakhan the leader of the Nation of Islam interpreted the movie as preparation for race war 72 Actor and activist Jesse Williams has contrasted accuracy of the racist language used in the film with what he sees as the films lack of accuracy about the general lives of slaves too often portrayed as welldressed Negresses in flowing gowns frolicking on swings and enjoying leisurely strolls through the grounds as if the setting is Versailles mixed in with occasional acts of barbarism against slaves That authenticity card that Tarantino uses to buy all those niggers has an awfully selective memory 73 He also criticizes the lack of solidarity between slave characters and their general lack of a will to escape from slavery with Django as the notable exception 73 Wesley Morris of The Boston Globe compared Samuel L Jacksons Stephen character to black Republicans like Clarence Thomas or Herman Cain 74 Samuel L Jackson said that he believed his character to have the same moral compass as Clarence Thomas does 75 Jackson defended heavy use of the word nigger Saying Tarantino said nigger too many times is like complaining they said kyke sic too many times in a movie about Nazis 76 The review by Jesse Williams notes however that these antisemitic terms were not used nearly as frequently in Tarantinos film about Nazis Inglourious Basterds suggesting the Jewish community would not have accepted it 73 Marc Lamont Hill a professor at Columbia University compared the fugitive ex–Los Angeles police officer Christopher Dorner to a reallife Django saying Its almost like watching Django Unchained in real life Its kind of exciting 77 Writing in the Los Angeles Times journalist Erin Aubry Kaplan noted the difference between Tarantinos Jackie Brown and Django Unchained It is an institution whose horrors need no exaggerating yet Django does exactly that either to enlighten or entertain A white director slinging around the nword in a homage to 70s blaxploitation à la Jackie Brown is one thing but the same director turning the savageness of slavery into pulp fiction is quite another 78 While hosting NBCs Saturday Night Live Jamie Foxx joked about being excited to kill all the white people in the movie 79 Conservative columnist Jeff Kuhner wrote a reaction to the SNL skit for The Washington Times saying Antiwhite bigotry has become embedded in our postmodern culture Take Django Unchained The movie boils down to one central theme the white man as devila moral scourge who must be eradicated like a lethal virus 80 Use of violenceedit Some reviews criticized the film for being too violent 81 The originally planned premiere of Django was postponed following the Sandy Hook school shooting on December 14 2012 82Thomas Frank criticized the films use of violence as follows Not surprisingly Quentin Tarantino has lately become the focus for this sort of criticism about the relationship between the movies and acts of violence The fact that Django Unchained arrived in theaters right around the time of the Sandy Hook massacre didnt help Yet he has refused to give an inch in discussing the link between movie violence and real life Obviously I dont think one has to do with the other Movies are about makebelieve Its about imagination Part of the thing is trying to create a realistic experience but we are faking it Is it possible that anyone in our cynical world credits a selfserving sophistry like this Of course an industry under fire will claim that its hands are clean just as the NRA has done – and of course a favorite son be it Tarantino or LaPierre can be counted on to make the claim louder than anyone else But do they really believe that imaginative expression is without consequence83 The Independent said the movie was part of the new sadism in cinema and added There is something disconcerting about sitting in a crowded cinema as an audience guffaws at the latest garroting or falls about in hysterics as someone is beheaded or has a limb lopped off 84 Adam Serwer from Mother Jones said Django like many Tarantino films also has been criticized as cartoonishly violent but it is only so when Django is killing slave owners and overseers The violence against slaves is always appropriately terrifying This if nothing else puts Django in the running for Tarantinos best film the first one in which he discovers violence as horror rather than just spectacle When Schultz turns his head away from a slave being torn apart by dogs Django explains to Calvin Candiethe plantation owner played by Leo DiCapriothat Schultz just isnt used to Americans 85 Historical inaccuraciesedit Although Tarantino has said about Mandingo fighting I was always aware those things existed there is no definitive historical evidence that slave owners ever staged gladiatorlike fights to the death between male slaves like the fight depicted in the movie 8687 Historian Edna Greene Medford notes that there are only undocumented rumors that such fights took place 88 David Blight the director of Yales center for the study of slavery said it was not a matter of moral or ethical reservations that prevented slave owners from pitting slaves against each other in combat but rather economic selfinterest slave owners would not have wanted to put their substantial financial investments at risk in gladiatorial battles 8687 The nonhistorical term Mandingo for a fine fighting or breeding slave comes not from Tarantino but the earlier film Mandingo 89 Writing in The New Yorker William Jelani Cobb observed that Tarantinos occasional historical elasticity sometimes worked to the films advantage There are moments Cobb wrote where this convex history works brilliantly like when Tarantino depicts the Ku Klux Klan a decade prior to its actual formation in order to thoroughly ridicule its members veiled racism 90 However Tarantino upholds that the masked marauders depicted in the film were not the KKK but a group known as The Regulators They were depicted as spiritual forebears of the later postcivil war KKK and not as the actual KKK 9192 On the matter of historical accuracy Christopher Caldwell wrote in the Financial Times Of course we must not mistake a feature film for a public television documentary pointing out that the film should be treated as entertainment not as a historical account of the time period it is set in Django uses slavery the way a pornographic film might use a nurses convention as a pretext for what is really meant to entertain us What is really meant to entertain us in Django is violence 93 Richard Brody however wrote in The New Yorker that Tarantinos vision of slaverys monstrosity is historically accurate Tarantino rightly depicts slavery as no mere administrative ownership but a grievous and monstrous infliction of cruelty 94 Also a copy of the bust of the Egyptian queen Nefertiti is displayed in the foyer of The Cleopatra Club The film is set in the 1850s however the bust wasnt discovered until 1912 Accoladesedit Main article List of accolades received by Django Unchained Django Unchained garnered several awards and nominations The American Film Institute named it one of their Top Ten Movies of the Year in December 2012 95 The film received five Golden Globe Award nominations including Best Picture and Best Director and Best Screenplay for Tarantino Tarantino won an Academy Award for Best Original Screenplay 9697 Christoph Waltz received the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor the Golden Globe Award for Best Supporting Actor and the BAFTA Award for Best Supporting Actor his second time receiving all three awards having previously won for his role in Tarantinos Inglourious Basterds 9899100 The NAACP Image Awards gave the film four nominations while the National Board of Review named DiCaprio their Best Supporting Actor 101102Django Unchained earned a nomination for Best Theatrical Motion Picture from the Producers Guild of America 103 Comic book adaptationedit DC Comics Django Unchained February 2013104105 Potential future projectsedit Miniseriesedit Tarantino has said in an interview that he has 90 minutes of unused material and considered reediting Django Unchained into a fourhour fournight cable miniseries Tarantino said that breaking the story into four parts would be more satisfying to audiences than a fourhour movie it wouldnt be an endurance test It would be a miniseries And people love those 106 Novelsedit The story which became the directors followup film The Hateful Eight was first attempted as a paperback novel sequel to Django Unchained titled Django in White Hell Tarantino decided however that the characters established morals did not fit the tone of the developing story so he began rewriting it as an original screenplay with no connection to the earlier film 107 He has expressed a desire to write a series of Django sequel novels 108 Crossoveredit Sony is planning on a DjangoZorro crossover movie which currently exists in the form of a comic book by Dynamite Entertainment 109110 In the 2014 film A Million Ways to Die in the West Django is seen shooting the proprietor of a racially charged shooting game saying people die at the fair Despite his appearance the film has no serious connection with Tarantino film and is used mostly for parody and humor Alleged copyright infringementedit In December 2015 a 100 million lawsuit was filed against Tarantino by filmmakers Oscar Colvin Jr and Torrance J Colvin who claimed that the script for Django Unchained bears extensive similarities to their film titled Freedom The lawsuit was filed in a federal court in Washington DC 111112 On January 24 2017 the lawsuit was dismissed 113 See alsoedit List of films featuring slavery Damsel in distress White savior narrative in film Referencesedit a b c d Django Unchained AFI Catalog of Feature Films Retrieved July 23 2017 DJANGO UNCHAINED 18 British Board of Film Classification December 17 2012 Retrieved December 17 2012 a b c Django Unchained 2012 Box Office Mojo Internet Movie Database Retrieved January 25 2013 Hiscock John April 27 2007 Quentin Tarantino Im proud of my flop The Daily Telegraph London Retrieved April 16 2012 Franich Darren July 14 2012 Django Unchained ComicCon panel Tarantino talks links to other movies Don Johnson talks Foghorn Leghorn Entertainment Weekly Retrieved January 8 2013 Child Ben May 5 2011 Tarantinos Django Unchained script The word is out The Guardian London Retrieved September 16 2012 Lyttleton Oliver October 22 2012 RZA Would Have Played His Character From The Man with the Iron Fists In Django Unchained IndieWIRE Archived from the original on October 26 2012 Retrieved October 26 2012 Child Ben June 7 2012 Django Unchained trailer will Tarantino be a slave to the dialogue The Guardian London Retrieved August 12 2012 a b Bradshaw Peter December 12 2012 Django Unchained – first look review The Guardian London Retrieved December 12 2012 a b Edwards Gavin December 30 2012 Quentin Tarantino my inspiration for Django Unchained The Guardian London Retrieved December 30 2012 Zach Baron December 21 2012 Cinemetrics Quentin Tarantinos History Lesson The hilarious but painfully dark truths of Django Unchained Grantland com Pack Howery December 26 2012 In honor of Django Unchained a look at a dozen spaghetti Westerns worth your time&39 Dallas Morning News Archived from the original on January 5 2013 Retrieved January 9 2013 Dwyer Sean June 22 2011 Will Smith Out Jamie Foxx in for Django Unchained FilmJunk com Retrieved February 2 2012 Eisenberg Eric November 16 2011 Michael K Williams Cant Do Django Unchained Has A Role in Snitch with the Rock Cinema Blend Retrieved December 25 2012 Will Smith on why he rejected Django 3 News NZ March 26 2013 Jagernauth Kevin February 3 2014 Watch Tyrese Gibsons 6Minute Audition Tape For The Role Of Django In Quentin Tarantinos Django Unchained The Playlist IndieWire Retrieved April 13 2014 Laster Ryan May 6 2011 Quentin Tarantino wants Will Smith for lead in DJANGO UNCHAINED If Its Movies Archived from the original on May 10 2011 Retrieved February 2 2012 Lyman Eric J January 1 2013 Original Django Franco Nero on His Iconic Character and the Films Legacy Q&A The Hollywood Reporter A Man Called Django Retrieved January 30 2013 Franklin Garth July 18 2011 Kevin Costner Joins Tarantinos Unchained Dark Horizons Archived from the original on January 2 2013 Retrieved February 2 2012 Enk Brian September 15 2011 Kevin Costner Frees Himself From Django Unchained NextMovie com Retrieved February 2 2012 Yamato Jen September 30 2011 Kurt Russell to Replace Kevin Costner in Tarantinos Django Unchained Movieline com Retrieved February 2 2012 Child Ben May 11 2012 Sacha Baron Cohen and Kurt Russell leave Django Unchained The Guardian London Retrieved June 12 2012 Rich Katey May 10 2012 Walton Goggins Will Absorb Kurt Russells Role in Django Unchained CinemaBlend com Retrieved August 3 2012 a b The Deadline Team December 27 2012 OSCARS Q&A Sacha Baron Cohen Deadline com Retrieved January 16 2012 Virtel Louis November 10 2011 Jonah Hill was Offered a Part in Tarantinos Django Unchained But Movieline com Retrieved February 2 2012 Holmes Matt November 11 2011 Jonah Hill Turned Down Quentin Tarantinos DJANGO UNCHAINED What Colture Obsessed with Film LTD Archived from the original on November 3 2013 Retrieved February 2 2012 Goldberg Matt June 15 2012 Jonah Hill Joins Django Unchained Collider com Archived from the original on June 17 2012 Retrieved June 17 2012 OConnell Sean Joseph GordonLevitt Exits Django Unchained Opts To Direct His Own Film Instead ScreenCrush com Retrieved April 5 2012 a b Hanel Marnie January 4 2013 From Sketch to Still The SpaghettiWestern Wit of Sharen Daviss Django Unchained Costumes Vanity Fair Retrieved January 8 2013 Sandle Tim January 27 2012 Django Unchained new Tarantino movie begins shooting DigitalJournal com Retrieved January 27 2012 Tarantino wraps up Wyoming filming for new movie The Washington Times Associated Press February 15 2012 Retrieved February 7 2013 Christine February 25 2012 Quentin Tarantinos Django Unchained begins filming at the Evergreen Plantation in Louisiana on Monday OnLocationsVacations com Retrieved March 20 2012 Nicoletti Karen February 24 2012 Oscar Chat A Conversation With Best Cinematography Nominees Jeff Cronenweth and Robert Richardson Movieline com Retrieved April 11 2012 Fox Jesse David January 28 2012 Zoe Bell Explains What Was Up With Her Masked Character From Django Unchained Vulture Retrieved January 28 2012 Thompson Anne July 25 2012 Tarantino Officially Wraps Django Unchained Hits the Editing Room IndieWire Retrieved December 1 2012 Chitwood Adam November 16 2011 Quentin Tarantino May Have Found His Editor and Director of Photography for Django Unchained Collider com Retrieved September 15 2012 a b Django Unchained Soundtrack Details Film Music Reporter November 28 2012 Retrieved December 1 2012 Quentin Tarantino discusses the music of Django Unchained Los Angeles Times Retrieved January 18 2015 Quentin Tarantino reveals why Frank Ocean was scrapped from Django Unchained soundtrack NME December 1 2012 Retrieved December 1 2012 Milian Mark August 22 2009 Quentin Tarantinos method behind Inglourious Basterds soundtrack mixtape Los Angeles Times Retrieved December 10 2012 Mayrand Alain October 29 2009 Tarantino on Composers WordPress Getting the Score Retrieved December 10 2012 Italian Composer Ennio Morricone Ill Never Work With Tarantino Again hollywoodreporter com Retrieved 20140101 “Django Unchained Repurposing Western Film Music ” Safundi the Journal of South African and American Studies 163 August 2015 280290 Django Unchained Poster by Federico Mancosu FedericoMancosu com Retrieved November 14 2012 Reynolds Simon June 6 2012 Django Unchained trailer to premiere tonight Digital Spy Retrieved June 6 2012 Chitwood Adam June 6 2012 First Trailer for Quentin Tarantinos Django Unchained Collider com Retrieved June 6 2012 Breznican Anthony December 2 2012 First Oscars Academy hopefuls turn out at honorary Governors Awards Entertainment Weekly Retrieved December 3 2012 Child Ben December 18 2012 Django Unchained premiere cancelled after Connecticut shooting The Guardian London Retrieved December 26 2012 Rashid Iranis review Django Unchained Yahoo News March 22 2013 McClintock Pamela March 13 2013 Django Unchained Set for China Release The Hollywood Reporter Why China is letting Django Unchained slip through its censorship regime Quartz March 13 2013 Django Unchained Has a New Release Date in China BOXOFFICE Media LLC Retrieved January 18 2015 Django Unchained Box Office The Numbers Retrieved January 30 2015 ‘Django Unchained’ Becomes Quentin Tarantino’s HighestGrossing Movie deadline com January 17 2013 Retrieved January 30 2015 Sampson Michael Django Unchained DVD Release Date Announced ScreenCrush com Django Unchained Video Sales The Numbers Retrieved January 30 2015 Django Unchained Rotten Tomatoes Flixster Retrieved December 31 2012 Django Unchained Metacritic Retrieved December 31 2012 Ebert Roger January 7 2013 Faster Quentin Thrill Thrill Chicago SunTimes Archived from the original on January 11 2013 Retrieved January 10 2013 Scott A O December 24 2012 The Black The White and the Angry The New York Times Retrieved December 25 2012 Django Unchained was more than a role for Kerry Washington DecaPost com December 31 2012 Archived from the original on April 8 2013 Gleiberman Owen December 25 2012 Django Unchained Entertainment Weekly Retrieved December 31 2012 Fellerath David December 26 2012 Django Unchained Indy Week Retrieved December 31 2012 Anthony Lane January 7 2013 Les Misérables Django Unchained and Amour The New Yorker Phillips Dana Introduction Django Unchained and the Global Western Safundi 16 3 2015 253–255 httpwww metacritic comfeaturetoptenlistsbestmoviesof2012 Surviving Django BuzzFeed January 5 2012 McCarthy Todd December 11 2012 Django Unchained Film Review The Hollywood Reporter Django Unchained and Race Heres What Drudge Doesnt Tell You The Village Voice Retrieved December 18 2012 Spike Lee slams Django UnchainedIm not Gonna See It Vibe December 21 2012 Retrieved December 24 2012 Blumsom Amy 24 November 2015 Tarantino will never work with that son of a b Spike Lee again The Daily Telegraph Retrieved 19 November 2016 Farrakhan on Django Unchained Its Preparation for Race War Fox Nation January 11 2013 a b c Williams Jesse February 21 2013 Django in chains CNN Retrieved 19 August 2016 Morris Wesley December 25 2012 Tarantino blows up the spaghetti western in Django Unchained Boston Globe Ryzik Melena December 19 2012 Supporting Actor Category Is Thick With Hopefuls The New York Times Samuel L Jackson hits out at Kamau Bell over Django Unchained criticism Retrieved January 18 2015 Columbia professor Dorner like reallife Django Unchained The Washington Times February 13 2013 Kaplan Erin Aubry December 28 2012 Django an unsettling experience for many blacks Los Angeles Times Retrieved December 31 2012 Jamie Foxx Jokes About Killing All The White People Fox Nation December 10 2012 KUHNER Jamie Foxx and the rise of black bigotry The Washington Times December 13 2012 Dershowitz Jessica December 25 2012 Django Unchained Critics weigh in on Quentin Tarantino film CBS News Retrieved December 26 2012 Battersby Matilda December 17 2012 Give me a break – Tarantino tires of defending ultraviolent films after Sandy Hook massacre The Independent London Frank Thomas March 2013 Blood Sport Harpers Magazine page 67 McNabb Geoffrey January 11 2013 Django Unchained and the new sadism in cinema The Independent Retrieved February 22 2013 Serwer Adam January 7 2013 In Defense of Django Mother Jones Retrieved January 17 2015 a b Rodriguez Rene December 26 2012 Tarantino talks Django Unchained The Miami Herald Archived from the original on February 23 2013 a b Was There Really Mandingo Fighting Like in Django Unchained Slate December 24 2012 Django Unexplained Was Mandingo Fighting a Real Thing NextMovie NextMovie Retrieved January 18 2015 Daniel Bernardi The Persistence of Whiteness Race and Contemporary 2013 For the purposes of breeding chattel he must also buy a Mandingo buck a male slave In the film a Mandingo represents the finest stock of slaves deemed most suitable for fighting and breeding page needed Cobb Jelani January 2 2013 Tarantino Unchained The New Yorker Retrieved January 2 2013 Holslin Peter July 14 2012 Quentin Tarantino and Cast Reveal Django Details at ComicCon Rolling Stone Retrieved January 2 2013 Moore Nolan July 7 2015 Q Is Django Unchained historically accurate and does it matter Screenprism Retrieved April 25 2017 Tarantinos crusade to ennoble violence Financial Times January 5 2013 Brody Richard December 28 2012 The Riddle of Tarantino The New Yorker American Film Institute Announces AFI Awards 2012 Official Selections The Sacramento Bee December 10 2012 Archived from the original on December 23 2012 Retrieved December 11 2012 Reynolds Simon December 13 2012 Golden Globes nominations 2013 Movies list in full Digital Spy Retrieved December 13 2012 httpswww theguardian comfilm2013feb25quentintarantinooscarscreenplaydjangounchained Heller Corinne January 13 2013 Golden Globe Awards Christoph Waltz of Django Unchained wins Supporting Actor – Drama OnTheRedCarpet com Retrieved January 13 2013 Oscars The Nominees The Academy Awards of Motion Pictures and the Arts Archived from the original on January 10 2013 Retrieved February 28 2013 Oscars 2013 the full list of winners The Guardian London February 25 2013 Retrieved February 28 2013 The 44th NAACP Image Awards nominees announced PDF National Association for the Advancement of Colored People December 11 2012 Archived from the original PDF on March 19 2013 Retrieved December 12 2012 Awards for 2012 National Board of Review December 5 2012 Archived from the original on June 12 2010 Retrieved December 11 2012 Serjeant Jill January 2 2013 Lincoln Zero Dark Thirty up for Producers Guild awards Reuters Retrieved January 4 2013 DC Comics Django Unchained Grand Comics Database DC Comics Django Unchained at the Comic Book DB Alexander Bryan May 24 2014 Tarantino wants to make Django TV miniseries USA Today Retrieved May 24 2014 Staskiewicz Keith December 11 2015 Quentin Tarantino explains how Hateful Eight began as a Django novel Entertainment Weekly US Time Inc Retrieved January 6 2016 Galloway Stephen December 10 2015 Quentin Tarantino Ridley Scott Four More Directors on the Decline of MiddleClass Films Facing Retirement The Hollywood Reporter US Prometheus Global Media Retrieved January 6 2016 Acuna Kirsten December 15 2014 Sony Is Apparently Working On A Django UnchainedZorro Crossover Movie With Quentin Tarantino Business Insider Retrieved December 15 2014 Dynamite® Django Zorro 1 Retrieved January 18 2015 Quentin Tarantino Slapped With 100 MillionPlus Copyright Lawsuit Over ‘Django Unchained’ The Wrap December 30 2015 Retrieved January 6 2016 Quentin Tarantino sued for alleged Django Unchained copyright infringement Entertainment Weekly December 31 2015 Retrieved January 1 2016 httpswww pacermonitor compubliccase10213341COLVINetalvTARANTINOetal Missing or empty title= help External linksedit Official website Django Unchained on IMDb Django Unchained at AllMovie Django Unchained at Rotten Tomatoes Django Unchained at Metacritic Django Unchained at Box Office Mojo