Rock All Night (1957) - Movie | Moviefone Rock All Night - A short man suffering an inferiority complex falls for a rock 'n' roll singer at an unsavory establishment.
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Jailhouse Rock (1957 film) - Wikipedia Jailhouse Rock is a 1957 American musical drama film directed by Richard Thorpe and starring Elvis Presley, Judy Tyler, and Mickey Shaughnessy. Distributed by Metro ...
Jailhouse Rock (1957 film) - Wikipedia Jailhouse Rock is a 1957 American musical drama film directed by Richard Thorpe and starring Elvis Presley Judy Tyler and Mickey Shaughnessy Rock All Night Distributed by MetroGoldwynMayer MGM and dramatized by Guy Trosper from a story written by Nedrick Young the film is about a young man sentenced to prison for manslaughter who is mentored in music by his prison cellmate who realizes his musical abilities After his release from jail while looking for a job as a club singer the young man meets a musical promoter who helps him launch his career As he develops his musical abilities and becomes a star his selfcentered personality begins to affect his relationships The wife of producer Pandro S Berman convinced him to create a film with Presley in the last role Berman delegated the casting to Benny Thau head of the studio and Abraham Lastfogel the then president of William Morris Agency Berman hired Richard Thorpe who was known for shooting productions quickly The production of Jailhouse Rock began on May 13 1957 and concluded on June 17 of that year The dance sequence to the films title song Jailhouse Rock is often cited as Presleys greatest moment on screen Before preproduction began songwriters Mike Stoller and Jerry Leiber were commissioned to integrate the films soundtrack In April Leiber and Stoller were called for a meeting in New York City to show the progress of the repertoire The writers who had not produced any material toured the city and were confronted in a hotel room by Jean Aberbach who locked them into their hotel room by blocking the hotel room door with a sofa until they wrote the material Presley recorded the soundtrack at Radio Recorders in Hollywood on April 30 and May 3 with an additional session at the MGM Soundstage on May 9 During postproduction the songs were dubbed into the films scenes in which Presley mimed the lyrics Jailhouse Rock premiered on October 17 1957 in Memphis Tennessee and was released nationwide on November 8 1957 It peaked at number 3 on the Variety box office chart and reached number 14 in the years box office totals grossing 4 million Jailhouse Rock earned mixed reviews with most of the negative reception directed towards Presleys persona In 2004 the film was selected for preservation in the National Film Registry Contents 1 Plot 2 Cast 3 Production 3 1 Soundtrack 4 Release 4 1 Box office 4 2 Critical reception 4 3 Accolades 5 Notes 6 Footnotes 7 See also 8 References 9 External links Construction worker Vince Everett Elvis accidentally kills a drunken and belligerent man in a barroom brawl He is sentenced to two years in the state penitentiary for manslaughter His cellmate washedup country singer Hunk Houghton Shaughnessy who was jailed for bank robbery starts teaching Vince to play the guitar after hearing Vince sing and strum Hunks guitar Hunk then convinces Vince to participate in an upcoming inmate show which is broadcast on nationwide television Vince receives numerous fan letters as a result but out of apparent jealousy Hunk ensures they are not delivered to Vince Hunk then convinces Vince to sign a contract to become equal partners in his act Meanwhile during an inmate riot in the mess hall a guard shoves Vince who retaliates by striking the guard As a result the warden orders Vince to be lashed with a whip Afterwards it was discovered that Hunk attempted to bribe the guards to drop the punishment but to no avail Elvis Presley as Vince Everett talks to Mickey Shaughnessy as Hunk Houghton in their cell Upon Vinces release 20 months later the warden gives Vince his fan mail Hunk then promises Vince a singing job at a nightclub owned by a friend where Vince meets Peggy Van Alden Tyler a promoter for pop singer Mickey Alba Vince is surprised when the club owner denies him a job as a singer but offers him a job as a bar boy Undeterred Vince takes the stage when the house band takes a break and starts singing Young and Beautiful But one of the customers laughs obnoxiously throughout the performance enraging Vince who smashes his guitar on the customers table and leaves the club Peggy follows Vince and persuades him to record a demo so that he can listen to himself sing Vince records Dont Leave Me Now which Peggy takes to Geneva Records The manager seems unimpressed but he reluctantly agrees to play the tape for his boss in New York The next day Peggy informs Vince that the song has been sold She then takes him to a party at her parents home but Vince leaves after he offends a guest he mistakenly believes is belittling him The guests were talking about progressive jazz a genre that Vince hates as much as Elvis himself hated jazz which he could not understand in real life Angry and offended Peggy confronts Vince who kisses her brutally Peggy resentfully calls the gesture cheap tactics to which Vince replies Them aint tactics honey its just the beast in me Later Vince and Peggy visit a local record store to check out Vinces new single but they are shocked to discover that the Geneva Records manager gave the song to Mickey Alba who recorded and released the song himself thereby stealing Vinces song Outraged Vince storms into the labels office and confronts the manager violently slapping him around To avoid making the same mistake twice Vince suggests that he and Peggy should form their own label They do naming the new label Laurel Records and hiring an attorney Mr Shores Vaughn Taylor to oversee their business Vince then records Treat Me Nice and begins pitching it but it is universally rejected Peggy convinces her friend disc jockey Teddy Talbot Dean Jones to air the song He does and it becomes an immediate hit Later that evening Vince asks Peggy out to celebrate the success of his new single but is disappointed when he learns that she has accepted a dinner date for that evening with Teddy Meanwhile Vince makes arrangements for another television show During a party Hunk visits him after being paroled and persuades Vince to give him a spot on the upcoming show Prior to taping Vince rehearses Jailhouse Rock in a stylized cell block a performance Elvis himself choreographed Hunks number is cut because of his outdated music style Afterwards Vince informs Hunk that according to his lawyer the abovementioned contract they signed in prison was worthless However as a consolation and never forgetting that Hunk tried to intercede on his behalf when he was punished for striking the prison guard Vince offers Hunk a job with his entourage for a fee equal to ten percent of Vinces annual gross which Hunk accepts Presley as Vince Everett hugs Judy Tyler as Peggy Van Alden as he sings Young and Beautiful Within a few months Vince officially became a star However Peggy is no longer on speaking terms with Vince as his success has made him arrogant Vince then signs a movie deal with Climax Studios The studio head asks him to spend the day with Sherry Wilson Jennifer Holden the studios new leading lady for publicity purposes The conceited actress is less than thrilled with her costar at first but she eventually falls in love with Vince after shooting a kissing scene saying that shes come all unglued indicating that shes no longer stuck up Meanwhile Hunk grows tired of Vinces selfcentered attitude When Peggy shows up unexpectedly at another of Vinces parties Vince is happy to see her at first but becomes upset when she says the purpose of her visit is to talk about business Mr Shores then approaches Vince with an offer from Geneva Records to purchase Laurel Records and sign him to a rich contract Peggy refuses to sell but Vince announces that he will close the deal since he owns a controlling interest which deeply devastates Peggy Enraged by Vinces attitudeand his treatment of PeggyHunk provokes Vince to fight who refuses to fight back Hunk delivers several hard blows with the last one striking Vince in the throat endangering his voice and therefore his singing ability Vince is then rushed to a hospital where he forgives Hunk and realizes he loves Peggy and she loves him After being released from the hospital Vinces doctor informs him that his vocal cords are fully recovered but Vince is worried that his voice might have been affected To test it he sings Young and Beautiful to Peggy which reassures him that his fears are unfounded Elvis Presley as Vince Everett a prisoner who after being released becomes a star for his singing talent Producer Pandro S Bermans wife convinced him to make a film with Presley starring in the leading role Berman contacted Presleys manager Colonel Thomas Parker and asked if he could send Presley or Parker the script to read it Parker was uninterested and denied the request Berman asked Parker under which conditions would he take the project to which Parker replied that he was only interested in the music score of the movie and owning the rights for record sales and publishing royalties Presleys payment was settled at US250000 and 50 of the royalties from the distribution of the movie Judy Tyler as Peggy Van Alden a music promoter who helps Vince build his career and eventually becomes his lover Tyler was previously known for her part as Princess Summerfall Winterspring in the television show Howdy Doody and her role as Suzy in the Broadway musical Pipe Dream 1955 Tyler took a threemonth leave of absence from Howdy Doody to shoot the movie Tyler and her husband were both killed in a car crash on July 3 days after production of the movie was completed and before the movie premiered Presley was so devastated over her untimely death that he refused to watch the film Mickey Shaughnessy as Hunk Houghton Vinces cellmate and a former country and western singer He teaches Vince to improve his guitar skills and after his release from jail becomes Vinces assistant Shaughnessy was known for his role as Leva in From Here to Eternity 1953 He was also a comedian Variety reported before the production of the film that during one of his shows in Omaha Nebraska Shaughnessy performed a fortyfiveminute routine that derided Presley Elaine Dundy author of the book Elvis and Gladys 1985 considered that his casting was an odd choice and a product of Bermans disinterest and his decision to delegate the casting of the actors Vaughn Taylor as Mr Shores an attorney whom Vince and Peggy hire to manage Vinces financial affairs Jennifer Holden as Sherry Wilson a starlet of Climax Studios and Vinces costar The movie was Holdens debut she auditioned for the role at MGM in May 1956 and was selected immediately for the role She studied drama with Lillian Roth and participated in a small role in a play at the Palace Theatre in New York City Dean Jones as Teddy Talbot a disc jockey who plays Vinces debut record as a favor to Peggy Jones himself was formerly a blues singer and he was coached for the role by disc jockeys Ira Cooke and Dewey Phillips Jailhouse Rock cowriter Mike Stoller of the Leiber and Stoller songwriting partnership and Presleys regular band during that periodScotty Moore Bill Black and D J Fontanaappeared as Vinces band throughout the film but were uncredited Productionedit Jailhouse Rock was Presleys third film and his first for MGM It was filmed at the MGM studios in Culver City California Filmed in blackandwhite the film was the first production that MGM filmed with the recently developed 35 mm anamorphic lens by Panavision The film was originally titled The Hard Way which was changed to Jailhouse Kid before MGM finally settled on Jailhouse Rock It was not listed with the studios planned releases for the year which it published in Variety magazine because it was based on an original story by Nedrick Young a blacklisted writer In addition the studio traditionally did not produce any original scripts that were not adaptations of alreadysuccessful works such as books or theater plays During the production of the movie Pandro Bermans attention was centered on another of his productions the 1958 film The Brothers Karamazov He let the head of the studio Benny Thau and Abe Lastfogel president of the William Morris Agency decide the cast Richard Thorpe who had the reputation of quickly finishing his projects was chosen to direct the film The first scene to be filmed was the title dance sequence to the song Jailhouse Rock Brett Farmer places the orgasmic gyrations of the dance sequence within a lineage of cinematic musical numbers that offer a spectacular eroticization if not homoeroticization of the male image it has often been cited as Presleys greatest moment on screen Alex Romero who created moves inspired by Fred Astaire and Gene Kelly choreographed the sequence Presley was not convinced by Romeros initial choreography so Romero played some music and asked Presley to dance using his own moves to choreograph the final sequence Impressed with the dance sequence Kelly himself applauded one of the rehearsals during a visit to the set Shooting of the film began on May 13 1957 with the newly created choreography Presleys characteristic hairstyle and sideburns were covered with a wig and makeup for the scenes in musical number and those set in the jail During the performance one of Presleys dental caps fell out and became lodged in his lung He was taken to the Cedars of Lebanon Hospital where he spent the night after the cap was removed Shooting was resumed the next day Throughout the film Presley mimed the songs which had been previously recorded in the studio and were added to the finished scenes Thorpe who usually filmed scenes in a single take finished the rest of the movie by June 17 1957 Jailhouse Rock was Judy Tylers last film two weeks after shooting was completed she died in an automobile accident that also killed her husband Presley moved by the death of his costar did not attend the film premiere nb 1 Soundtrackedit Main article Jailhouse Rock EP Before the production began rock n roll songwriting partners Jerry Leiber and Mike Stoller were commissioned to create the films soundtrack The writers who accepted the work did not send any material to MGM for months In April 1957 the studio called a meeting with the writers in New York City to be updated on the progress of the work Leiber and Stoller who had not written any material traveled to New York where instead of working they toured the city They were confronted in their hotel room by Jean Aberbach director of Hill & Range music publishing company who asked to see the songs When he was told that there was no material Aberbach decided to lock the songwriters in their hotel room by blocking the door with a sofa Aberbach told them that they would not leave the room until they had created the material Four hours later Leiber and Stoller had written I Want to Be Free Treat Me Nice Youre So Square Baby I Dont Care and Jailhouse Rock Presley recorded the finished songs at Radio Recorders in Hollywood on April 30 and May 3 1957 with an additional session at the MGM soundstage in Hollywood on May 9 for Dont Leave Me Now Leiber and Stoller were invited to the recording session of April 30 where they met Presley During the session Stoller helped Presley with the song Treat Me Nice and taught him using a piano the method he should use while recording the song Presley was impressed by Stoller and convinced MGM to cast him as the bands pianist in the film Jailhouse Rock Elvis Presleys Jailhouse Rock Problems playing this file See media help The following songs in the film were performed by Elvis unless otherwise noted One More Day Sid Tepper Roy C Bennett – performed by Mickey Shaughnessy Young and Beautiful Abner Silver Aaron Schroeder I Want to Be Free Jerry Leiber Mike Stoller Dont Leave Me Now Aaron Schroeder Ben Weisman Treat Me Nice Jerry Leiber Mike Stoller Jailhouse Rock Jerry Leiber Mike Stoller – dance routine was also choreographed by Elvis Presley Youre So Square Baby I Dont Care Jerry Leiber Mike Stoller Presley also played electric bass Releaseedit Jailhouse Rock premiered on October 17 1957 at Loews State Theater in Memphis Tennessee It opened nationally on November 8 Box officeedit The film peaked at number 3 on the Variety box office chart and reached number 14 for the year at the box office According to MGM records the film earned 3 2 million in the US and Canada and 1075000 elsewhere during its initial theatrical run resulting in a profit of 1051000 1 In 1957 Presley was ranked the fourth leading box office commodity in the film industry According to Variety by 1969 Jailhouse Rocks gross income in the United States and Canada was comparable to that of The Wizard of Oz 1939 Critical receptionedit Publicity photo of the movie featuring Presley during the dance sequence of Jailhouse Rock Despite the success in the box office Jailhouse Rock earned mixed reviews from critics It was looked upon as scandalous once it was released because it portrayed Vince Everett as an antiheroic character presented a convict as a hero used the word hell as a profanity and included a scene showing Presley in bed with costar Tyler The ParentTeacher Association described the movie as a hackneyed blownup tale with cheap human values The New York Times criticized Guy Trosper for writing a screenplay where the secondary characters whom Mickey Shaughnessey and Judy Tyler acted out were forced to hang on to the heros flying mane and ego for the entire picture Cue magazine called the film an unpleasant mediocre and tasteless drama Some publications criticized Presley Time criticized his onstage personality while The Miami News compared the film with horror movies and said Only Elvis Presley and his Jailhouse Rock can keep pace with the movie debut of this personality the records show In estimating the lasting appeal of their grotesque performer Jazz magazine Down Beat said Presleys acting was amateurish and bland British magazine The Spectator described Presleys evolution from his silly performance in Loving You to dangerously near being repulsive Other reviewers responded positively to the film Louise Boyca of The Schenectady Gazette wrote that its dear Elvis that gets the soft focus camera and the arty photography Boyca remarked upon the low production costs of the film and said that Presley was in top singing and personality form The Gadsden Times said Elvis Presley not only proves himself as a dramatic actor but also reveals his versatility by dancing on the screen for the first time The movie also contains Elvis unique style of singing Look favored the movie describing the reception of an audience in a Los Angeles theater that registered loud and often its approval of what may accurately be described as the stars first big dramatic singing role Author Thomas Doherty wrote in his 2002 book Teenagers and Teenpics The Juvenalization of American Movies in the 1950s In Jailhouse Rock the treatment of rock n roll music both as narrative content and as cinematic performance is knowing and respectful The elaborate choreography for the title tune the long takes and uninterrupted screen time given to the other numbers and the musical pacingthe rock n roll builds in quality and intensityall show an indigenous appreciation of Presleys rock n Roll Critic Hal Erickson of AllRovi wrote that the film is a perfect balance of song and story from beginning to end Mark Deming also a critic for AllRovi wrote that Jailhouse Rock it was one of Presleys few vehicles which really caught his raw sexy energy and sneering charisma on film Accoladesedit In 1991 Jerry Leiber and Mike Stoller were awarded with an ASCAP Award for Most Performed Feature Film Standards for the song Jailhouse Rock In 2004 Jailhouse Rock was selected for preservation in the United States National Film Registry as it was deemed culturally historically or aesthetically significant The film is famous for the dance sequence also choreographed by Presley in which Presley sings the title track while on stage cavorting with other inmates through a set which resembles a block of jail cells The sequence is widely acknowledged as the most memorable musical scene in Presleys 30 narrative movies and is credited by music historians as the prototype for the modern music video Jailhouse Rock ranked 495th on Empires 2008 list of the 500 greatest movies of all time The review aggregate website Rotten Tomatoes gives the film an overall 79 Fresh approval rating based on 14 reviews with a rating average of 6 9 out of 10 The film is recognized by American Film Institute in these lists 2004 AFIs 100 Years 100 Songs Jailhouse Rock – 2153 2006 AFIs Greatest Movie Musicals – Nominated54 Some sources such as Adam Victor in The Elvis Encyclopedia and Albert Goldman in Elvis claim that Presley never watched the completed film Footnotesedit a b c The Eddie Mannix Ledger Los Angeles Margaret Herrick Library Center for Motion Picture Study AFIs 100 Years Rock All Night 100 Songs PDF American Film Institute Retrieved 20160813 AFIs Greatest Movie Musicals Nominees PDF Retrieved 20160813 See alsoedit List of American films of 1957 Referencesedit Books Brown Peter Harry Broeske Pat H 1997 Down at the End of Lonely Street The Life and Death of Elvis Presley New York City Dutton ISBN 9780525942467 Browne Blaine Cottrell Robert 2008 Modern American Lives Individuals and Issues in American History Since 1945 Armonk M E Sharpe ISBN 9780765622235 Clayton Marie 2006 Elvis Presley Unseen Archives Bath Paragon Pub ISBN 9781405400329 Collins Ace 2005 Untold Gold The Stories Behind Elviss 1 Hits Chicago Chicago Review Press ISBN 9781556525650 Cotten Lee 1985 All Shook Up Elvis DaybyDay 1954–1977 Ann Arbor Pierian Press ISBN 9780876501726 Denisoff Serge Romanowski William 1991 Risky Business Rock in Film New Brunswick Transaction Publishers ISBN 9780887388439 Dickinson Kay 2008 Off Key When Film and Music Wont Work Together Oxford Oxford University Press ISBN 9780195326635 Doherty Thomas 2002 Teenagers and Teenpics The Juvenilization of American Movies in the 1950s Philadelphia Temple University Press ISBN 9781566399463 Dundy Elaine 2004 Elvis and Gladys Jackson University Press of Mississippi ISBN 9781578066346 Eagan Daniel 2010 Americas Film Legacy The Authoritative Guide to the Landmark Movies in the National Film Registry New York City Continuum ISBN 9780826429773 Farmer Brett 2000 Spectacular Passions Cinema Fantasy Gay Male Spectatorships Durham Duke University Press ISBN 9780822325895 Finler Joel Waldo 2003 The Hollywood Story 3rd ed London Wallflower Press ISBN 9781903364666 Gabbard Krin 1996 Jammin at the Margins Jazz and the American Cinema Chicago University of Chicago Press ISBN 9780226277882 Garner Paul Mrotek Sharon 1999 Mousie Garner Autobiography of a Vaudeville Stooge Jefferson McFarland ISBN 9780786405817 Giglio Ernest 2010 Heres Looking at You Hollywood Film & Politics New York City Peter Lang ISBN 9781433106446 Glut Donald F Harmon Jim 1975 The Great Television Heroes Garden City Doubleday ISBN 9780385051675 Goldman Albert Harry 1981 Elvis New York City McGrawHill ISBN 9780070236578 Guralnick Peter 1994 Last Train to Memphis The Rise of Elvis Presley Boston Back Bay Books ISBN 9780316332255 Guralnick Peter Jorgensen Ernst 1999 Elvis Day by Day The Definitive Record of His Life and Music New York City Ballantine Books ISBN 9780345420893 Humphries Patrick 2003 Elvis the 1 Hits The Secret History of the Classics Kansas City Andrews McMeel Publishing ISBN 9780740738036 Jorgensen Ernst 1998 Elvis Presley A Life in Music The Complete Recording Sessions New York City St Martins Press ISBN 9780312185725 Millard Andre 2005 America on Record A History of Recorded Sound 2nd ed New York City Cambridge University Press ISBN 9780521835152 Poore Billy 1998 Rockabilly A FortyYear Journey Milwaukee Hal Leonard Corp ISBN 9780793591428 Relyea Robert Relyea Craig 2008 Not So Quiet On The Set My Life in Movies During Hollywoods Macho Era New York City iUniverse ISBN 9780595713325 Slaughter Todd 2005 The Elvis Archives London Omnibus Press ISBN 9781846090677 Templeton Steve Craig Yvonne 2002 Elvis Presley Silver Screen Icon A Collection of Movie Posters Johnson City Tennessee The Overmountain Press ISBN 9781570722325 Victor Adam 2008 The Elvis Encyclopedia New York City Overlook Duckworth ISBN 9780715638163 Worth Fred Tamerius Steve 1992 Elvis His Life From A to Z New York City Wings Books ISBN 9780517066348 Journals Boyka Louise November 28 1957 Elvis in Jailhouse Rock Keeps Fans in Tears Schenectady Gazette Johnson Erskine November 3 1957 Hollywood Today Gadsden Times Tynan John January 9 1958 Farewell Elvis Down Beat Maher Publications 25 1–6 Monster Films Get Big Play The Miami News December 8 1957 Young Judy Tyler Gives Her Formula for Broadway Success The Sunday News Press 79 26 St Joseph NewsPress February 25 1956 Retrieved May 14 2012 Movie Reviews Cue the Weekly Magazine of New York life Cue Publishing Co February 8 1958 Jailhouse Rock – Movie Review Look Cowles Communications 21 14–26 September 17 1957 The Spectator 200 Ian Gilmour March 21 1958 The PTA magazine 52 National Congress of Parents and Teachers 1957 The Hollywood Reporter 317 1–18 Wilkerson Daily Corp April 16 1991 Top Grosses of 1957 Variety 8 January 1958 Other Erickson Hal Deming Mark Jailhouse Rock – Synopsis Jailhouse Rock – Review AllRovi Retrieved October 18 2011 Staff Consumer Price Index estimate 1800–2012 Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis Retrieved February 22 2012 Jailhouse Rock 1957 TCM Turner Entertainment Networks Inc Retrieved May 14 2012 The 500 Greatest Movies of All Time Empire 2008 Retrieved December 24 2012 Jailhouse Rock 1957 Rotten Tomatoes Flixster Inc Retrieved October 18 2011 External linksedit Jailhouse Rock on IMDb Jailhouse Rock at Rotten Tomatoes Jailhouse Rock at AllMovie Jailhouse Rock at the TCM Movie Database