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Los Angeles Police Department - Wikipedia "To Protect and to Serve" Agency overview; Formed: ... officially the City of Los Angeles Police Department, ... and was called the "L.A.P.D. Special".
Los Angeles Police Department - Wikipedia LAPD redirects here L A P D To Protect And To Serve For other uses see LAPD disambiguation Coordinates 34°03′07″N 118°14′40″W 34 051941°N 118 244514°W 34 051941 118 244514 The Los Angeles Police Department LAPD officially the City of Los Angeles Police Department is the law enforcement agency for the city of Los Angeles California United States With 9843 officers4 and 2773 civilian staff4 it is the thirdlargest municipal police department in the United States after the New York City Police Department and the Chicago Police Department 6 The department serves an area of 498 square miles 1290 km2 and a population of 4030904 people The LAPD has been fictionalized in numerous movies novels and television shows throughout its history The department has also been associated with a number of controversies mainly concerned with racism police brutality and police corruption Contents 1 History 2 Organization 2 1 Board of Police Commissioners 2 2 Office of the Inspector General 2 3 Office of the Chief 2 4 Office of Operations 2 4 1 Structure chart 2 4 2 OperationsCentral Bureau 2 4 3 OperationsSouth Bureau 2 4 4 OperationsValley Bureau 2 4 5 OperationsWest Bureau 2 5 Office of Special Operations 2 5 1 Detective Bureau 2 5 2 Counter Terrorism and Special Operations Bureau 2 6 Office of Administrative Services 3 Rank structure and insignia 3 1 Supervisory terminology 4 Chiefs of Police 5 Staffing 5 1 Limitations 5 2 Art Theft Detail 5 3 Union 5 4 Cadet program 5 5 Demographics 5 6 Languages 6 Work environment and pay 6 1 Body cameras 7 Resources 7 1 Firearms 8 Awards commendations citations and medals 8 1 Bravery 8 2 Service 8 3 Unit citations 8 4 Ribbons 8 5 Marksmanship Badges 9 Fallen officers 10 Controversies and misconduct 10 1 Consent decree 11 See also 12 References 13 External links Historyedit Main article History of the Los Angeles Police Department Venice Police Station in the 1920s The first specific Los Angeles police force was founded in 1853 as the Los Angeles Rangers a volunteer force that assisted the existing County forces 78 The Rangers were soon succeeded by the Los Angeles City Guards another volunteer group Neither force was particularly efficient and Los Angeles became known for its violence gambling and vice 7 The first paid force was created in 1869 when six officers were hired to serve under City Marshal William C Warren 3 By 1900 under John M Glass there were 70 officers one for every 1500 people In 1903 with the start of the Civil Service this force was increased to 200 3 The CBS radio show Calling All Cars hired LAPD radio dispacher Jesse Rosenquist to be the voice of the dispatcher 910 Rosenquist was already famous because home radios could tune in to early police radio frequencies As the first police radio dispatcher presented to the public ear he was the voice that actors went to when called upon for a radio dispatcher role 11 During World War II under Clemence B Horrall the overall number of personnel was depleted by the demands of the military 12 Despite efforts to maintain numbers the police could do little to control the 1943 Zoot Suit Riots 12 Horrall was replaced by retired United States Marine Corps general William A Worton who acted as interim chief until 1950 when William H Parker succeeded him and would serve until his death in 1966 Parker advocated police professionalism and autonomy from civilian administration However the Bloody Christmas scandal in 1951 led to calls for civilian accountability and an end to alleged police brutality 13 The iconic television series Dragnet with LAPD Detective Joe Friday as the primary character was the first major media representation of the department 14 Real LAPD operations inspired Jack Webb to create the series and close cooperation with department officers let him make it as realistic as possible including authentic police equipment and sound recording onsite at the police station 14 Due to Dragnets popularity LAPD Chief Parker became after J Edgar Hoover the most well known and respected law enforcement official in the nation 14 In the 1960s when the LAPD under Chief Thomas Reddin expanded its community relations division and began efforts to reach out to the AfricanAmerican community Dragnet followed suit with more emphasis on internal affairs and community policing than solving crimes the shows previous mainstay 15 Under Parker LAPD created the first SWAT Special Weapons and Tactics team in United States law enforcement 16 Officer John Nelson and thenInspector Daryl Gates17 created the program in 1965 to deal with threats from radical organizations such as the Black Panther Party operating during the Vietnam War era 16 The old headquarters for the LAPD was Parker Center named after former chief William H Parker which still stands at 150 N Los Angeles St The new headquarters is the new Police Administration Building located at 100 W 1st St immediately south of Los Angeles City Hall which officially opened in October 2009 Organizationedit The New Police Administration Building opened in 2009 Board of Police Commissionersedit Main article Los Angeles Board of Police Commissioners The Los Angeles Board of Police Commissioners also known as the Police Commission is a fivemember body of appointed officials which oversees the LAPD 18 The board is responsible for setting policies for the department and overseeing the LAPDs overall management and operations The Chief of Police reports to the board but the rest of the department reports to the chief 19 Office of the Inspector Generaledit The Office of the Inspector General is an independent part of the LAPD that has oversight over the departments internal disciplinary process and reviewing complaints of officer misconduct 20 It was created by the recommendation of the Christopher Commission and it is exempt from civil service and reports directly to the Board of Police Commissioners 20 The current Inspector General is Alexander A Bustamante who was formerly an Assistant United States Attorney 21 The OIG receives copies of every complaint filed against members of the LAPD as well as tracking specific cases along with any resultant litigation 20 The OIG also conducts audits on select investigations and conducts regular reviews of the disciplinary system in order to ensure fairness and equality 20 As well as overseeing the LAPDs disciplinary process the Inspector General may undertake special investigations as directed by the Board of Police Commissioners 20 Office of the Chiefedit The Office of the Chief of Police is the administrative office comprising the Chief of Staff and the Employee Relations Group Also reporting to the chief of police is the Director of the Office of Constitutional Policing and Policy whose office is divided into the Community Policing and Policy Group Risk Management Legal Affairs Group and Media Relations The Information Technology Bureau and the Professional Standards Bureau which includes the Internal Affairs Group Special Operations Division and Force Investigation Division also reports directly to the Office of Chiefs Office of Operationsedit The majority of the LAPDs approximately 100004 officers are assigned within the Office of Operations whose primary office is located in the new Police Administration Building 22 An Assistant Chief currently First Assistant Chief Michel Moore commands the office and reports directly to the chief of police The LAPD Office of Operations comprises 21 police stations known officially as areas but also commonly referred to as divisions 23 The Office of Operations also comprises COMPSTAT Computer Statistics which maintains crime data It holds regular weekly meetings within a purposebuilt suite in the new Police Administration Building with the Chief of Police and senior officers COMPSTAT is based on the NYPD CompStat unit that was created in 1994 by former LAPD Chief William Bratton while he was still a NYPD Police Commissioner 24 He implemented the LAPD version on becoming Chief of Police in 2002 25 The 21 police stations or divisions are grouped geographically into four command areas each known as a bureau 23 The latest areas Olympic and Topanga were added on January 4 2009 26 Structure chartedit Central Bureau South Bureau Valley Bureau West Bureau Central Area 1 77th Street Area 12 Devonshire Area 17 Hollywood Area 6 Hollenbeck Area 4 Harbor Area 5 Foothill Area 16 Olympic Area 20 Newton Area 13 Southeast Area 18 Mission Area 19 Pacific Area 14 Northeast Area 11 Southwest Area 3 North Hollywood Area 15 West Los Angeles Area 8 Rampart Area 2 Van Nuys Area 9 Wilshire Area 7 West Valley Area 10 Topanga Area 21 OperationsCentral Bureauedit The Central Bureau is responsible for downtown Los Angeles and Eastern Los Angeles27 and is the most densely populated of the four patrol bureaus 27 It consists of five patrol divisions and a traffic division which handles trafficrelated duties such as accident investigation and the issuing of citationstickets 28 The Rampart Division police station Division Number Division Name Areas Served 1 Central Area Downtown the Fashion District the Financial District 29 2 Rampart Area Echo Park PicoUnion Westlake30 4 Hollenbeck Area Boyle Heights Lincoln Heights El Sereno 31 11 Northeast Area Elysian Park Echo Park Silver Lake Los Feliz Hollywood Highland Park Eagle Rock Atwater Village Glassell Park 32 13 Newton Area South Los Angeles portions of Downtown and the Fashion District 33 OperationsSouth Bureauedit The South Bureau oversees South Los Angeles with the exception of Inglewood34 and Compton which are both separate cities that maintain their own law enforcement agencies in Comptons case a contract with the Los Angeles County Sheriffs Department 35 The South Bureau consists of four patrol divisions Criminal Gang Homicide Division and a traffic division which handles trafficrelated duties such as accident investigation and the issuing of citationstickets 36 77th Street Division The 77th Street Area 12 serves a portion of South Los Angeles roughly in an area south of Vernon Avenue west of the Harbor Freeway north of Manchester Avenue and points west to the city limits including the Crenshaw region A section of South Central Los Angeles that borders Florence Central and Manchester Avenues to the Harbor Freeway is also part of this division The divisions address is 7600 S Broadway Los Angeles CA 90003 The division also has a Junior Cadets program separate from the cadet program The junior cadets age range is between 9 and 13 and after age 13 they can join the Cadets The junior cadets program is exclusive to the 77th street division 37 Harbor Division The Harbor Area 5 serves all of San Pedro Wilmington and the Harbor Gateway annex south of Artesia Boulevard This division often works with the Port of Los Angeles Police 38 The 260 Harbor division members operate out of a 40million 50000squarefoot 4600 m2 police station that was opened in April 2009 on John S Gibson Blvd 39 Southeast Division The Southeast Area 18 like the 77th Street Division patrols a part of South Los Angeles 40 Their area extends to the city limits north of Artesia Boulevard includes Watts and areas south of Manchester Avenue 41 Southwest Division The Southwest Area 3 serves all of the city limits south of the Santa Monica Freeway west of the Harbor Freeway north of Vernon Avenue and east of the Culver CityLennoxBaldwin Hills area 42 This section also includes the University of Southern California and Exposition Park 43 OperationsValley Bureauedit The Valley Bureau is the largest of the four patrol bureaus in terms of size about 221 square miles44 and oversees operations within the San Fernando Valley 44 It consists of seven patrol divisions and a traffic division which handles trafficrelated duties such as accident investigation and the issuing of citationstickets 45 An LAPD patrol car in the North Hills Mission Division The Mission Area 19 community police station began operations in May 2005 This was the first new station to be created in more than a quarter of a century The Mission Area covers the eastern half of the old Devonshire and the western half of the Foothill Divisions in the San Fernando Valley including Mission Hills and Panorama City 46 Devonshire Division The Devonshire Area 17 is responsible for the northwestern parts of the San Fernando Valley including parts of Chatsworth and Northridge 47 Foothill Division The Foothill Area 16 patrols parts of the San Fernando Valley including Sun Valley and the Crescenta Valley including SunlandTujunga 48 North Hollywood Division See also North Hollywood shootout The North Hollywood Area 15 is responsible for Studio City Valley Village and the North Hollywood Region 49 Van Nuys Division The Van Nuys Area 9 serves the area of Van Nuys California 50 West Valley Division The West Valley Area 10 is responsible for parts of the San Fernando Valley including parts of Encino Northridge Reseda and Winnetka where it is based 51 Topanga Division The Topanga 21 community police station began operations in January 2009 26 It is responsible for parts of the San Fernando Valley that are within the citys 3rd Council District including Woodland Hills and Canoga Park where it is based 52 OperationsWest Bureauedit The West Valley Division police station The West Bureaus operations cover most of the wellknown areas of Los Angeles including Hollywood Westwood the Hollywood Hills area the UCLA campus and Venice 53 This does not include Beverly Hills54 and Santa Monica55 which are separate cities from Los Angeles and maintain their own law enforcement agencies The West Bureau consists of five patrol divisions and a traffic division which handles trafficrelated duties such as accident investigation and the issuing of citations and tickets 56 Traffic Divisions also conduct DUI enforcement through a DUI Task Force composed mostly of motorcycle or motor officers In addition to this overt enforcement activity the traffic detective bureau houses a Habitual Traffic Offender Unit also known as an H2O detail which conducts undercover surveillance of habitual DUI offenders and other criminals with suspended licenses Hollywood Division The Hollywood Area 6 community police station serves the Hollywood region including the Hollywood Hills Hollywood Boulevard and the Sunset Strip 57 Wilshire Division The Wilshire Area 7 community police station serves the MidWilshire Miracle Mile region including Koreatown MidCity Carthay and the Fairfax District 58 Pacific Division The Pacific Area 14 community police station serves the southern portion of West Los Angeles including Venice Beach Venice and Playa del Rey Some officers assigned to the Pacific Division are commonly assigned to work with the Los Angeles Airport Police at the Los Angeles International Airport 59 Pacific Division was formerly known as Venice Division West Los Angeles Division The West Los Angeles Area 8 community police station serves the northern portion of the West Side 60 Communities within its service area include Pacific Palisades Century City Brentwood Westwood West Los Angeles and Cheviot Hills UCLA which also has its own police department and Twentieth Century Fox are both located there 61 Olympic Division The LAPD Olympic Division Station The Olympic 20 community police station opened its doors on January 4 2009 with an open house on January 17 The Olympic Area will be a small section of the Hollywood Division and is composed of areas from Rampart and Wilshire divisions 2662 It provides services to a 6 2squaremile 16 km2 area of the MidCity region including Koreatown and a section of the Miracle Mile with a population of 200000 62 The 54000squarefoot 5000 m2 station is located at the southeast corner of Vermont Avenue and Eleventh Street and houses 293 officers The construction cost was 34 million Office of Special Operationsedit The Office of Special Operations is a new office that was created in 2010 Headed by an Assistant Chief currently Assistant Chief Beatrice Girmala and the Assistant to the Director which is a Commander the office comprises the Property Division Security Services Division Custody Services Division the Detective Bureau and the Counter Terrorism and Special Operations Bureau Detective Bureauedit Badge of an LAPD detective with the badge number 2434 The Detective Bureau which reports to the Director of the Office of Special Operations consists of several divisions and sections responsible for investigating a variety of crimes 63 Investigative Analysis Section Forensic Science Division FSD5 Technical Investigation Division TID5 RobberyHomicide Division RHD Homicide Special Section HSS Robbery Special Section RSS Special Assault Section SAS Cold Case Special Section CCSS Special Investigation Section SIS Commercial Crimes Division Detective Support and Vice Division Mental Evaluation Unit Threat Management Unit Juvenile Division Gang and Narcotics Division Counter Terrorism and Special Operations Bureauedit The Counter Terrorism and Special Operations Bureau provides the Los Angeles Police Department specialized tactical resources in support of operations during daily field activities unusual occurrences and especially during serious disturbances and elevated terrorism threat conditions 64 Counter Terrorism and Special Operations Bureau was created from the merger of the Counter Terrorism and Criminal Intelligence Bureau with the Special Operations Bureau in 2010 LAPD SWAT officers breaching a room Structure of the Counter Terrorism and Special Operations Bureau Major Crimes Division Emergency Services Division Air Support Division Emergency Operations Division Metropolitan Division A B C and G Platoons Crime Suppression D Platoon Special Weapons and Tactics SWAT E Platoon Mounted Unit H Platoon Municipal Executives Protection Detail K9 Platoon Canine Unit M Platoon Administrative and Operations Planning Office of Administrative Servicesedit The Office of Administrative Services is a new office that was created in 2010 Headed by an Assistant Chief and the Assistant to the Director which is a Commander the office is divided into RACR the Behavioral Science Services Fiscal Operations Division Administrative Services Bureau and the Police Sciences and Training Bureau The RACR or RealTime Analysis & Critical Response Division began operations in March 2006 It is composed of the Department Operations Section which includes the Department Operations Center Unit Department Operations Support Unit and the Incident Command Post Unit Detective Support Section and the Crime Analysis Section 65 Rank structure and insigniaedit See also Police ranks of the United States Senior ranks Insignia Notes66 Chief of Police Appointment made by the Mayor of Los Angeles with majority approval of the Police Commission Must have a college degree and 12 years in law enforcement Assistant ChiefPolice Deputy Chief II Eligible to be appointed to Deputy Chief I after at least one years service as a Commander Police Deputy Chief I Police Commander Eligibility for rank promotion achieved after completion of required probationary periods Police Captain IIIPolice Captain IIPolice Captain I Police Lieutenant IIPolice Lieutenant I Insignia are worn as metal pins on the collars of a shirt and as shoulder marks on a jacket Police officers Insignia Detectives Insignia Notes66 Police Sergeant II Police Detective III At least two years service as Sergeant or Detective before eligibility for promotion to Lieutenant I Police Sergeant I Police Detective II Promotion based on panel interviewdepartmental assessment Police Detective I Police Officer III ‡ At least four years service as a Police Officer before becoming eligible for promotion to Sergeant I or Detective I which requires an additional examination and interview Police Officer II No insignia At least three years service as a Police Officer before eligibility for promotion to Police Officer III Police Officer I Automatic promotion to Police Officer II upon satisfactory completion of an 18month probationary assignment 6 months at the academy plus a 12month field assessment Insignia are worn as embroidered chevrons on the upper sleeves of a shirt or jacket ‡ Certain Police Officers III in special or hazard pay situations Police Officer III1s are denoted by a Police Officer III insignia and star These roles can include traffic followup investigators canine training officers SWAT platoon element leaders and Senior Lead Officers who coordinate geographical areas 67 Specialized unit insignia are worn at the top of the sleeve beneath the shoulder for officers assigned to the traffic divisions and Air Support Division Officers assigned to area patrol divisions have historically not worn any departmental shoulder patch Service stripes are worn above the left cuff on a longsleeved shirt Each silver stripe represents five years of service in the LAPD Supervisory terminologyedit The following names are used to describe supervision levels within the LAPD68 Position Description Staff Officer Any rank above captain Commanding Officer Any officer in charge of a bureau a group a geographical area or a division Director An officer commanding an Office of the LAPD Field Commander Any officer who takes command at an emergency situation or who is in command at a planned special events Watch Commander An officer in charge of a specific watch within a division or geographical area Supervisor An officer engaged in field supervision or in general supervision of a section or unit Officer in Charge ‡ An officer in charge of a section incident or unit ‡ As detectives are considered specialists within the LAPD they are normally considered to be separate from the uniformed line of command The seniormost detective is therefore permitted to take charge of an incident when it is necessary for investigative purposes superseding the chainofcommand of other higherranking officers in attendance 68125 Chiefs of Policeedit Further information List of Los Angeles Police Department Chiefs of Police Since 1876 there have been 56 appointed chiefs of the Los Angeles Police Department William H Parker was the longest serving police chief in Los Angeles Police Department history serving for 16 years as Chief of LAPD 69 Staffingedit Limitationsedit LAPD officers during an Occupy LA protest The Los Angeles Police Department has suffered from chronic underfunding and understaffing in recent years 70 Compared to most other major cities in the United States and though its the third largest police department in the country Los Angeles has historically had one of the lowest ratios of police personnel to population served 70 Former police chief William J Bratton made enlarging the Department one of his top priorities Bratton has been quoted as saying You give me 4000 more officers and Ill give you the safest city in the world 71 The Los Angeles Police Department has one officer for every 426 residents 70 As a point of comparison New York City has one NYPD officer for every 228 residents 70 For Los Angeles to have the same ratio of officers to residents as New York City the LAPD would need to have nearly 17000 officers Further points of comparison include Chicago which has a ratio of one officer per 216 citizens and Philadelphia whose officer per citizen ratio is 1 to 219 70 And the same ratio for Londons Metropolitan Police is 1 to 15272 to make an international comparison In recent years the department had been conducting a massive recruiting effort with a goal of hiring an additional 1500 police officers The city has three specialized agencies not affiliated with the LAPD directly which serve the Port the Airport and the Unified School District Art Theft Detailedit The LAPDs Art Theft Detail is the only fulltime municipal law enforcement unit in the United States devoted to the investigation of art crimes 73 The longtime head and often sole member of the unit is Detective Don Hrycyk who in 2014 was described as being a 40year veteran of the department with twenty years as the only known fulltime art detective in the United States 7374 According to the LAPD the unit has recovered over 121 million in stolen works since 1993 7374 The Art Theft Detail is part of the Burglary Special Section of the Detective Bureau of the LAPD 75 Unionedit The Los Angeles Police Protective League LAPPL is the labor union for LAPD officers up to the rank of lieutenant 76 Cadet programedit The LAPD have their own version of the police explorer programs that are present in many police departments called the cadet program The program was formerly called the explorer program but it was changed to the cadet program after the police commission broke off their partnership with the Boy scouts over their rules policy of barring gays atheists and agnostics from being troop leaders 7778 In order to join the cadet program a person must be between the ages of 13 and 21 meet certain academic requirements have no serious criminal record meet several other requirements and complete the cadet academy 79 An LAPD cadet conducting a hand cuffing drill The newer cadet program shifted focus from the old explorer program which tried to guide members to a career in law enforcement to a program that tries to give cadets a solid foundation in life and to help them prepare for whatever careers they choose by offering things like tutoring and college scholarships to different cadets in need of assistance 80 The cadets complete courses not only on law enforcement but also on citizenship leadership financial literacy and other different skill sets 80 Cadets work different positions including ride alongs crowd control charity assistance working in stations and other tasks 80 The cadet program has posts at all of the LAPDs regional divisions as well as specialized divisions including the Metropolitan Division and the communications division and as of 2014 there were 5000 cadets 80 Demographicsedit Up to the Gates administration the LAPD was predominantly white 80 in 1980 and many officers had resided outside the city limits 81Simi Valley the Ventura County suburb that later became infamous as the site of the state trial that immediately preceded the 1992 Los Angeles riots has long been home to a large concentration of LAPD officers most of them white 81 A 1994 ACLU study of officers home zip codes concluded that over 80 of police officers resided outside the city limits 81 Hiring quotas began to change this during the 1980s but it was not until the Christopher Commission reforms that substantial numbers of black Hispanic and Asian officers began to be hired on to the force Minority officers can be found in both rankandfile and leadership positions in virtually all divisions and the LAPD is starting to reflect the general population The LAPD was in 1910 to hire the first female police officer in the United States Alice Stebbins Wells 82 On the LAPD through the early 1970s women were classified as policewomen Through the 1950s their duties generally consisted as working as matrons in the jail system or dealing with troubled youths working in detective assignments Rarely did they work any type of field assignment and they were not allowed to promote above the rank of sergeant A lawsuit by a policewoman Fanchon Blake from the 1980s instituted court ordered mandates that the department begin actively hiring and promoting women police officers in its ranks The department eliminated the rank of Policeman from new hires at that time along with the rank of Policewoman Anyone already in those positions was grandfathered in but new hires were classified instead as Police Officers which continues to this day In 2002 women made up 18 9 of the force In 1886 the department hired its first two black officers Robert William Stewart and Roy Green 7 The LAPD was one of the first two police departments in the country to hire an AfricanAmerican woman officer Georgia Ann Robinson in 1919 8485 Despite this the department was slow at integration During the 1965 Watts riots only 5 of the 205 police assigned to South Central Los Angeles were black despite the fact that it was the largest black community in Los Angeles Los Angeles first black mayor Tom Bradley was an expolice officer and quit the department after being unable to advance past the rank of lieutenant like other black police officers in the department When Bradley was elected mayor in 1972 only 5 of LAPD officers were black86 and there was only one black captain in the department Homer Broome Broome would break down racial barriers on the force going on to become first black officer to obtain the rank of commander and the first black to command a police station the Southwest Division which included historically black neighborhoods of South Central Los Angeles in 1975 87 According to the LAPD and Latin American Law Enforcement Association in 2013 the Los Angeles Police Department was 81 male 34 9 of the department was white 43 6 of the department was HispanicLatino 11 6 was African American 7 2 was Asian 2 2 was Filipino American and 0 8 Indian and Other Ethnicities 8889 Languagesedit The LAPD has grown over the years in the number of officers who speak languages in addition to English There were 483 bilingual or multilingual officers in 1974 and 1560 in 1998 and 2500 in 2001 that spoke at least one of 32 languages 90 In 2001 a study was released that found that NonEnglishspeaking callers to the 911 and nonemergency response lines often receive no language translation often receive incomplete information and sometimes receive rude responses from police employees 90 The issue of a lack of multilingual officers lead to reforms including bonuses and salary increases for officers who are certified in second languages 90 Currently over a third of LAPD officers are certified in speaking one or more languages other than English 91 The department also uses a device called the phraselator to translate and broadcast thousands of prerecorded phrases in a multitude of languages and is commonly used to broadcast messages in different languages from police vehicles 91 Work environment and payedit LAPD officers during a march LAPD patrol officers have a threeday 12hour and fourday 10hour work week schedule The department has over 250 types of job assignments and each officer is eligible for such assignments after two years on patrol LAPD patrol officers almost always work with a partner unlike most suburban departments surrounding the city of Los Angeles which deploy officers in oneofficer units in order to maximize police presence and to allow a smaller number of officers to patrol a larger area LAPD officers patrolling at the Staples Center The departments training division has three facilities throughout the city including Elysian Park Ahmanson Recruit Training Center Westchester and the Edward Davis Training Center Granada Hills 92 From spring 2007 through the spring of 2009 new recruits could earn money through sign on bonuses ranging from 5000 to 10000 Those bonuses ended in 2009 9394 Sign on bonuses were paid 12 after graduation from the academy and 12 after completion of probation 94 Also 2000 could be added for sign ons from outside the Los Angeles area for housing arrangements 94 As of July 2009 new recruits earned starting salaries of 56522–61095 depending on education level and began earning their full salary on their first day of academy training 95 In January 2010 the starting base salary for incoming police officers was lowered by 20 At the time If the applicant had graduated from high school their starting salary would be 45226 if they had at least 60 college units with an overall GPA of 2 0 or better their salary would start at 47043 and if the applicant had fully completed a college degree the salary would start at 48880 In 2014 after negotiations between the city and the police officers union reached an agreement on police officer pay that would give pay increases to nearly 1000 officers who joined the department since the salaries for incoming officers were cut 96 The agreement also raised starting salaries for officers to 57420 with an additional increase to 60552 after 6 months which would become effective in the beginning of 2015 96 The agreement would also change the current overtime payment system from a deferred payment system which was implemented to cut costs to a payasyougo overtime system as well as increasing the overtime budget from 30 million to 70 million 96 Body camerasedit Beginning in September 2013 the LAPD started a trial program for the use of body worn cameras with 30 officers in the Skid Row area 97 Reports from the trial program indicated that the cameras functioned well and that they assisted in deescalating situations although there were some technical issues with the cameras along with slight issues with the cameras falling off of officers during movement 9899 In November 2014 in a sign of body camera purchases to come the department chose Taser International as the vendor for body cameras to be used by the LAPD after their use in the trial program earlier in the year 100101 On December 16 2014 Mayor Eric Garcetti announced that the city would purchase 7000 body worn cameras from Taser for use by the department 102 Patrol officers will be equipped with the cameras which will be purchased in the next fiscal year in order to outfit all patrol officers by the expected completion date in June 2016 103 700 of the cameras will first be deployed to patrol officers in the Central Mission and Newton patrol areas of the city beginning in January 2015 103 1 55 million was raised from private donors to start the body camera program for the initial rollout phase in order to ease budget constraints for the city with another 1 million coming from the National Institute of Justice a branch of the Department of Justice 103 In total the body cameras will most likely cost less than 10 million and will be included in Garcettis proposed fiscal year 2016 budget 104 Before all of the cameras are deployed to patrol officers the Police Commission will create a policy that governs the use of the cameras and video footage while consulting with department and city officials along with outside organizations including other departments who already use body cameras 104 While the commission has not created a policy yet as of December 2014 several guidelines were already outlined by the Mayor including that officers would have to turn on the cameras whenever they arrest or detain someone for interrogation but many public interactions such as domestic violence interviews would not be recorded 104 The cameras may also be turned off in situations where police use deadly force 105 Prior to the rollout of any body worn cameras officers were able to carry personally owned audio recording devices starting in 1994 if they file an application and obtain the requisite permission 106 Resourcesedit Main article Los Angeles Police Department resources An LAPD policeman armed with an AR15 in 2011 Firearmsedit Before the early 1970s LAPD officers were issued the sixshot double actionsingle action Smith & Wesson Model 14 38 Special revolver along with the Smith & Wesson Model 10 107 From the early 1970s to 1988 officers were armed with the sixshot double actionsingle action Smith & Wesson Model 15 revolver also known as the 38 Combat Masterpiece 107 This was specifically designed at the request of the Los Angeles Police Department It was a 38 caliber Smith & Wesson Model 10 variant with nonsnag highprofile adjustable sights LAPD Model 15s were often modified by an armorer to fire doubleaction only meaning officers could not cock the hammer This was to prevent accidental discharges caused by the short light singleaction trigger pull that some officers used Many officers and detectives also carried the Model 36 Chiefs Special as a backup revolver and often offduty In the patrol cars locked to a steel bar was an Ithaca 37 12gauge shotgun loaded with 00 doubleaught buckshot nine pellets to the cartridge with one round in the chamber and four in the magazine tube The shotgun was made specifically for the Los Angeles Police Department and was called the L A P D Special The shotgun was based on the Ithaca Model 37 Deerslayer which was a weapon designed to hunt large game with rifled slugs As a consequence of being designed for use with slugs it had rifle sights unlike most shotguns The L A P D Special had a dull parkerized military finish instead of the more usual high gloss blue finish The barrel was 18 and a half inches long as opposed to the twenty inches of the civilian version The advantages of the Ithaca Model 37 Shotgun over the Winchester Mossberg and Remington models were that the Ithaca weighed a pound less and could be used with equal ease by right or lefthanded shooters due to the unique bottom ejection port and loading chamber it used The Ithaca 37 is still in use todaywhen as the main shotgun carried by LAPD officers and has been in use since the 1940s In response to increasing firepower carried by criminals including fully automatic weapons and assault rifles LAPD patrol officers were issued the Beretta 92F 107 Laterwhen officers were able to carry the Smith & Wesson Model 5906 a semiautomatic 9mm pistol in addition to a few other approved weapons in 9mm caliber 107 In response to the North Hollywood shootout of 1997 LAPD officers had the option of carrying the Smith & Wesson Model 4506 and 4566 service pistols in 45 ACP caliber 107 Also due to the North Hollywood incident qualified officers were issued patrol rifles called UPR Urban Police Rifle consisting mainly of AR15 variants chambered in 223 after being certified from LAPD Urban Police Rifle School Until 2002 LAPD officers standard issue pistol was the Beretta 92F92FS However when William Bratton was appointed Chief of the LAPD he allowed his officers to carry the Glock pistol a weapon which the two previous departments he was chief at the New York City Police Department and the Boston Police Department carried New officers graduating from the LAPD academy are now issued the Glock 22 or Glock 17 but can qualify in a variety of firearms 108 Officers now have the option to carry Smith & Wesson M&P models on and offduty citation needed Officers now have the choice of carrying Beretta109 9mm S92F 92FS 8045 4 barrel Smith & Wesson109 9mm 5906 3914 3913 CS9 6904 6906 45 ACP 4506 4566 4516 4567 Glock109 9mm Model 17 Model 19 Model 26 40 caliber Model 22 Model 23 Model 27 45 ACP Model 21 Model 30 Model 36 Along with those handguns officers have the option of using these rifles while on duty Colt109 5 56 223 Colt Tactical Carbine Smith & Wesson109 5 56 223 Smith & Wesson M&P15 The LAPD SWAT team carry the Kimber Custom TLE II in 2002 renaming it the Kimber LAPD SWAT Custom II 110 Before that LAPD SWAT carried modified Springfield or Colt M1911 pistols In the 80s and early 90s SWAT carried Colt RO727s and RO733s In 2000 they began using the M4A1s In 2010 LAPD SWAT began issuing Heckler & Koch HK416 rifles 109 Currently SWATs primary weapons are the Heckler & Koch HK416 rifle the M4 Carbine the FN SCAR rifle the Colt 9mm submachine gun the HK MP5 submachine gun the Armalite AR10 sniper rifle the Remington 700 sniper rifle the Barrett M82 sniper rifle the M14 sniper rifle the Benelli M4 Super 90 shotgun and the Remington 870 shotgun 109 The LAPD recentlywhen announced that they will be incorporating a new shotgun the Benelli M4 Super 90 and officers will go through additional training for the use of the semiautomatic shotgun and will have to privately purchase the gun if they elect to switch from the standard pumpaction Remington 870 The LAPD also has 37mm launchers and modified beanbag firing Remington 870s for crowd control when less than lethal force is needed 109 Awards commendations citations and medalsedit The department presents a number of medals to its members for meritorious service 111 The medals that the LAPD awards to its officers are as follows Braveryedit Medal of Valor Solid blue and white ribbon The Los Angeles Police Department Medal of Valor is the highest law enforcement medal awarded to officers by the Los Angeles Police Department The Medal of Valor is an award for bravery usually awarded to officers for individual acts of extraordinary bravery or heroism performed in the line of duty at extreme and lifethreatening personal risk 111112 Liberty Award The Liberty Award is a bravery medal for police canines killed or seriously injured in the line of duty The award which was inaugurated in 1990 is named after Liberty a Metropolitan Division K9 shot and killed in the line of duty Libertys handler received the Medal of Valor for the same incident So far it has only been awarded once in the LAPDs history 111 Police Medal for Heroism The Police Medal is an award for bravery usually awarded to officers for individual acts of heroism in the line of duty though not above and beyond the call of duty as is required for the Medal of Valor 111 Police Star The Police Star is an award for bravery usually awarded to officers for performing with exceptional judgment andor utilizing skillful tactics in order to defuse dangerous and stressful situations 111 Police LifeSaving Medal The Police LifeSaving Medal is an award for bravery usually awarded to officers for taking action in order to rescue or attempt the rescue of either a fellow officer or any person from imminent danger 111 Serviceedit Police Distinguished Service Medal111 Police Meritorious Service Medal111 Police Meritorious Achievement Medal111 Police Commission Distinguished Service Medal111 Community Policing Medal111 Human Relations Medal111 Unit citationsedit Police Commission Unit Citation111 Police Meritorious Unit Citation111 Ribbonsedit 1984 Summer Olympics Ribbon Given to any LAPD officer who saw service during the 1984 Summer Olympics from July 28 to August 12 1984 111113 1987 Papal Visit Ribbon Given to LAPD officers who were used during the September 1987 pastoral visit of Pope John Paul II 111114 1992 Civil Disturbance Ribbon Given to any LAPD officer who saw service during the 1992 Los Angeles riots from April 29 to May 4 1992 111115 1994 Earthquake Ribbon Given to any LAPD officer who saw service during the 1994 Northridge earthquake from January 17 to January 18 1994 111116 Reserve Service Ribbon Awarded for 4000 hours of service as a Reserve Police officer Marksmanship Badgesedit The LAPD also awards Distinguished Expert Expert Sharpshooter and Marksman badges to those who attain progressively higher qualification scores on its range Bonus pay is given to qualifiers and some assignments may require such demonstrated weapons skill beyond that earned in basic training 117 Fallen officersedit Main article List of Los Angeles Police Department officers killed in the line of duty Randal Simmons the first LAPD SWAT officer to be killed in the line of duty on February 7 2008 Since the establishment of the Los Angeles Police Department 206 officers have died in the line of duty 118 Randy Simmons was the first LAPD SWAT officer to be killed in the line of duty in 2008 119 There have been two memorials to fallen LAPD officers One was outside Parker Center the former headquarters which was unveiled on October 1 1971 120 The monument was a fountain made from black granite its base inscribed with the names of the LAPD officers who died while serving the City of Los Angeles 120 The old monument located at Parker Center was destroyed in the process of being transported but was replaced by a new memorial at the current police headquarters building This memorial dedicated on October 14 2009 is made up of more than 2000 brass alloy plaques 202 of which are inscribed with the names of fallen police officers 121 The cause of deaths of LAPD officers who have been killed in the line of duty are as follows Cause of deaths Number of deaths Aircraft accident 8 Automobile accident 29 Bicycle accident 1 Bomb 2 Electrocuted 1 Fall 1 Fire 1 Gunfire 101 Gunfire accidental 4 Heart attack 3 Heat exhaustion 1 Motorcycle accident 34 Struck by streetcar 1 Struck by train 4 Struck by vehicle 3 Train accident 1 Training accident 1 Vehicle pursuit 2 Vehicular assault 8 Total 206 Two deaths are unsolved122 both of offduty officers Fred Early shot in 1972123 and Michael Lee Edwards shot in May 1974 124 Controversies and misconductedit Over the years the Los Angeles Police Department has been the subject of a number of scandals police misconduct and other controversies Before 1950 The widely publicized case of Christine and Walter Collins was depicted in the 2008 film Changeling In March 1928 Christine Collins reported her nineyearold son Walter missing Five months later a boy named Arthur Hutchins came forth claiming to be Walter When Mrs Collins tried to tell the police that the boy was not her son she was committed to a mental institution under a Section 12 internment It was later determined that Walter had actually fallen victim to a child rapistmurderer in the infamous Wineville Chicken Coop Murders Arthur Hutchins eventually admitted that he had lied about his identity in order to get to Hollywood and meet his favorite actor Tom Mix 1950s Bloody Christmas was the name given to the severe beating of seven civilians under LAPD custody on December 25 1951 The attacks which left five Hispanic and two white young men with broken bones and ruptured organs was only properly investigated after lobbying from the Mexican American community The internal inquiry by Los Angeles Chief of Police William H Parker resulted in eight police officers being indicted for the assaults 54 being transferred and 39 suspended 125 1960s In 1962 the controversial LAPD shooting of seven unarmed members of the Nation of Islam resulted in the death of Ronald Stokes and led to protests of the LAPD led by Malcolm X and the Nation of Islam 126 1970s In the 1970s and into the 1980s biased policing as it was known in the LAPD vernacular also known as racial profiling was alleged to have been commonplace in the department 127128 This policing alienated the department from minority residents and gained the department a reputation of abuse of power and bias against minority residents 127128 1980s Early in his tenure as Chief of Police Daryl Gates reinstituted the use of the choke hold placing an arm or flashlight over someones throat in order to subdue suspects In 1982 this technique was used and lead to the death of a suspect James Mincey Jr Following Minceys death the Police Commission barred the use of the chokehold by officers unless it was in a lifethreatening situation 129 An investigation into the use of the choke hold found that sixteen people had died after being restrained by police choke holds 130 In 1986 Officer Stephanie Lazarus killed her exboyfriends new wife Despite the victims fathers insistence that Lazarus should be a suspect in the murder she was not considered so by the police In 2012 DNA evidence led to her arrest and conviction 131 In 1986 the department purchased a 14ton armored breaching vehicle used to smash quickly through the walls of houses of suspects 132 The ACLU questioned the constitutionality of the vehicle 133 Ultimately the California Appellate Court ruled that the vehicle was unconstitutional violating lawful search and seizure 133 In 1988 AfricanAmerican baseball sportscaster and retired Baseball Hall of Fame player Joe Morgan was detained at Los Angeles International Airport by LAPD and L A Airport Police officers after falsely being identified as a drug dealer 134 He was released when the LAPD realized their mistake in identity Morgan subsequently filed a civil suit against both the LAPD and the city for the unlawful detention after the city cleared the detective of wrongdoing The lawsuit would eventually be settled in 1993 and Morgan was awarded 800000 by the Los Angeles City Council 134 On 1 August 1988 as part of Chief Gates Operation Hammer directed against gangs SWAT teams raided four apartments at 39th Street and Dalton Avenue According to an investigation by the departments Internal Affairs the team leader Captain Thomas Elfmont directed his men to hit the apartments hard to level them and to leave them uninhabitable The police detained 37 people making seven arrests They also found six ounces of marijuana and a small amount of cocaine The seven were beaten by the police and at the police station forced to whistle the theme to the Andy Griffith Show Those who refused were beaten again Nobody was charged with a crime The city paid four million dollars to settle the matter 135136 On September 4 1988 LAPD officers raided the home of Roger Guydon looking for drugs They found nothing In 1991 Guydon won a 760000 lawsuit against the city 137 1990s See also Christopher Commission In April 1991 the Christopher Commission was formed in the wake of the Rodney King beating by thenmayor of Los Angeles Tom Bradley It was chaired by attorney Warren Christopher and was created to examine the structure and operation of the LAPD The commission found that there were a significant number of LAPD officers who used excessive force and that the disciplinary structure was weak and ineffective It also found that hiring practices as well as their handling of excessive force complaints 138 Fewer than a third of the suggested reforms were then put into place 139 On July 1 1992 John Daniels Jr 36 a tow truck driver was fatally shot by LAPD Officer Douglas Iversen as he was driving away from a service station in South Central Iversen was charged with second degree murder and two separate juries were deadlocked on the charge The case was dismissed by a judge 140 Daniels family received a 1 2 million settlement after filing a lawsuit against the City of Los Angeles 141 Main article 1992 Los Angeles riots The Los Angeles riots of 1992 also known as the Rodney King uprising or the Rodney King riots began on April 29 1992 when a jury acquitted four LAPD police officers accused in the videotaped beating of an African American Rodney King following a highspeed car pursuit on March 3 1991 142 After seven days of jury deliberations the jury acquitted all four officers of assault and acquitted three of the four of using excessive force The evening after the verdict thousands of people in the Los Angeles area rioted over the six days following the verdict Widespread looting assault arson and murder occurred and property damages totaled one billion dollars In all 53 people died during the riots 143 Main article Rampart scandal On 12 October 1996 LAPD Officers Rafael Pérez and Nino Durden entered the apartment of Javier Ovando They shot the man in the back paralyzing him from the waist down They then planted a gun on the unarmed man to make it appear he had attacked them The two officers then perjured themselves Ovando was sentenced to 23 years in custody based on their testimony Later one of the officers admitted his crime Ovando was released and in 2000 paid 15 million for his injuries and imprisonment The officers actions lead to the exposure of the Rampart Scandal By 2001 the resulting investigations would lead to more than 75 officers being investigated or charged and over 100 criminal cases being overturned due to perjury or other forms of misconduct much based on the pleabargain testimony of Perez 2000s On July 10 2005 while under the influence of alcohol and cocaine Jose Pena took his 19monthold daughter Suzie hostage in his home 145 After police arrived Pena threatened to kill her and himself after firing at others earlier SWAT officers were called in 145 After negotiations to try and release the Pena daughter were unsuccessful four SWAT officers entered the home and during a gunfight both Mr Pena and his infant daughter were killed and one officer was wounded 145 Suzie Penas death was the first death of a hostage ever in LAPD SWAT history and the LAPD was criticized for their actions but later on an independent board of inquiry cleared the SWAT officers of any wrongdoing 145 A judge later dismissed a lawsuit by the mother of Suzie Pena on the grounds that the officers acted reasonably in the case and no negligence was involved 146 Main article 2007 MacArthur Park rallies On May Day 2007 immigrant rights groups held rallies in MacArthur Park in support of undocumented immigrants The rallies were permitted and initially the protesters followed the terms of the permits but some of the protesters began blocking the street and after warnings by the LAPD the protesters in the street didnt disperse and the rally was declared an unlawful assembly 147 The LAPD only announced the declaration of the unlawful assembly in English leading to confusion by some in the crowd who only spoke Spanish 147 Police officers held a line to prevent protesters from entering the street and held the line and did not disperse the crowd until rocks bottles and other objects began to be thrown at the police 148 The officers began slowly advancing and fired rubber bullets and used batons to disperse crowd members who refused to comply with police orders to leave the area 148 Police were heavily criticized for firing rubber bullets at some journalists and hitting some with batons who did not disperse along with the crowds 148 Seventeen officers and two sergeants of the metropolitan division were recommended for punishment by a department internal review for their actions in the incident 149 In 2008 Officer Russell Mecano offered to not arrest a woman in exchange for sex and offered cash to another woman in exchange for sex He was convicted and sentenced to more than 8 years 150 2010s On July 22 2012 Alesia Thomas an African American woman died in the back of a police car Thomas was kicked in the upper thigh groin and abdomen in the back seat of a squad car and later died Her cause of death was ruled undetermined and the autopsy report mentioned cocaine intoxication as a major contributing factor and also indicated that the struggle with officers could not be excluded as a contributing factor to her death It was later revealed the Thomas was also bipolar 151 Later on LAPD officer Mary OCallaghan was charged with assault over her actions in the case 152 As a result of these events on September 1 2012 civil rights activists requested an emergency meeting with LAPD Chief Charlie Beck to review arrest and useofforce policies following her death 153 On August 18 2012 Ronald Weekley Jr a college student was punched in the face while being arrested after being stopped for riding his skateboard on the wrong side of the street 154 On August 21 2012 Michelle Jordan a registered nurse was pulled over for holding her cell phone while driving She was thrown to the ground twice in the course of being arrested after getting out of the car and refusing to comply with an officers command to get back in the vehicle 154 Main article Christopher Dorner shootings and manhunt On February 7 2013 the LAPD was involved in what Chief Charlie Beck called a case of mistaken identity when during the manhunt for murderer and fired LAPD officer Christopher Dorner the LAPD and the Torrance Police Department fired upon pickup trucks at two separate locations believing them to be Dorner 155 The first incident took place on the 19500 Block of Redbeam Avenue LAPD officers fired numerous shots into the back of a blue pickup truck allegedly without warning and injured the two women inside The second incident twentyfive minutes later involved the Torrance Police shooting into the windshield of another pickup truck narrowly missing the driver In both cases the victims were not involved with the Dorner case 156 The Dorner case itself involved allegations of impropriety by other LAPD officers as Dorner alleged that he had been fired for reporting brutality by his training officer The manhunt had been triggered by Dorners alleged attacks against LAPD and exLAPD personnel In 2013 the city of Los Angeles agreed to pay two female victims of the first incident 2 1 million each to settle the matter 157 The city of Torrance agreed to pay the victim of the second incident 1 8 million 158 In May 2014 after much controversy in their own city the Seattle Police Department transferred two Draganflyer X6 UAVs to the LAPD 159 The LAPD stated that the only uses for the drones would be for narrow and prescribed circumstances such as hostage situations but that they would not be put into use until the Board of Police Commissioners and the City Attorney crafted a policy for their use after the LA City Council ordered the policy creation 160161 The decision to use the drones gained significant opposition from community activists including the ACLU and new groups founded after the announcement about drone use including Stop LAPD Spying Coalition and the DroneFree LAPD No Drones LA activist groups who protested outside of city hall against the use of drones by the LAPD 162 On August 11 2014 an AfricanAmerican man Ezell Ford was shot by two LAPD gang detectives after they made an investigative stop of Ford on the street Ford was unarmed and the officers claim that he got into a physical struggle with one of them and then reached for their gun forcing them to fire on Ford while some witnesses who claim to have seen the incident allege that there was no struggle 163 The autopsy report was ordered to be released by Mayor Eric Garcetti before the end of 2014 164 On September 11 2014 AfricanAmerican actress Danièle Watts was temporarily detained by the LAPD when she and her boyfriend were in Studio City 165 Watts accused the officers who stopped her of racially profiling her because she was AfricanAmerican and her boyfriend was Caucasian claiming that they treated her as if she was a prostitute and that the officers had been disrespectful to her because she was AfricanAmerican 165 LAPD Sergeant Jim Parker who was one of the two officers accused by Watts of misconduct released a personal audio recording of the entire incident to TMZ The recording showed that police had received a 911 call about lewd acts in a car and the couple who were described to have committed the lewd acts fit Watts and her boyfriends description It also showed that when officers arrived on scene Watts boyfriend cooperated with police but Watts refused to cooperate and identify herself accused the officers of racism and ignored officers requests and walked away from them leading to her being handcuffed and temporarily detained Following the release of the recording local civil rights activists called for Watts to apologize to the LAPD for falsely accusing them of racial profiling but Watts refused 167 The two officers were cleared of any wrongdoing by the department shortly after the release of the audio recordings 168 In October 2014 the LAPD Office of the Inspector General released a report that members of the department had been using department computers to falsely inflate the number of officers and patrol cars that were on duty at any given time in a method known as ghost cars 169 The report found that supervisors of various ranks would check officers into vacant assignments right before the departments computerized patrol software did its head count and then log the officers off when the count was done 170 The report found that the practice occurred in at least five out of 21 patrol divisions and the report also highlighted the causes including understaffing in the LAPD 171 Consent decreeedit See also Consent decree Following the Rampart Division CRASH scandal of the late 1990s and early 2000s the United States Department of Justice entered into a consent decree with the LAPD regarding numerous civil rights violations 172 Mayor Richard J Riordan and the Los Angeles city council agreed to the terms of the decree on November 2 2000 The federal judge formally entered the decree into law on June 15 2001 The consent decree is legally binding and lasted until July 17 2009 when U S District Court Judge Gary Feess terminated it 173 Under the terms of a transitional agreement approved by Feess the Board of Police Commissioners and the Office of Inspector General which monitors the department on behalf of the Board of Police Commissioners will assume responsibility for keeping tabs on the departments efforts to fully implement a few stillincomplete or recently finished reforms If lawyers for the U S Department of Justice are not satisfied with the oversight by the LAPDs inspector general the agreement allows them to object and bring the department back before Feess The consent decree placed emphasis on several major areas including management and supervisory measures in order to promote civil rights integrity along with revising critical incident procedures documentation investigation and review revising the management of gang units revising the management of confidential informants program development for response to persons with mental illness improving training increased integrity audits increasing the operations of the Police Commission and the Inspector General and increasing community outreach and public information 173 The consent decree includes several recommendations from the Rampart Board of Inquiry and several consent decree provisions mandate the department to continue existing policies Several of the more complex or major provisions in the decree call for things such as the development of a risk management system the creation of a new division to investigate all use of force now known as Force Investigative Division the creation of a new division to conduct audits departmentwide the creation of a field data capture system to track the race ethnicity or national origin of the motorists and pedestrians stopped by the department the creation of an Ethics Enforcement Section within the Internal Affairs Group the transfer of investigative authority to Internal Affairs of all serious personnel complaint investigations a nationwide study by an independent consultant on law enforcement dealing with the mentally ill to help the departments refine its own system a study by an independent consultant of the departments training programs and the creation of an informant manual and database173 The Consent Decree Bureau was the LAPD bureau charged with overseeing this process Until 2009 the commanding officer of the Consent Decree Bureau a civilian appointed by the chief of police was Police Administrator Gerald L Chaleff 173174 See alsoedit Los Angeles portal Law enforcementLaw enforcement topics portal Los Angeles County Sheriffs Department Los Angeles General Services Police Law enforcement in Los Angeles County Crime in Los Angeles List of law enforcement agencies in California Gangster Squad LAPD Referencesedit Best Lapd Jacket Photos 2017 – Blue Maize www bluemaize net Retrieved August 7 2017 LAPD Windbreaker Police Forums & Law Enforcement Forums Officer com Retrieved August 6 2017 a b c The Los Angeles Police Department Then and Now Los Angeles Police Museum Retrieved November 29 2014 a b c d e Fulltime Law Enforcement Employees by State by City 2013 Federal Bureau of Investigation Retrieved November 29 2014 a b c d e f LAPD Organizational Chart Los Angeles Police Department Retrieved July 7 2016 Law Enforcement Management and Administrative Statistics PDF Bureau of Justice Statistics Retrieved June 19 2012 a b c The LAPD 1850–1900 Los Angeles Police Department Retrieved August 4 2008 History of the LASD Los Angeles County Sheriffs Department Retrieved August 4 2008 Calling All Cars Old Time Radio Internet Archive Calling All Cars episodic log otrsite com Wayback Machine May 13 2008 a b The LAPD 1926–1950 Los Angeles Police Department Retrieved August 4 2008 The LAPD Chief Parker Los Angeles Police Department Retrieved December 24 2008 a b c Michael J Hayde 2001 My Names Friday The Unauthorized but True Story of Dragnet and the Films of Jack Webb Cumberland House ISBN 1581821905 Michael J Hayde My Names Friday The Unauthorized but True Story of Dragnet and the Films of Jack Webb Cumberland House 2001 ISBN 1581821905 quote at p 192 a b Development of SWAT Los Angeles Police Department Retrieved June 6 2008 LAPD SWAT Team History Liberty References Retrieved December 25 2011 Los Angeles Board of Police Commissioners LAPD Retrieved 20080402 Office of the Chief of Police Los Angeles Police Department Retrieved August 11 2008 a b c d e Office of the Inspector General Los Angeles Police Department Retrieved December 18 2014 Federal prosecutor named LAPD inspector general L A P D To Protect And To Serve Los Angeles Daily News November 1 2011 Retrieved December 18 2014 Office of Operations Los Angeles Police Department Retrieved August 11 2008 a b LAPD Organization Chart Los Angeles Police Department Retrieved August 11 2008 Cutting Crime and Restoring Order What America Can Learn from New Yorks Finest The Heritage Foundation Retrieved July 7 2006 COMPSTAT Los Angeles Police Department Retrieved July 7 2006 a b c LAPDs Topanga station to open Los Angeles Daily News December 31 2008 Retrieved November 29 2014 a b About Central Bureau Los Angeles Police Department Retrieved April 2 2008 Central Bureau Los Angeles Police Department Retrieved July 9 2008 Central Community Police Station Los Angeles Police Department Retrieved April 2 2008 Rampart Community Police Station Los Angeles Police Department Retrieved April 2 2008 Hollenbeck Community Police Station Los Angeles Police Department Retrieved April 2 2008 Northeast Community Police Station Los Angeles Police Department Retrieved April 2 2008 Newton Community Police Station Los Angeles Police Department Retrieved April 2 2008 Our Beats Inglewood Police Department Retrieved December 25 2011 Los Angeles County Sheriffs Department – Compton Station Los Angeles County Sheriffs Department Retrieved August 11 2008 South Bureau Los Angeles Police Department Retrieved July 9 2008 77th Street Community Police Station Los Angeles Police Department Retrieved April 2 2008 Harbor Community Police Station Los Angeles Police Department Retrieved April 2 2008 LAPD opens new Harbor station Los Angeles Times April 25 2009 Retrieved April 26 2009 Southeast Community Police Station Los Angeles Police Department Retrieved April 2 2008 About Southeast Community Police Station Los Angeles Police Department Retrieved July 15 2008 Southwest Community Police Station Los Angeles Police Department Retrieved April 2 2008 About Southwest Los Angeles Police Department Retrieved July 15 2008 a b About Valley Bureau Los Angeles Police Department Retrieved August 11 2008 Valley Bureau Los Angeles Police Department Retrieved July 9 2008 Mission Community Police Station Los Angeles Police Department Retrieved April 2 2008 Devonshire Community Police Station Los Angeles Police Department Retrieved April 2 2008 Foothill Community Police Station Los Angeles Police Department Retrieved April 2 2008 North Hollywood Community Police Station Los Angeles Police Department Retrieved April 2 2008 Van Nuys Community Police Station Los Angeles Police Department Retrieved April 2 2008 West Valley Community Police Station Los Angeles Police Department Retrieved April 2 2008 Name The New LAPD Station Win 1000 LAist January 2 2008 Retrieved July 31 2008 About West Bureau Los Angeles Police Department Retrieved August 11 2008 Beverly Hills Police Department Beverly Hills Police Department Retrieved August 11 2008 Santa Monica Police Department Santa Monica Police Department Retrieved August 11 2008 West Bureau Los Angeles Police Department Retrieved July 9 2008 Hollywood Community Police Station Los Angeles Police Department Retrieved April 2 2008 Wilshire Community Police Station Los Angeles Police Department Retrieved April 2 2008 Pacific Community Police Station Los Angeles Police Department Retrieved April 2 2008 West Los Angeles Community Police Station Los Angeles Police Department Retrieved April 2 2008 West Bureau Community Police Stations Los Angeles Police Department Retrieved July 9 2008 a b Asian Pacific Islander Forum Los Angeles Police Department Retrieved July 31 2008 Detective Bureau Los Angeles Police Department Retrieved July 9 2008 Special Operations Bureau Los Angeles Police Department Retrieved July 9 2008 Regional Crime Center Los Angeles Police Department Retrieved January 1 2009 a b The LAPD Career Ladder Join LAPD Archived from the original on August 23 2011 Retrieved August 18 2011 Quality of Life Issues Los Angeles Police Department Retrieved August 18 2011 a b Supervision Los Angeles Police Department Retrieved November 21 2012 Brief biography Los Angeles Police Department Retrieved August 11 2008 a b c d e LAPD Announces Crime Down Again in 2005 Los Angeles Police Department Retrieved July 13 2008 Los Angeles Police Department History LAPD Authors Retrieved July 13 2008 As of 2011 – 74 million people served by 48661 fulltime employed personnel London City Police excluded but they are far fewer and covers only the square mile Source Metropolitan Police in this Wiki a b c Alma Fausto LAPDs lone art cop draws on plenty of experience Orange County Register a b Sarah Cascone Meet Don Hrycyk the LAPDs Veteran Art Detective ArtNet News September 18 2014 Commercial Crimes Division Los Angeles Police Department accessed December 4 2014 Deitz Robert 1996 Willful Injustice A PostO J Look at Rodney King American Justice and Trial by Race Regnery Publishing p 176 ISBN 9780895264572 Scoutfree LAPD Explorer program in the works Los Angeles Daily News December 7 2009 Retrieved December 17 2014 LAPDs Explorers program to sever ties with Boy Scouts KPCC December 22 2009 Retrieved December 17 2014 Eligibility LAPD Cadets Community Youth Program Retrieved December 17 2014 a b c d LAPD cadet program aims to give teens communities a brighter future Los Angeles Times July 5 2014 Retrieved December 17 2014 a b c ACLU Says 83 of Police Live Outside L A Los Angeles Times March 29 1994 Retrieved November 29 2014 Women in the LAPD Los Angeles Police Department Retrieved September 21 2007 a b c d e f Are Women Better Cops TIME Magazine February 17 1992 Retrieved August 11 2008 Corsianos Marilyn 2009 Policing and gendered justice examining the possibilities Toronto University of Toronto Press p 29 ISBN 9780802096791 Retrieved 24 June 2017 Janik Erika 2017 Pistols and Petticoats 175 Years of Lady Detectives in Fact and Fiction Boston MA Beacon Press ISBN 0807047880 Retrieved 24 June 2017 Lou Cannon Official negligence how Rodney King and the riots changed Los Angeles and the LAPD p 71 ISBN 0813337259 LAPDs First Black Commander Los Angeles Times November 27 2007 Retrieved May 11 2010 LAPD Command is Majority White Even as The Department Has Diversified LA Weekly May 31 2013 Retrieved November 29 2014 Sworn and Civilian Report Los Angeles Police Department Retrieved November 29 2014 a b c LAPD Found Lacking in Languages Los Angeles Times June 13 2001 Retrieved December 17 2014 a b LAPD finds a way to connect Los Angeles Times January 16 2008 Retrieved December 18 2014 LAPD Training Division Mission Statement and Overview Los Angeles Police Department Retrieved December 22 2008 Join LAPDOfficial Recruitment Site Los Angeles Police Department Retrieved July 13 2008 a b c Join LAPDSigning Bonus Los Angeles Police Department Retrieved July 13 2008 Join LAPDOfficial Recruitment Site Los Angeles Police Department Retrieved July 13 2009 a b c More overtime pay limited raises in tentative LAPD labor deal Los Angeles Times July 1 2014 Retrieved December 3 2014 LAPD begins testing onbody cameras on officers Los Angeles Times January 15 2014 Retrieved December 18 2014 Officials report positive reviews of LAPDs onbody cameras Los Angeles Daily News March 11 2014 Retrieved December 18 2014 LAPD body cameras Tests show they fall off KPCC May 6 2014 Retrieved December 18 2014 LAPD moves one step closer to onbody cameras for officers Los Angeles Times November 4 2014 Retrieved December 18 2014 LAPD selects Taser brand bodycameras for future use ABC 7 Los Angeles November 4 2014 Retrieved December 18 2014 L A will buy 7000 body cameras for police officers Los Angeles Times December 16 2014 Retrieved December 18 2014 a b c LAPD announces body camera rollout for patrol officers KPCC December 16 2014 Retrieved December 18 2014 a b c LAPD to get 7000 officer body cameras Pasadena StarNews December 16 2014 Retrieved December 18 2014 about Jade Hernandezt bio March 4 2017 Man armed with pipe fatally shot by police in downtown LA officials say Can cops record you without your consent And other questions from the Watts case KPCC September 22 2014 Retrieved December 18 2014 a b c d e Guns of the Los Angeles Police Department Gun Nuts Media October 8 2013 Retrieved December 4 2014 Firearms Section – LAPD Los Angeles Police Department Retrieved December 25 2011 a b c d e f g h LAPD Equipment Los Angeles Police Department Retrieved December 4 2014 The 45 makes a comeback during the war on terrorism WorldTechTribune April 5 2004 Retrieved December 4 2014 a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r Description of LAPD Awards and Decorations Los Angeles Police Department Retrieved August 11 2008 Medal of Valor Los Angeles Police Department Retrieved August 5 2008 1984 Summer Olympics Los Angeles Police Department Retrieved July 28 2008 1987 Papal Visit Los Angeles Police Department Retrieved July 31 2008 1992 Civil Disturbance Los Angeles Police Department Retrieved July 31 2008 1994 Earthquake Los Angeles Police Department Retrieved July 31 2008 LAPD medals Littledetails livejournal com December 10 2007 Archived from the original on January 11 2013 Retrieved March 3 2014 Honoring All Fallen Members of the Los Angeles Police Department Officer Down Memorial Page Retrieved February 9 2016 LAPD Metro Divisions 7th Annual Randy Simmons 5k Challenge Run Crossfit and Bike Ride KTLA October 9 2014 Retrieved December 6 2014 a b History of Parker Center Los Angeles Police Department Retrieved April 8 2008 LAPD memorial for fallen officers finds its way home Los Angeles Times September 23 2009 Retrieved December 6 2014 Unsolved Deaths of Officers Killed in the Line of Duty Los Angeles Police Department Retrieved March 3 2014 Special Bulletin Murder of Los Angeles Police Officer Information Wanted PDF Los Angeles Police Department April 4 1973 Retrieved December 6 2014 Los Angeles Police Department Bulletin PDF Los Angeles Police Department January 25 2000 Retrieved December 6 2014 Escobar Edward May 2003 Bloody Christmas and the Irony of Police Professionalism The Los Angeles Police Department Mexican Americans and Police Reform in the 1950s Pacific Historical Review 72 2 171–199 doi10 1525phr 2003 72 2 171 And This Happened in Los Angeles Malcolm X Describes Police Brutality Against Members of the Nation of Islam George Mason University Retrieved August 4 2008 a b LAPD officer profiled Latinos in traffic stops internal probe concludes Los Angeles Times March 27 2012 Retrieved December 14 2014 a b Officer engaged in racial profiling LAPD probe finds Los Angeles Times March 26 2012 Retrieved December 14 2014 Final Suit Over LAPDs Use of Chokehold Settled Los Angeles Times September 29 1993 Retrieved November 14 2014 How The Supreme Court Helped Make It Possible For Police To Kill By Chokehold ThinkProgress December 4 2014 Retrieved December 14 2014 Parents of woman killed by exLAPD cop Stephanie Lazarus cant sue Los Angeles Times February 25 2013 Retrieved December 14 2014 A Ram at Rest These Are Quiet Times for LAPDs Battering Vehicle Los Angeles Times February 10 1986 Retrieved November 30 2010 a b Langford v Superior Court 1987 Justia US Law Retrieved December 14 2014 a b L A Settles Joe Morgan Suit for 796000 Los Angeles Times November 17 1993 Retrieved July 3 2007 Raid Of The Day The 39th & Dalton Edition The Huffington Post February 5 2013 Retrieved December 14 2014 Reports Tell of Frenzy and Zeal in Police Raid Los Angeles Times November 26 1990 Retrieved December 14 2014 Man Awarded 760000 in Police Brutality Suit Los Angeles Times June 22 1991 Retrieved December 14 2014 Report of the Independent Commission on the Los Angeles Police Department PDF Police Assessment Resource Center Archived from the original PDF on July 22 2011 Retrieved August 8 2011 L A adopts less than third of postriot police reforms Baltimore Sun January 3 1995 Retrieved December 14 2014 Kelly Thomas Convicting a cop is a tough call Los Angeles Times LA agrees to pay almost 2 million in two police shootings Los Angeles Times The police verdict Los Angeles Policemen Acquitted in Taped Beating The New York Times April 30 1992 Retrieved August 11 2008 Twenty Years Later L A s Divisions Fade The Wall Street Journal April 27 2012 Retrieved December 14 2014 a b c d The LAPDs assault on SWAT Los Angeles Times March 16 2008 Retrieved December 23 2014 Judge dismisses suit filed by mother of toddler killed by LAPD bullet Los Angeles Times August 3 2009 Retrieved December 23 2014 a b USLed Planes Strike ISIS Oil Facilities in Syria KPCC June 30 2010 Retrieved December 18 2014 a b c May Day Madness National Review May 3 2007 Retrieved December 18 2014 Officers in melee to face censure Los Angeles Times July 9 2008 Retrieved December 18 2014 LAPD officer sentenced to prison for sexual assaulting one woman soliciting sex from another Los Angeles Times May 26 2011 Retrieved May 26 2011 Officer Used Unnecessary Force Before Womans Death LAPD Says KNBC Jun 28 2013 Retrieved December 14 2014 LAPD Officer Pleads Not Guilty to Assault Charge in Arrest Death Case KNBC October 15 2013 Retrieved December 14 2014 Civil rights groups call for emergency meeting with LAPD chief Los Angeles Times September 1 2012 Retrieved December 14 2014 a b LAPD Violent Arrests Recent Spate Of Controversies Could Harm Goodwill Efforts The Huffington Post Associated Press August 31 2012 Retrieved December 14 2014 Christopher Dorner manhunt Two innocent women shot by LAPD officers had no warning CBS News February 8 2013 Retrieved December 14 2014 Police shoot two in Torrance in search for exLAPD cop Los Angeles Times February 8 2013 Retrieved December 14 2014 California Officers Faulted in Mistaken Shooting The New York Times February 4 2014 Retrieved December 14 2014 Torrance sufer shot at during Dorner manhunt to receive 1 8 million Los Angeles Times July 24 2014 Retrieved November 22 2014 SPD UAVs Leave Seattle to Try to Make It In Hollywood Seattle Police Department June 2 2014 Retrieved December 23 2014 LAPD adds drones to arsenal says theyll be used sparingly Los Angeles Times May 30 2014 Retrieved December 23 2014 Los Angeles City Council Instructs Los Angeles Police Department To Create Drone Policy Forbes October 31 2014 Retrieved December 23 2014 LAPDs 2 Drones Will Remain Grounded During Policy Review Police Commission Says Amid Protest KTLA September 15 2014 Retrieved December 23 2014 LAPD chief No new witnesses in police shooting of Ezell Ford Los Angeles Times December 4 2014 Retrieved December 14 2014 Ezell Ford shooting Mayor orders autopsy report to be released soon Los Angeles Times November 13 2014 Retrieved December 14 2014 a b LAPD investigates officers conduct in detention of actress Los Angeles Times September 14 2014 Retrieved December 18 2014 Actress Refuses To Apologize To LAPD Over RacialProfiling Accusation CBS Los Angeles September 24 2014 Retrieved December 18 2014 LAPD Chief Beck Officer who handcuffed actress Daniele Watts acted appropriately KPCC September 16 2014 Retrieved December 18 2014 Ghost cars LAPD faked patrol stats police watchdog says KPCC October 10 2014 Retrieved December 23 2014 LAPD Watchdog Finds Ghost cars Inflated Patrol Numbers ABC Los Angeles October 14 2014 Retrieved December 23 2014 LAPD deployed ghost cars to meet staffing standards report finds Los Angeles Times October 10 2014 Retrieved December 23 2014 Consent Decree Overview Civil Rights Consent Decree Los Angeles Police Department Retrieved April 2 2008 a b c d Consent Decree Bureau LAPD Retrieved 20131006 About the Consent Decree Bureau Los Angeles Police Department Retrieved July 9 2007 External linksedit Official website LAPD Recruitment