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Serengeti National Park - Wikipedia The Serengeti National Park is a Tanzanian national park in the Serengeti ecosystem in the Mara and Simiyu regions. It is famous for its annual migration of over 1.5 ...
Serengeti National Park - Wikipedia Serengeti National Park The Serengeti National Park is a Tanzanian national park in the Serengeti ecosystem in the Mara and Simiyu regions Impalas Wildebeests 23 It is famous for its annual migration of over 1 5 million whitebearded or brindled wildebeest and 250000 zebra and for its numerous Nile crocodile and honey badger Contents 1 History 2 Geography 3 Wildlife 4 Administration and protection 5 Proposed road across the northern Serengeti 6 Proposed extension of park boundaries to Lake Victoria 7 In popular culture 8 Properties and lodges 9 Gallery 10 References 11 Further reading 12 External links Historyedit A group of lions in a tree on the Serengeti prairies The Maasai people had been grazing their livestock in the open plains of eastern Mara Region which they named endless plains for around 200 years when the first European explorer Austrian Oscar Baumann visited the area in 1892 4 The name Serengeti is an approximation of the word used by the Maasai to describe the area siringet which means the place where the land runs on forever 5 The first American to enter the Serengeti Stewart Edward White recorded his explorations in the northern Serengeti in 1913 He returned to the Serengeti in the 1920s and camped in the area around Seronera for three months During this time he and his companions shot 50 lions 6 Because the hunting of lions made them scarce the British colonial administration made a partial game reserve of 800 acres 3 2 km2 in the area in 1921 and a full one in 1929 These actions were the basis for Serengeti National Park5 which was established in 1951 The Serengeti gained more fame after the initial work of Bernhard Grzimek and his son Michael in the 1950s Together they produced the book and film Serengeti Shall Not Die widely recognized as one of the most important early pieces of nature conservation documentary citation needed To preserve wildlife the British evicted the resident Maasai from the park in 1959 and moved them to the Ngorongoro Conservation Area There is still considerable controversy surrounding this move with claims made of coercion and deceit on the part of the colonial authorities 5 The park is Tanzanias oldest national park and remains the flagship of the countrys tourism industry providing a major draw to the Northern Safari Circuit encompassing Lake Manyara National Park Tarangire National Park Arusha National Park and the Ngorongoro Conservation Area It has over 2500 lions and more than 1 million wildebeest Geographyedit The park covers 14750 square kilometres 5700 sq mi7 of grassland plains savanna riverine forest and woodlands The park lies in northwestern Tanzania bordered to the north by the Kenyan border where it is continuous with the Maasai Mara National Reserve To the southeast of the park is the Ngorongoro Conservation Area to the southwest lies Maswa Game Reserve to the west are the Ikorongo and Grumeti Game Reserves and to the northeast and east lies the Loliondo Game Control Area Together these areas form the larger Serengeti ecosystem The park is usually described as divided into three regions Serengeti plains the almost treeless grassland of the south is the most emblematic scenery of the park This is where the wildebeest breed as they remain in the plains from December to May Other hoofed animals zebra gazelle impala hartebeest topi buffalo waterbuck also occur in huge numbers during the wet season Kopjes are granite florations that are very common in the region and they are great observation posts for predators as well as a refuge for hyrax and pythons Western corridor the black clay soil covers the savannah of this region The Grumeti River and its gallery forests is home to Nile crocodiles patas monkeys hippopotamus and martial eagles The migration passes through from May to July Wildebeest on the main highway of the Western Corridor Northern Serengeti the landscape is dominated by open woodlands predominantly Commiphora and hills ranging from Seronera in the south to the Mara River on the Kenyan border Apart from the migratory wildebeest and zebra which occur from July to August and in November this is the best place to find elephant giraffe and dik dik Human habitation is forbidden in the park with the exception of staff for the Tanzania National Parks Authority researchers and staff of the Frankfurt Zoological Society and staff of the various lodges campsites and hotels The main settlement is Seronera which houses the majority of research staff and the parks main headquarters including its primary airstrip A group of flamingo in a small lake inside Serengeti plain Wildlifeedit An African leopardess and her cub in a tree on the Serengeti Plain A Tanzanian cheetah in the Serengeti prairies Grey crowned crane in Serengeti National Park Tanzania A herd of elephants in the morning in Serengeti National Park A Superb starling in the Serengeti National Park The park is worldwide known for its incredible scenery and magnificent wildlife Some of the most popular animals among tourists include Masai lion the Serengeti is believed to hold the largest population of lions in Africa due in part to the abundance of prey species More than 3000 lions live in this ecosystem African leopard these reclusive predators are commonly seen in the Seronera region but are present throughout the national park with the population at around 1000 Tanzanian cheetah the fastest running land animal can reach speeds of up to 70 mph The ability to be so quick allows them to capture prey that no other animals can catch It is estimated there are over 1000 individuals living in the park African bush elephant the herds have recovered successfully from population lows in the 1980s caused by poaching numbering over 5000 individuals8 and are largely located in the northern regions of the park Eastern black rhinoceros mainly found around the kopjes in the centre of the park very few individuals remain due to rampant poaching Individuals from the Masai Mara Reserve cross the park border and enter Serengeti from the northern section at times African buffalo still abundant and present in healthy numbers Serengeti wildebeest the park is home to spectacular migration events Large ungulates from Grants gazelles to blue wildebeests travel across vast tracts of land as the seasons change The population of migratory wildebeests is approximately 1 Impalas Wildebeests 2 million An impala in the park Apart from the vast herds of migratory and some resident wildebeest and zebra the park is also densely packed with other plains game including half a million Thomsons and Grants gazelle over 8000 Masai giraffe warthog topi common eland waterbuck grey duiker impala klipspringer roan antelope bushbuck lesser kudu fringeeared oryx and cokes hartebeest Carnivores include about 4000 spotted hyena two species of jackals African golden wolf honey badger striped hyena serval seven species of mongooses two species of otters and the recently reintroduced East African wild dog extinct since 1991 Apart from the safari staples primates such as yellow and olive baboons and vervet monkey patas monkey blackandwhite colobus are also seen in the gallery forests of the Grumeti River Other mammals are include aardvark aardwolf bateared fox ground pangolin crested porcupine three species of hyraxes cape hare Serengeti National Park has also great ornithological interest boasting about 500 bird species including Masai ostrich secretarybird kori bustards helmeted guineafowls southern ground hornbill crowned cranes marabou storks yellowbilled stork lesser flamingo martial eagles lovebirds oxpeckers and many species of vultures Reptiles in Serengeti National Park are include Nile crocodile leopard tortoise serrated hinged terrapin rainbow agama Nile monitor chameleons African python black mamba blacknecked spitting cobra puff adder Administration and protectionedit Because of its biodiversity and ecological significance the park has been listed by the United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organization as a World Heritage Site As a national park it is designated as a Category II protected area under the system developed by the International Union for Conservation of Nature which means that it should be managed through either a legal instrument or another effective means to protect the ecosystem or ecological processes as a whole citation needed The administrative body for all parks in Tanzania is the Tanzania National Parks Authority Myles Turner was one of the parks first game wardens and is credited with bringing its rampant poaching under control 9 His autobiography My Serengeti Years The Memoirs of an African Game Warden provides a detailed history of the parks early years Snapshot Serengeti is a science project by the University of Minnesota Lion Project which seeks to classify over 30 species of animals within the park using 225 camera traps to better understand how they interact with each other and lions 10 Proposed road across the northern Serengetiedit In July 2010 President Jakaya Kikwete renewed his support for an upgraded road through the northern portion of the park to link Mto wa Mbu southeast of Ngorongoro Crater and Musoma on Lake Victoria While he said that the road would lead to muchneeded development in poor communities others including conservation groups and foreign governments like Kenya argued that the road could irreparably damage the great migration and the parks ecosystem 111213 The African Network for Animal Welfare sued the Tanzanian government in December 2010 at the East African Court of Justice in Arusha to prevent the road project The court ruled in June 2014 that the plan to build the road was unlawful because it would infringe the East African Community Treaty under which member countries must respect protocols on conservation protection and management of natural resources The court therefore restrained the government from going ahead with the project 14 Proposed extension of park boundaries to Lake Victoriaedit Government officials have proposed expanding the Serengeti National Park to reach Lake Victoria because increasingly intense droughts are threatening the survival of millions of animals 15 In popular cultureedit ●The park was the location of filming for The Grassland Landscape Of Planet Serengeti along with Masai Mara ●The Fictional Gigantogiraffa was based on the Giraffe of the Serengeti National Park Properties and lodgesedit listed alphabetically16 Buffalo Luxury Camp Dunia Camp Four Seasons Safari Lodge Serengeti Ikoma Tented Camp Kati Kati Camp Kiota Camp Kirurumu Serengeti Camp Lemala Kuria Hills Lodge Mbuzi Mawe Serena Camp Robanda Tented Camp Sayari Camp Serengeti Bushtops Camp Serengeti Pioneer Camp Galleryedit Two zebras Evening skyline impalas A tree at dusk Elephant Stripes of zebra Giraffe Human settlement Closer view of a human settlement Elephant Referencesedit Dar registers three wonders Daily News Tanzania 20 August 2012 Retrieved 28 January 2013 The official Map of Tanzania with New Regions and Districts Ministry of Lands Housing and Human Settlements Development 21 September 2012 Simiyu Region Retrieved 22 October 2016 Dr Oscar Baumann Information about northern Tanzania a personal scrapbook of cuttings from published sources a b c Heartbreak on the Serengeti National Geographic Magazine reported by Robert M Poole February 2006 Stewart Edward White Information about northern Tanzania a personal scrapbook of cuttings from published sources Tanzania in figures 2012 National Bureau of Statistics Ministry of Finance June 2013 page 12 Mduma H Musyoki C Maliti Kyale D Nindi S Hamza K Ndetei R Machoke M Kimutai D Muteti D Maloba M Bakari S and Kohi E Aerial Total Count of Elephants and Buffaloes in the SerengetiMara Ecosystem PDF WWFWorld Wide Fund For Nature Formerly World Wildlife Fund Nairobi Kenya CS1 maint Multiple names authors list link Serengeti Myles Turner Retrieved 22 October 2016 Snapshot Serengeti Retrieved 12 December 2012 Serengeti Road Plan Offers Prospects and Fears New York Times reported by Jeffrey Gettleman 30 October 2010 Serengeti Highway threatens great migration Agence FrancePresse reported by Francois Ausseill reprinted at StarAfrica com 29 October 2010 Controversy over Serengeti road plan deepens Business Daily reported by Paul Wafula 7 October 2010 Tanzania loses Serengeti road case The Citizen reported by Zephania Ubwani 21 June 2014 accessed 23 November 2014 Thirsty Serengeti wildlife to get new water hole Lake Victoria Reuters reported by Kizito Makoye 15 September 2014 accessed 4 November 2014 Serengeti National Park Archives TanzaniaGetaways Retrieved 22 October 2016 Further readingedit Homewood K W & Rodgers W A 1991 Maasailand Ecology Pastoralist Development and Wildlife Conservation in Ngorongoro Tanzania New York Cambridge University Press ISBN 0521400023 Turner Myles 1988 My Serengeti Years the Memoirs of an African Games Warden New York W W Norton ISBN 0393025764 External linksedit Super Pride National Geographic Channel Serengeti Official website Serengeti National Park Tanzania National Parks Authority WCMC World Heritage Site Serengeti Map of Serengeti National Park