Charles, Prince of Wales - Wikipedia Charles, Prince of Wales (Charles Philip Arthur George; born 14 November 1948) is the eldest child and heir apparent of Queen Elizabeth II. Known alternatively in ...
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Sari - Wikipedia A sari, saree, or shari is a female garment from the Indian subcontinent that consists of a drape varying from five to nine yards (4.5 metres to 8 metres) in length ...
Sari - Wikipedia This article is about the garment Princess Nine Complete Collection Vols 1 6 For other uses see Sari disambiguation Woman and girl dressed in traditional Mahārāshtrian sāri A sari saree or sharinote 1 is a female garment from the Indian subcontinent1 that consists of a drape varying from five to nine yards 4 5 metres to 8 metres in length2 and two to four feet 60 cm to 1 20 m in breadth3 that is typically wrapped around the waist with one end draped over the shoulder baring the midriff 456 There are various styles of sari draping the most common being the Nivi style which originated in Andhra Pradesh India The sari is usually worn over a petticoat with a fitted upper garment commonly called a blouse ravike in South India and choli elsewhere The blouse has short sleeves and is usually cropped at the midriff The sari is associated with grace and is widely regarded as a symbol of grace in cultures of the Indian subcontinent Contents 1 Etymology 2 Origins and history 3 Styles of draping 3 1 Historic photographs and regional styles 3 2 Nivi style 3 3 Professional style of draping 4 Bangladesh 5 Pakistan 6 Sri Lanka 7 Nepal 8 Similarities with other Asian clothing 9 Ornamentation and decorative accessories 10 Sari outside South Asia 11 Types 11 1 Central styles 11 2 Eastern styles 11 3 Western styles 11 4 Southern styles 11 5 Northern styles 12 Images 13 See also 14 Notes 15 References 16 External links Etymologyedit The word sari described in Sanskrit शाटी śāṭī7 which means strip of cloth8 and शाडी śāḍī or साडी sāḍī in Pali and which was corrupted to sāṛī in modern Indian languages 9 The word Sattika is mentioned as describing womens attire in ancient India in Sanskrit literature and Buddhist literature called Jatakas 10 This could be equivalent to modern day Sari 10 The term for female bodice the choli evolved from ancient Stanapatta 1112Rajatarangini meaning the river of kings a tenthcentury literary work by Kalhana states that the choli from the Deccan was introduced under the royal order in Kashmir 13 The petticoat is called parkar परकर in Marathi pavadai பாவாடை in Tamil pavada in other parts of South India Malayalam പാവാട Telugu పావడ translit pāvāḍai Kannada ಪಾವುಡೆ translit pāvuḍe and shaya সায়া in Bengali and eastern India Apart from the standard petticoat it may also be called inner skirt 14 or an inskirt Origins and historyedit In the history of Indian clothing the sari is traced back to the Indus Valley Civilisation which flourished during 2800–1800 BC around the northwestern part of the Indian subcontinent 456Cotton was first cultivated and woven in Indian subcontinent around 5th millennium BC 15 Dyes used during this period are still in use particularly indigo lac red madder and turmeric 16Silk was woven around 2450 BC and 2000 BC 1718 The earliest known depiction of the sari in the Indian subcontinent is the statue of an Indus Valley priest wearing a drape 456 The sari evolved from a threepiece ensemble comprising the Antriya the lower garment the Uttariya a veil worn over the shoulder or the head and the Stanapatta a chestband This ensemble is mentioned in Sanskrit literature and Buddhist Pali literature during the 6th century B C 19 This complete threepiece dress was known as Poshak generic term for costume 20 Ancient Antriya closely resembled dothi wrap in the fishtail version which was passed through legs covered the legs loosely and then flowed into a long decorative pleats at front of the legs 42122 It further evolved into Bhairnivasani skirt today known as ghagri and lehenga 23Uttariya was a shawllike veil worn over the shoulder or head it evolved into what is known today known as dupatta and ghoongat 24 Likewise Stanapatta evolved into choli by 1st century A D 1112 Between 2nd century B C to 1st century A D Antariya and Uttariya was merged to form a single garment known as sari mentioned in Pali literature which served the purpose of two garments in onepiece 2526 The ancient Sanskrit work Kadambari by Banabhatta and ancient Tamil poetry such as the Silappadhikaram describes women in exquisite drapery or sari 13272829 In ancient India although women wore saris that bared the midriff the Dharmasastra writers stated that women should be dressed such that the navel would never become visible 3031 By which for some time the navel exposure became a taboo and the navel was concealed 53233 In ancient Indian tradition and the Natya Shastra an ancient Indian treatise describing ancient dance and costumes the navel of the Supreme Being is considered to be the source of life and creativity hence the midriff is to be left bare by the sari 3435 Early Sanskrit literature has a wide vocabulary of terms for the veiling used by women such as Avagunthana ogunthetioguṇthikā meaning cloakveil Uttariya meaning shoulderveil Mukhapata meaning faceveil and Sirovastra meaning headveil 36 In the Pratimānātaka a play by Bhāsa describes in context of Avagunthana veil that ladies may be seen without any blame for the parties concerned in a religious session in marriage festivities during a calamity and in a forest 36 The same sentiment is more generically expressed in later Sanskrit literature 37Śūdraka the author of Mṛcchakatika set in fifth century BC says that the Avagaunthaha was not used by women everyday and at every time He says that a married lady was expected to put on a veil while moving in the public 37 This may indicate that it was not necessary for unmarried females to put on a veil 37 In 3rd century CE Mahayana Buddhists attempt to counter this growing veiling practice ogunthetioguṇthikā in Lalitavistara Sūtra 38 This form of veiling by married women is still prevalent in Hindispeaking areas and is known as ghoonghat where the loose end of a sari is pulled over the head to act as a facial veil 39 Based on sculptures and paintings tight bodices or cholis are believed have evolved between 2nd century B C to 6th century A D in various regional styles 4040 Early cholis were front covering tied at the back this style was more common in parts of ancient northern India This ancient form of bodice or choli are still common in the state of Rajasthan today 41 Varies styles of decorative traditional embroidery like gota patti mochi pakko kharak suf kathi phulkari and gamthi are done on cholis 42 In Southern parts of India choli is known as ravikie which is tied at the front instead of back kasuti is traditional form of embroidery used for cholis in this region 43 In Nepal choli is known as cholo or chaubandi cholo and is