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African medicine: The Ifa medicine of West Africa Ifa medicine is a West African medicine that utilizes focused attention on the natural world and its herbal medicine


A two minute clip of an Osun Priestess in her personal practice Contains ordering information for the 94 min DVD and 40 page companion booklet Changing



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Appendix: A Gallery of Archetypes - Caroline Myss Join Caroline's newsletter and get this FREE video workshop! What You Need to Know About the Power of Choice. In this 4 hour presentation, Caroline Myss will help you ...

Appendix: A Gallery of Archetypes The archetypes listed here in boldface type are just a few of the many ancient patterns that exist in human consciousness Priestess Of Osun My Practice Many additional archetypes that are closely related are mentioned in parentheses such as Hermit found under Mystic Therapist under Healer or Pirate under Rebel Please read through the entire list looking at all the archetypes in parentheses before assuming that the one you’re looking for isn’t here Naturally it’s impossible to list all the hundreds of archetypes that exist but these are some of the most common and include just about all that are mentioned in my book CD or tape of Sacred Contracts If you feel that you have an archetype that isn’t found here please do not hesitate to give it careful consideration and feel free to include it in your support team Remember that all archetypes are essentially neutral and manifest in both light and shadow attributes Accordingly I have tried to include both sets of attributes for each listing along with cues to help you determine whether a given archetype may be part of your lifelong support team of twelve To help you further I’ve listed some examples of each archetype as embodied in popular film fiction drama and the world’s religions and mythologies In evaluating whether an archetype is part of your intimate group pay special attention to whether you can perceive a pattern of influence throughout your history rather than only isolated or recent incidents Never evaluate your connection to an archetype only by obvious markers You have to stretch your imagination and burrow into yourself to discover your life patterns lessons and gifts This inner knowledge does not surface easily Addict Conspicuous Consumer Glutton Workaholic–see also Gambler Every one of us is touched by the Addict archetype The only question is how much of our lives is consumed by it Besides the usual suspects–drugs alcohol food and sex–one can be addicted to work sports television exercise computer games spiritual practice negative attitudes and the kinds of thrills that bring on adrenaline rushes In its positive aspect this archetype helps you recognize when an outside substance habit relationship or any expression of life has more authority over your will power than does your inner spirit Confronting addiction and breaking the hold that a pattern or substance has on you can impart great strength to your psyche Discovering the empowerment that comes with perseverance has a lifelong impact becoming a reference point for what you are able to accomplish In the words of one former alcoholic “I know now that if I can quit drinking I can do anything ” From a symbolic perspective the shadow aspect of the Addict represents a struggle with will power and the absence of selfcontrol People who are extremely intellectual or emotional frequently have a close link to this archetype because they struggle to balance these powers Without this internal balance the will may give up its power to an external substance that exerts authority providing shadow order to your life The shadow Addict compromises your integrity and honesty Many addicts for example steal as a means of supporting their habit In evaluating your connection to the Addict review how many of your life’s challenges concern an external substance or a consistent domineering pattern of trying to maintain order in your life Although that challenge is a part of all of our lives the degree to which an addiction controls you and your lifestyle determines whether the Addict is part of your intimate family of twelve For instance you can be inconsistent in your exercise program yet quite disciplined in your spiritual practice Needing a substance or practice or person so intensely or regularly that you compromise relationships finances integrity character or emotional and psychological wellbeing however indicates that you should look very seriously at this archetype as a possible choice Films Jack Lemmon and Lee Remick in Days of Wine and Roses alcohol Ben Stiller in Permanent Midnight heroin Dom de Luise in Fatso food Claire Bloom in The Chapman Report sex Drama A Long Day’s Journey into Night morphine by Eugene O’Neill Fiction Basketball Diaries heroin by Jim Carroll Under the Volcano mescal by Malcolm Lowry ReligionMyth Soma Vedic god of intoxication as well as the intoxicating drink itself and the plant from which it is made Tantalus a son of Zeus and king of Sipylos in Greece he was invited to share the food of the gods but abused the honor and was punished by being “tantalized” for all eternity by food and drink he could not reach Advocate Attorney Defender Legislator Lobbyist Environmentalist Coming to the defense of others is one manifestation of what Ram Dass calls “Compassion in Action ” The Advocate embodies a sense of lifelong devotion to championing the rights of others in the public arena People who relate to this archetype have recognized early on a passion to transform social concerns specifically in behalf of others Symbolically they are dedicated to inspiring the empowerment of groups or causes that are unable to be empowered on their own By comparison archetypes such as the Hermit are clearly more personal and lack the Advocate’s fire for furthering social change The Advocate needs public expression even if only through writing or artwork The shadow Advocate manifests in false or negative causes or in committing to causes for personal gain In evaluting your connection with this archetype you should ask yourself how much of your life is dedicated to social causes and a willingness to take action Films Paul Newman in The Verdict Spencer Tracy in Inherit the Wind Julia Roberts in The Pelican Brief and Erin Brockovich Robert Duvall in the Godfather trilogy shadow Television Perry Mason L A Law The Practice Fiction The Devil and Daniel Webster by Stephen Vincent Benet Fairy Tales Puss in Boots ReligionMyth David in the Hebrew Bible the Jewish champion who slew the much larger Goliath Hakuim a preIslamic deity of southern Arabia who administers justice and oversees arbitration Alchemist Wizard Magician Scientist Inventor–see also Visionary These archetypes share the common trait of converting some form of matter into an altered expression of itself The Wizard and Magician produce results outside the ordinary rules of life whether causing people to fall in love or objects to disappear Whereas a Wizard is associated with supernatural powers the Magician tends to be seen more as an entertainer The Alchemist is associated with vain attempts to turn base metals into gold but in its highest manifestation it seeks complete spiritual transformation You may identify with this archetype if you are interested in a path of spiritual development that is aligned to the mystery schools or study of the laws of the universe From this perspective Nostradamus and Isaac Newton could both be classified as Alchemists The shadow sides of these archetypes are found in the misuse of the power and knowledge that comes through them Seduction and trickery brought about through magic and wizardry play on the desires of many people to transform their lives For the Alchemist or Wizard to be one of your circle of twelve it needs to be associated with your physical life in some significant way Perhaps your work or living situation demands that you be especially inventive or interventionist on a regular basis The shadow Wizard manifests either as the use of ingenuity for criminal or unethical purposes or as feelings of superiority based on high intellect Films Spencer Tracy in Edison the Man Greer Garson in Madame Curie Anthony Michael Hall as Bill Gates and Noah Wylie as Steve Jobs in Pirates of Silicon Valley HBO video Fred MacMurray or Robin Williams in The Absentminded Professor Katharine Hepburn in The African Queen Jane Powell in Seven Brides for Seven Brothers Jeff Goldblum in The Fly shadow Patrick Stewart and Ian McKellan shadow in XMen Fiction The Alchemist by Paulo Coelho The Mists of Avalon by Marion Z Bradley the Harry Potter series by J K Rowling Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland by Lewis Carroll Drama The Miracle Worker by William Gibson ReligionMyth Merlin wizard and prophet involved in every phase of King Arthur’s life from conception to rulership who also counseled him as King Cessair magician who became the first Queen of Ireland Tezcatlipoca Aztec god of night and material things whose black magic mirror made of obsidian or hematite reflected the thoughts and actions of humanity and could kill enemies Paracelsus 16thcentury Swiss alchemist and physician who described humans as the microcosmic reflection of the macrocosm Hermes Trismegistus Greek mythic figure who served as messenger of the gods but who in later esoteric thought became a master of reality manipulation able to travel freely between the various realms and dimensions Simon Samaritan magician in the Book of Acts 8924 condemned by the apostle Peter for offering to buy the power of the Holy Spirit from him Suyolak gypsy wizard said to know all medicinal cures Fairy Tales Rumpelstiltskin who spun straw into gold Angel Fairy GodmotherGodfather Angels exist in a category unto themselves because they are thought to be living beings of Light and messengers of the Divine Almost every cultural and religious tradition on earth features angels of some description including belief in a personal Guardian Angel in the Jewish Christian and Islamic traditions Angels are typically represented as winged beings who intervene in times of great need or for the purpose of delivering a message of guidance or instruction from God to humans Even though you probably aren’t an actual Angel you can acknowledge a strong connection to the angelic realm as noted in people who have a dedication to representing the presence of angels Artists who paint their images for example authors who write about their interaction with humans and those whose lives in some way provide a channel through which their presence is physically manifested exhibit a rapport with the angelic realm Some people are also referred to as “angels” because of the loving and nurturing qualities of character that they embody One may also play the role of a Fairy Godmother or Godfather by helping someone in need either anonymously or with no expectation of any return The shadow side of this archetype manifests through people who make claims to be in touch with angelic guidance for the sake of control or ego enhancement or who act innocent or angelic to mislead others about their true nature From a biblical perspective the shadow Angel is frequently associated with Satan or Lucifer but the Devil or Demon should also be considered as a unique archetype Films Herbert Marshall in The Enchanted Cottage Charles Coburn in The More the Merrier Aunt March to Amy in Little Women the two angels in It’s A Wonderful Life Marlon Brando in The Godfather trilogy shadow Danny Glover Kevin Kline in Grand Canyon Television Touched by an Angel Fairy Tales Glinda in The Wonderful Wizard of Oz by L Frank Baum ReligionMyth Angiris Hindu angels who preside over sacrifices Uriel in rabbinic lore the angel who wrestled with Jacob Gabriel archangel who appeared to Mary in the Gospels and recited the Quran to the Prophet Muhammad Sijil Islamic angels overseeing the heavenly scrolls Tenshi Japanese angels who are messengers of the gods and helpers of humanity Lucifer and Iblis in medieval Christian and Islamic belief respectively evil angels who work to destroy human souls Fravashis ancient Zoroastrian guardian angels who guide the souls of the dead to heaven Ombwiri tribal guardian angels and ancestor spirits in central Africa Athena goddess who frequently comes to the aid of Odysseus in The Odyssey Artist Artisan Craftsperson Sculptor Weaver The Artist archetype embodies the passion to express a dimension of life that is just beyond the five senses The Artist psyche is animated with the energy to express it into physical forms The nature or relative grandeur of any form of expression is irrelevant a chef can be as much of an artist as a painter or landscaper The signature of artists is not in what they do but in how intense their motivation is to manifest the extraordinary Doing what you do in such a way that you create an emotional field that inspires others also indicates the Artist energy at work as does the emotional and psychological need to express yourself so much that your wellbeing is wrapped up in this energy The shadow Artist comprises many cliches including an eccentric nature and the madness that often accompanies genius The Starving Artist represents the fear of financial ruin or the belief that fame and fortune come only after death which often cause artists to suppress their talents In evaluating your relationship to this archetype recognize that the need to bring art to others such as dedicating part of the energy of your life to supporting artists is as much an expression of the Artist archetype as actually holding a brush in your hand Films Ed Harris in Pollock Alec Guinness in The Horse’s Mouth Isabelle Adjani in Camille Claudel Kirk Douglas in Lust for Life Gene Kelly in An American in Paris Drama Amadeus by Peter Schaffer Fiction A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man by James Joyce The Horse’s Mouth by Joyce Cary Fairy Tales Gepetto in Pinocchio by Carlo Collodi ReligionMyth Galatea sculptor of Greek myth who brought the statue of Pygmalion to life Shennung one of the Three Noble Ones of Chinese mythology who invented the plow and taught humanity the art of agriculture BasaJaun in Basque lore a wood spirit who taught humanity the art of forging metal Sarasvati Hindu patron of the Arts Ptah Egyptian creator god and deity of craftsmen said to have molded humanity on his potter’s wheel Ambat Melanesian herodeity who taught the art of pottery Ixzaluoh Mayan water goddess who invented the art of weaving Hiro Polynesian hero who introduced humanity to the art of writing Hephaestus Greek god of the blacksmith’s fire and patron of all craftsmen Athlete Olympian This archetype represents the ultimate expression of the strength of the human spirit as represented in the power and magnificence of the human body Because the Olympian is so connected to spiritual as well as physical strength a code of ethics and morality is associated with the archetype which is an excellent example of the universal power of the “psyche” of an archetype A link to the Athlete should not be evaluated by whether your physical skill is on par with that of professionals or whether your body is perfect in form and function A person dedicated to transcending the limits of a physical handicap qualifies as much for this archetype as the professional or artistic athlete because the development of personal will power and strength of spirit is a requirement for the body to manifest its perfection The shadow aspect of athletics however may manifest as a misuse of one’s strength against any sort of person or opponent in the world even outside the field of professional athletics such as a professional boxer who starts a bar fight a false sense of invulnerability like Achilles’ and Samson’s dirty play or colluding with gamblers See Bully The shadow may also appear as a lack of honor that compels you to cheat to win Films Esther Williams in Million Dollar Mermaid Burt Lancaster in Jim Thorpe All American Tom Courtenay in The Loneliness of the Long Distance Runner Daniel Day Lewis in My Left Foot Hoop Dreams documentary Fiction The Natural by Bernard Malamud Hans Brinker and the Silver Skates by Mary Mapes Dodge FolkloreFairy Tales The Tortoise and the Hare ReligionMyth Atalanta female athlete in Greek myth Smertios Celtic wargod portrayed as a bearded athlete Nike feminine personification of victory in Greek myth who runs and flies at great speed Samson Nazarite strongman and biblical Judge Achilles Greek warrior known for his exceptional might and the hero of the Iliad Smertrios CelticGallic god of war depicted as a bearded athlete Avenger Avenging Angel Savior Messiah This archetype and its related manifestations respond to a need to balance the scales of justice sometimes by employing aggressive techniques Attorneys who work for the impoverished or disadvantaged or who volunteer part of their time for pr bono work are modern avengers Bringing war criminals to trial or legally pursuing corporations that harm society are examples of the Avenger on a global scale fueled by a sense of righteousness in behalf of society One can also be motivated to avenge an injustice against oneself or one’s family The Avenging Angel is an expression of this archetype of mythic proportions that suggests that one is on a mission from God as in the case of Joan of Arc On the global level the shadow manifests as avenging perceived immoral behavior by resorting to violence from acts of ecoterroism to bombing abortion clinics The “rightness” of one’s cause can never justify harming innocent third parties Gandhi countered the shadow of social vengeance by emphasizing passive resistance to illegitimate authority In evaluating your connection to this archetype review your life for experiences in which your primary motivation was to defend or represent a cause in behalf of others One instance is not enough You need to relate to this archetype as a primary force through which many of the choices and actions of your life are directed A burning desire to get even can be so forceful that you organize a lifetime around meeting that end Films Ingrid Bergman in The Visit Jane Fonda in Cat Ballou John Wayne in The Searchers Julia Roberts in Erin Brokovich Jane Fonda Dolly Parton Lily Tomlin in Nine to Five Vincent Price in Theatre of Blood shadow–an actor who kills his critics Al Pacino in The Godfather shadow Robert de Niro or Robert Mitchum in Cape Fear shadow Television The Avengers Drama The Oresteia by Aeschylus Hamlet and Macbeth by Shakespeare Fiction To Kill a Mockingbird by Harper S Lee ReligionMyth The Furies or Erinyes avenging spirits of Roman and Greek myth respectively Bastet Egyptian catheaded goddess who is the instrument of Ra’s vengeance Durga vengeful warrior goddess of the Hindu pantheon Kali Hindu mother goddess and symbol of destruction who annihilates ignorance and maintains the world order Beggar Homeless person Indigent Completely without material resources the Beggar is associated with dependence on the kindness of others living on the streets starvation and disease whether in New York City or Calcutta It is easy to believe that the archetype of the Beggar is solely a negative one but that is an illusion A person need hardly be starving for food to be considered a Beggar People “beg” for attention love authority and material objects We “throw a dog a bone” to give a powerless being a “treat” of power From a symbolic perspective the Beggar archetype represents a test that compels a person to confront selfempowerment beginning at the base level of physical survival Learning about the nature of generosity compassion and selfesteem are fundamental to this archetypal pattern Films Patrick Swazye in City of Hope Fiction Oliver Twist by Charles Dickens The Prince and the Pauper by Mark Twain Non Fiction Meeting the Madwoman by Linda Schierse Leonard Ph D ReligionMyth Lazarus the beggar in Luke 162223 who is “carried by the angels to Abraham’s bosom” after his death while the rich man outside whose gate he begged went to Hades Yeta Japanese beggar who may be a disguise for Inari the god of food or goddess of rice Odysseus who disguised himself as a ragged beggar when he returned home from Troy Lan Caihe in Taoist myth one of the eight immortals who dresses in rags and roams the streets as a drunken beggar Bully Coward The archetype of the Bully manifests the core truth that the spirit is always stronger than the body Symbolically our physical bodies can “bully” our spirits with any number of reasons why we should back down from our challenges which appear to overwhelm us by their size and shape Your relationship to this archetype should be evaluated within a framework far more expansive than evaluating whether you “bully” people Consider whether on your life path you confront one experience and relationship after another that appears to have more power than you and ultimately leads you to ask “Will I stand up to this challenge” People are often called to take on bullies for the sake of others as David did Goliath and this is another criterion of your connection to this archetype Conventional wisdom holds that underneath a bully is a coward trying to keep others from discovering his true identity Symbolically the Coward within must stand up to being bullied by his own inner fears which is the path to empowerment through these two archetypes Films Matt Dillon in My Bodyguard Jack Palance in Shane Mel Gibson in Braveheart James Cagney in The Fighting 69th Bert Lahr in The Wizard of Oz Jack Nicholson in As Good as It Gets Fiction The Red Badge of Courage by Stephen Vincent Benet Fairy Tales Jack and the Beanstalk Jack the Giant Killer Child Orphan Wounded MagicalInnocent Nature Divine PuerPuella Eternis or Eternal BoyGirl Everyone has expressions of each one of these aspects of the Child within his psyche although one aspect is usually so dominant that it eclipses the energy of the others The Wounded Child for example can be so needy that it is almost impossible for the Magical Child to manifest its qualities At the same time because every one of the Child aspects is present in various degrees of strength in every psyche similar patterns often overlap making it hard to distinguish which one you relate to most intensely You may find that you relate equally to the Orphan and the Wounded Child or to the Puer Eternis and the Nature Child When this is the case choose one and include the specific qualities that you relate to in the other archetype as you investigate the psyche of this archetype in your life Child Orphan The Orphan Child is the major character in most well known children’s stories including Little Orphan Annie the Matchstick Girl Bambi the Little Mermaid Hansel and Gretel Snow White Cinderella and many more The pattern in these stories is reflected in the lives of people who feel from birth as if they are not a part of their family including the family psyche or tribal spirit Yet precisely because orphans are not allowed into the family circle they have to develop independence early in life The absence of family influences attitudes and traditions inspires or compels the Orphan Child to construct an inner reality based on personal judgment and experience Orphans who succeed at finding a path of survival on their own are celebrated in fairy tales and folk stories as having won a battle with a dark force which symbolically represents the fear of surviving alone in this world The shadow aspect manifests when orphans never recover from growing up outside the family circle Feelings of abandonment and the scar tissue from family rejection stifle their maturation often causing them to seek surrogate family structures in order to experience tribal union Therapeutic support groups become shadow tribes or families for an Orphan Child who knows deep down that healing these wounds requires moving on to adulthood Identifying with the Orphan begins by evaluating your childhood memories paying particular attention to whether your painful history arises from the feeling that you were never accepted as a family member Films Margaret O’Brien in The Secret Garden Victoire Thivisol in Ponette Hayley Mills in Pollyanna Fiction David Copperfield by Charles Dickens The Wonderful Wizard of Oz by L Frank Baum Drama The Changeling by Thomas Middleton Fairy Tales Snow White Cinderella Bambi The Little Mermaid ReligionMyth Romulus and Remus twins of Roman myth who were cast into the Tiber miraculously rescued by a shewolf and went on to found Rome Moses Havelock the Dane in medieval romance the orphan son of Birkabegn King of Denmark cast adrift by treacherous guardians but found and raised by a British fisherman and eventually made King of Denmark and part of England Child Wounded The Wounded Child archetype holds the memories of the abuse neglect and other traumas that we have endured during childhood This may be the pattern people relate to the most particularly since it has become the focus of therapy and accepted as a major culprit in the analysis of adult suffering Choosing the Wounded Child suggests that you credit the painful and abusive experiences of your childhood with having a substantial influence on your adult life Many people blame their Wounded Child for instance for all their subsequent dysfunctional relationships The painful experiences of the Wounded Child archetype often awaken a deep sense of compassion and a desire to find a path of service aimed at helping other Wounded Children From a spiritual perspective a wounded childhood cracks open the learning path of forgiveness The shadow aspect may manifest as an abiding sense of selfpity a tendency to blame your parents for your current shortcomings and to resist moving on through forgiveness Films Diana Scarwid in Mommie Dearest Dean Stockwell in The Secret Garden Linda Blair in The Exorcist Natalie Wood in The Miracle on 34th Street Leonardo di Caprio in This Boy’s Life Jon Voight in Midnight Cowboy Fiction Native Son by Richard Wright Oliver Twist by Charles Dickens ReligionMyth The Amazons warrior women of Greek myth who as children had their right breast removed to facilitate the use of bow and arrow their chief weapon Child MagicalInnocent The Magical Child represents the part of us that is both enchanted and enchanting to others It sees the potential for sacred beauty in all things exemplified by Tiny Tim in Dickens’s A Christmas Carol and by Anne Frank who wrote in her diary that in spite of all the horror surrounding her family while hiding from Nazis in an attic in Amsterdam she still believed that humanity was basically good Her insights offered at a time when most people were collapsing under the weight of war and persecution continue to inspire people to seek out the wondrous side of life even in a crisis One might assume from the name that this archetype refers to only the delightful qualities of children but as demonstrated by Anne Frank and Tiny Tim it also embodies qualities of wisdom and courage in the face of difficult circumstances Baudelaire wrote that “genius is childhood recaptured” and in that sense the Magical Child is something of a genius too The Magical Child is gifted with the power of imagination and the belief that everything is possible The shadow energy of the Magical Child manifests as the absence of the possibility of miracles and of the transformation of evil to good Attitudes of pessimism and depression particularly when exploring dreams often emerge from an injured Magical Child whose dreams were “once upon a time” thought foolish by cynical adults The shadow may also manifest as a belief that energy and action are not required allowing one to retreat into fantasy Films Drew Barrymore in E T Margaret O’Brien in Meet Me in St Louis George du Fresne in Ma Vie en Rose Shirley Temple in Good Ship Lollipop Fiction The Little Prince by Antoine de SaintExupéry Pippi Longstocking by Astrid Lindgren Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland and Through the LookingGlass and What Alice Found There by Lewis Carroll ReligionMyth Merlin in Arthurian legend the “child without a father” who was about to be sacrificed when he saved himself by displaying magic greater than the King’s sorcerers Child Nature This archetype inspires deep intimate bonding with natural forces and has a particular affinity for friendships with animals Although the Nature Child has tender emotional qualities it can also have an inner toughness and ability to survive–the resilience of Nature herself Nature Children can develop advanced skills of communicating with animals and in stories reflecting this archetype an animal often comes to the rescue of its child companion Many veterinarians and animal right activists resonate with this archetype because they have felt a conscious rapport with animals since childhood Other adults describe being in communication with nature spirits and learning to work in harmony with them in maintaining the order of nature The shadow aspect of the Nature Child manifests in a tendency to abuse animals and people and the environment A love of animals is not sufficient to qualify for this archetype however A life pattern of relating to animals in an intimate and caring way to the extent that your psyche and spirit need these bonds as a crucial part of your own wellbeing is your best clue in this direction Films Elizabeth Taylor in National Velvet Anna Paquin in Fly Away Home Claude Jarman in The Yearling Kelly Reno in The Black Stallion Tommy Kirk in Old Yeller JeanPierre Cargol in The Wild Child Television Rin Tin Tin Flipper My Friend Flicka Lassie Fiction Tarzan of the Apes by Edgar Rice Burroughs Song “Nature Boy ” ReligionMyth Persephone in Greek myth the daughter of Demeter who was abducted to Hades and was associated with the agricultural cycles of growth and harvest St Francis of Assisi Catholic friar said to have communicated with animals Child PuerPuella Eternis Eternal BoyGirl Positive aspects of the archetype manifest as a determination to remain eternally young in body mind and spirit People who maintain that age will never stop them from enjoying life are relying on the positive energy of this archetype to supply that healthy attitude The shadow Eternal Child often manifests as an inability to grow up and embrace the responsible life of an adult Like Peter Pan he resists ending a cycle of life in which he is free to live outside the boundaries of conventional adulthood The shadow Puella Eternis can manifest in women as extreme dependency on those who take charge of their physical security A consistent inability to be relied on and the inability to accept the aging process are also markers of this archetype Although few people delight in the ending of their youth the Eternal Child is sometimes left floundering and ungrounded between the stages of life because he has not laid a foundation for a functioning adulthood Films Tom Hanks in Big Pee Wee Herman in Pee Wee’s Big Adventure Carroll Baker in Baby Doll Thomas Hulce in Dominic and Eugene and as Mozart in Amadeus Fairy Tales Peter Pan ReligionMyth Cupid boy god of Roman myth said to have been born from a silver egg HarpaKhruti Horus the child Harpocrates Greek deity of god of silence and secrecy represented as a naked boy sucking his finger Child Divine The Divine Child is closely related to both the Innocent and Magical Child but is distinguished from them both by its redemptive mission The Divine Child also has a historical resonance all its own At the beginning of the Piscean Age 2000 years ago the archetype of the Divine Family was introduced That structure of the Father Mother and Divine Child God the Father Mary and Jesus was somewhat prefigured in ancient Egyptian mythology by Osiris Isis and their son Horus but they do not share the warmhearted union of love and divinity that the Christian motif developed The Divine Child is associated with innocence purity and redemption godlike qualities that suggest that the Child enjoys a special union with the Divine itself Few people are inclined to choose the Divine Child as their dominant Child archetype however because they have difficulty acknowledging that they could live continually in divine innocence And yet divinity is also a reference point of your inner spirit that you can turn to when you are in a conscious process of choice You may also assume that anything divine cannot have a shadow aspect but that’s not realistic The shadow of this archetype manifests as an inability to defend itself against negative forces Even the mythic gods and most spiritual masters including Jesus who is the template of the Divine Child for the Christian tradition simultaneously expressed anger and divine strength when confronting those who claimed to represent heaven while manifesting injustice arrogance or other negative qualities think of Jesus’ wrath at the moneychangers in the Temple Assess your involvement with this archetype by asking whether you see life through the eyes of a benevolent trusting GodGoddess or whether you tend to respond initially with fear of being hurt or with a desire to hurt others first Films Terence Stamp in Billy Budd character of the young Dalai Lama in Kundun character of the young Pu Yi in The Last Emperor Alex Wiesendanger in Little Buddha ReligionMyth Horus in Egyptian myth divine son of Isis and Osiris Siddartha Gautama according to legend the future Buddha was born proclaiming that his cycle of rebirths was about to end Infant of Prague statue of Jesus as a child dressed in royal robes and wearing a crown originating in 17thcentury Czechoslovakia Demophon in Greek myth the son of Metanira queen of Eleusis who was raised as a divine being by Demeter 18 Balakrisna the child form of Krishna in Hindu myth Suitengu Japanese child god of the sea Clown Court Jester Fool Dummling The Clown archetype is associated with three major characteristics making people laugh making them cry and wearing a mask that covers one’s own real emotions The Clown is generally male with few women playing the role either in literature or the theater This may well be explained by the social attitude that associates weakness and loss of control with a man who expresses emotions Therefore the man has to wear a mask which often portrays a crying face The Clown reflects the emotions of the crowd making an audience laugh by satirizing something they can relate to collectively or by acting out social absurdities In general the messages communicated through a Clown’s humor are deeply serious and often critical of the hypocrisy in an individual or in some area of society Because of the mask he wears the Clown is allowed–indeed expected–to cross the boundaries of social acceptance representing what people would like to do or say themselves The Court Jester or Fool is the manifestation of the Clown in a royal setting Since no one can possibly take a fool seriously at the physical level he is allowed entry into the most powerful of circles While entertaining the king with outrageous behavior the Fool is actually communicating messages that the king trusts Political satirists often have dominant Court Jester archetypes revealing the motivations of the highest officials in the nation in a manner that is generally granted freedom from the legal retribution that might be leveled against an ordinary citizen making the same comments Related to the Fool is the Dummling the fairy tale character who although often simpleminded acts with a good heart and is usually rewarded for it Modern film characters such as Forrest Gump and Nurse Betty embody this aspect of the archetype which does not so much impart wisdom as foster living with kindness and simplicity The shadow aspect of the Clown or Fool manifests as cruel personal mockery or betrayal specifically the breaking of confidences gained through knowledge from the inner circle In reviewing your relationship to this archetype consider your use of humor in association with power Since everyone is prone to jesting you are looking for a connection to a pattern of behavior that is fundamental to your personal protection and survival In distinguishing Clown from Fool note that the Fool is connected to arenas of power while the Clown does his best work as an Everyman like Ralph Kramden on “The Honeymooners ” Reflect on whether “clowning” around is an essential channel for expressing your emotions over and above simple play Ask yourself if like the Fool you carry truth into closed circles or closed minds Films Danny Kaye in The Court Jester Buster Keaton in The Navigator Sherlock Jr The General Charlie Chaplin in The Circus The Gold Rush Giulletta Masina in La Strada Barbra Steisand in What’s Up Doc Rene Zellweger in Nurse Betty Woody Allen in Zelig Drama He Who Gets Slapped by Maxim Gorky Opera I Pagliacci by Leoncavallo Literature Don Quixote by Miguel de Cervantes Gimpel the Fool by Isaac Bashevis Singer Holy Fools and Mad Hatters by Edward Hays The Autobiography of Henry VIII with notes by his Fool Will Somers by Margaret George ReligionMyth Mullah Nasruddin a k a Hoja Nasredin Sufi figure in Egypt Iran and Turkey half saint and half fool who acts like a ninny to teach wisdom Sir Dagonet the fool of King Arthur who was knighted as a joke but who also performed bravely in tournaments Heyoka in Lakota Sioux lore someone who does things backwards to teach people not to take themselves too seriously Coyote in Native American lore Companion Friend Sidekick Right Arm Consort The Sidekick’s qualities of loyalty tenacity and unselfishness are the positive aspects of this archetype A SidekickCompanion provides a service symbolically speaking to a personality that often has a stronger nature or a role in life that carries more authority Secretaries and personal assistants are examples of Right Arms taking care of the daytoday details of life You might have an inner Companion that takes care of the details and allows another archetype to focus on work central to your mission Companions are associated with providing emotional rather than sexual support Platonic or friendship bonds are more in keeping with that particular archetype Betrayal is a common example of the shadow side of the Companion which damages the soul Films Eve Arden in Mildred Pierce The Lady Takes a Sailor The Kid from Brooklyn Frank Sinatra and Montgomery Clift in From Here to Eternity Susan Sarandon and Geena Davis in Thelma and Louise Television My Friend Flicka Lassie Fiction The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes Dr Watson by Arthur Conan Doyle Drama Iago in Othello by Shakespeare shadow ReligionMyth Damon and Pythias in Christian lore two young men whose loyalty to each other won their freedom after Pythias was condemned to death Enkidu companion created by the gods for Gilgamesh a natural man who proved a perfect match for the godlike hero king Eris Greek goddess of strife and constant companion of the war god Ares Apis holy bull was worshipped in ancient Egypt as the companion of the creator god Ptah Nike Greek victory goddess and companion of Athena goddess of wisdom and war Damsel Princess The Damsel in Distress may be the oldest female archetype in all of popular literature and the movies She is always beautiful vulnerable and in need of rescue specifically by a Knight and once rescued she is taken care of in lavish style When disappointed a Damsel must go through a process of empowerment and learn to take care of herself in the world The shadow side of this archetype mistakenly teaches old patricarchal views that women are weak and teaches them to be helpless and in need of protection It leads a woman to expect to have someone else who will fight her battles for her while she remains devoted and physically attractive and concealed in the castle Many women still expect to marry a man who will give them a castle and take of them And some men are raised to expect to do this see Prince and Knight The Damsel’s fear of going it alone is holds the DamselKnight relationship together It also often shatters the relationship when the Prince or Knight grows older and expects to have a perennially young attractive Princess at his beck and call The Princess inevitably grows older even if she remains helpless Or she becomes more interetsed in the outside world develops skills and competiencies and is unable to maintain the same old dynamic of dependency Either way most DamselPrince relationships ultimately find that they change or fail The DamselPrincess must ultimately learn to fight her own battles and evolve into a Queen The Princess is more often associated with romance rather than distress She awaits a Knight who is worthy of her beauty and rank and will take her not to his castle but to a palace The castles that Damsels are taken to have prisons cold stone walls drawbridges and moats Palaces are fantastically beautiful and charmed and are associated with ballrooms and elegance The common archetypal expression “Daddy’s little Princess” implies an adoring father who brings up his daughter surrounded by beauty and abundance There is no “Daddy’s little Damsel in Distress ” The Princess and the Damsel however both are taught to be helpless and do share a yearning for a Knight as a partner in life the implication being that without a Knight they are powerless in this world The challenge inherent in these archetypal patterns therefore is to do for yourself what you expect the Knight to do for you–provide and protect yourself The Princess archetype is also influenced by our colloquial use of the term and especially its heavy freight of antifeminist connotations of a woman who is overly demanding as in “JewishAmerican Princess” or in the story of the Princess and the Pea Even when used positively the word can imply an unreal bland or cosseted character like the teenage daughter nicknamed Princess on the TV series Father Knows Best But a genuine Princess looks out not for her own comfort and whimsy but for the welfare of those around her In Asian tales abound of clever and resourceful Princesses of conflicts between schools of martial arts for instance in which a Prince and Princess battle it out as depicted in the Ang Lee film Crouching Tiger Hidden Dragon And Scheherezade bravely married the sultan who had decided to kill all his new wives at daybreak and beguiled him with tales for a thousand and one nights until he rescinded his decree thus saving all the women In reviewing your relationship to this archetype return to your fantasies as a young girl and note what your expectations were in looking for a mate Most significantly were you or are you consciously or unconsciously awaiting the arrival of your Knight in Shining “Amour” Did you think or behave like a Damsel Were you hoping to be rescued And if you are now coping with the consequences of a broken relationship can you trace the reasons for the failed partnership back to being disappointed that your expectations as Damsel were not met Films Pearl White in the Perils of Pauline silent films Fay Wray in King Kong Betty Hutton in The Perils of Pauline Jean Simmons in Young Bess Robin Wright in The Princess Bride Carrie Fisher as Princess Leia in the Star Wars Trilogy Ingrid Bergman in Anastasia Gwyneth Paltrow in Shakespeare in Love Kate Winslet in Titanic Jeff Daniels in Something Wild Fiction Gone with the Wind by Margaret Mitchell Emma by Jane Austin Fairy Tales Snow White Sleeping Beauty Rapunzel Cinderella ReligionMyth KonoHana in Shinto belief the Japanese Blossom Princess who symbolizes the delicate aspects of earthly life Io in Greek myth a princess and the daughter of a river god who suffered continually as the object of Zeus’s lust Princess Aigiarm strong valiant daughter of Mongolian King Kaidu who offered herself in marriage to any suitor who could wrestle her down but who if he lost had to give her a horse She never married and won 10000 horses Destroyer Attila Mad Scientist Serial Killer Spoiler Destruction and Reconstruction is another way of describing the Death and Rebirth cycle of life Systems and structures must be dismantled so that new life can be born Myths and legends about gods and goddesses bringing destruction to the earth are common to all traditions Yahweh destroyed the world through the great Flood and rained fire and brimstone on Sodom and Gommorah In the Hindu tradition the goddess Kali generally pictured wearing a belt made of dismembered arms and a necklace of human skulls represents the positive power of destruction annihilating ignorance and maintaining the world order The god Shiva Kali’s male counterpart destroys in order to create The impulse to destroy and rebuild is archetypal We are bound to that cycle and therein lies the learning Destruction also refers to releasing that which is destroying us and so many therapists and other healers serve the role of the Destroyer by assisting others to release destructive emotions or behavior The power of positive destruction is enormously healing and liberating In its shadow manifestation destruction becomes an end in itself and one becomes intoxicated with one’s own destructive power and addicted to it The Destroyer generates death madness and abuse and targets individuals and groups It can manifest as a nation that destroys other nations or people who destroy the environment To count this shadow archetype as part of your support group you will be able to recognize a pattern within your psyche that destroys relationships or promotes attitudes and opinions that destroy others’ dreams or potential Films Jack Palance in The Sign of the Pagan William Holden in The Wild Bunch Anthony Hopkins in The Silence of the Lambs Ralph Fiennes in Schindler’s List Richard Baseheart in Hitler ReligionMyth Angra Mainyu or Ahriman in Zoroastrianism the eternal destroyer of good personification of evil conveyor of death and disease Kalki in Hindu belief the final incarnation of Vishnu who will descend from the sky on a white horse to destroy the wicked renew the world and restore righteousness the Furies or Erynies avenging deities of Greek myth who pursued and persecuted anyone who killed a parent brother or fellow clansman by driving the murderer mad the Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse allegorical figures in the New Testament Book of Revelation or Apocalypse who symbolize war pestilence famine and death Detective Spy Double Agent Sleuth Snoop Sherlock Holmes Private Investigator Profiler–see also WarriorCrime Fighter Positive characteristics of the Detective include the ability to seek out knowledge and information that supports solving crimes and protecting the public Detectives combine great powers of observation with highly evolved intuition to deduce the solutions to crimes Whereas the Detective is public and often highly respected–especially its modern counterpart the police Profiler–the empowered Spy is associated far more with the surreptitious and often illegal acquisition of secret information regarding politics business or national security Our attitude toward spies often depends on whose side they’re on Many Americans see Gary Powers as a heroic figure while Double Agents such as Robert P Hansson or British intelligence officer and Soviet spy Kim Philby are considered traitors The shadow side of these archetypes can manifest as voyeurism falsifying information or selling out to the highest bidder Parents who “spy” on their children with good intentions such as uncovering their involvement with sex or drugs are nonetheless flirting with the shadow Detective Films Humphrey Bogart in The Maltese Falcon and The Big Sleep Richard Burton in The Spy Who Came in from the Cold Kelly McGillis and Jeff Daniels in The House on Carroll Street Kathleen Turner in V I Warshawski Laurence Olivier in Sleuth any James Bond Sherlock Holmes or Charlie Chan film Fiction Sir Arthur Conan Doyle Dashiel Hammett Agatha Christie Rex Stout Tom Clancy John LeCarré Television I Spy Magnum P I ReligionMyth Sinon in Greek lore a spy who gained the trust of the Trojans by pretending to have deserted the Greeks then convinced them to take in the wooden horse that led to their downfall Dilettante Amateur From a Latin root meaning “to delight in” the Dilettante is a lover of the fine arts who never rises above the level of an amateur and to whom the phrase “jack of all trades master of none” applies Although the word has the negative connotation of a dabbler who seeks only a cursory knowledge or experience it never completely loses the sense of delighting in the arts The Amateur from the Latin root for “love” has many of the same qualities of the Dilettante applied to the realm of sports or applied arts such as cooking and gardening In many cases it’s better to be an inspired amateur than a grinditout professional Like the survival archetypes the Dilettante or Amateur can alert you when you are in danger of becoming merely superficial in your pursuits or losing the love that drew you to your avocation in the first place The shadow Dilettante manifests as a pretension to much deeper knowledge than you actually possess Films Catherine Frot in La Dilettante Carol Channing in Thoroughly Modern Millie Liza Minnelli in Cabaret Spring Byington in You Can’t Take It with You Hermione Gingold in The Music Man John Savage in The Amateur Henry Fonda in The Lady Eve Amateur Fiction Dodsworth by Sinclair Lewis “The Dilettante” by Edith Wharton Don Juan Casanova Gigolo Seducer Sex Addict Sexual energy provides great power when properly channeled Like the Femme Fatale the Don Juan archetype can make us aware of falling into sex role cliches misusing the power of romantic attraction and pursuit Although associated with sensuality and sophistication this archetype represents a man preying on women for the sake of conquest alone Sex addiction is not about sex but about the need to gain control of someone Don Juan radiates an attitude that all women need him far more than he needs them and that he is invulnerable to their charms The positive aspect of this archetype is its underlying vulnerability and its power to open wide a heart that is capable of deep love As many stories portray once the gigolo meets his match he has also found his mate But his match in keeping with the profile of this pattern must have emotional independence and the selfesteem to be immune to his manipulative skills Films Warren Beatty in Shampoo Richard Gere in American Gigolo Donald Sutherland in Casanova Michael Caine in Alfie Johnny Depp in Don Juan di Marco Jude Law in A I Fiction Quiet Days in Clichy by Henry Miller ReligionMyth Satyr in Greek myth a creature with a goat’s tail flanks hooves and horns but otherwise human upper body who drinks dances and chases nymphs The Italian version is the faun and in Slavonic culture the Ljeschi Priapus Greek and Roman deity of gardens attributed with enormous genitals Aka Manah in Zoroastrianism the personification of sensual desire Engineer Architect Builder Schemer The Engineer is eminently practical handson and devoted to making things work The characteristics of the Engineer reflect the grounded orderly strategic qualities of mind that convert creative energy into a practical expression This archetype also manifests as a talent for engineering everyday situations or designing solutions to common dilemmas The shadow Engineer manifests as a master manipulator designing and engineering situations to one’s own advantage regardless of the needs or desires of others Films Alec Guinness in The Bridge on the River Kwai Gary Cooper in The Fountainhead Jeff Bridges in Tucker Drama The Master Builder by Henrik Ibsen ReligionMyth Elen in Welsh myth the world’s first highway engineer who protected her land by magically creating highways so that her soldiers could defend